Understanding the Chronology of Post-CAA Delhi Conflagration

Polarization from Citizenship Amendment Act continued on the day of Balakot anniversary as it engulfed Delhi in yet another violent spree. More than 20 people have died, including an Intelligence Bureau Officer and more than 180 have been injured. Delhi needs to be doused and saved from arson and communal violence. You can read Summachar’s coverage on CAA here.

Crux of the Matter

Violence and arson engulfed Delhi at a time when Donald Trump was on his maiden visit to India. The extrapolation of communalism during anti-CAA protests has taken a horrifying spin after escalating each time, be it the incidents at Jamia, Seelampur, Shaheen Bagh, Jafrabad, Chandbagh, or Maujpur. The capital city has become a hotbed of polarizing statements. The recently concluded Delhi Elections also saw a series of hateful and polarizing statements from politicians from across the spectrum.

Death toll in Delhi has crossed 20. Clash of pro-CAA and anti-CAA protestors rocked the Maujpur region of northeast Delhi. A young man called Shahrukh intimidated an unarmed policeman and opened 8 rounds of fire. A mosque had been torched in the capital city.

A 26-year old Intelligence Bureau officer’s dead body was found in the Chandbag drain. A senior police official said that the officer was missing since a group had stopped him after he went out of his house when the group was pelting stones in his colony.

The situation had worsened to an extent that Delhi police had to issue a ‘shoot at sight‘ order in northeast Delhi. Rapid Action Force (RAF) conducted a flag march in northeast Delhi to take control of the situation. National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval had met Delhi Police and Ministry Officials to get an overview of the situation. Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal had visited the Raj ghat and prayed for peace. He had urged the Centre to deploy the Army to tackle the situation. However, he is yet to visit the affected areas.

Supreme Court slammed Police and authorities for not taking proper action against the incessant violence in the Capital. Delhi High Court, referring to the killing of 3,000 people during anti-Sikh riots in Delhi, said that it cannot let another 1984 happen. It has urged the government and police authorities to take action to settle the situation in Delhi.

Before the current violent escalations in Delhi, a series of violent events had engulfed it from the day Citizenship Amendment Act was passed.

Chronology of Violence

15 December 2019
Jamia Milia Police Crackdown
The anti-CAA protests intensified on 15 December when students of Jamia Milia University of Delhi took to streets of South Delhi to voice their concerns. Police, in order to disperse the crowd, used tear gas shells and lathicharged protestors. Allegedly, the police had entered Jamia campus and beaten students with batons and fired tear gas bombs. In the south Delhi region, protestors also torched 4 buses and 2 police vehicles in the New Friends area. As many as 60 people, including students, policemen, and firefighters were injured in the clash.

15 December 2019 – Continue Till Date
Shaheen Bagh Protests
In the Shaheen Bagh region of Delhi, a Muslim dominated region, sit-in protests have continued till today, 72nd day. These protests became the focal point of campaigning before the Delhi Legislative Elections. Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) leader Amanatullah Khan, who allegedly instigated violence at the site, received a landslide victory in the elections.

17 December 2019
Seelampur Goes Violent
Anti-CAA protests in Seelampur region of northeast Delhi became violent. It is yet unknown what started the violence, but the protestors clashed with police, pelting stones and torching buses. Allegedly, during the clash Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP) got injured after a stone hit his head.

20 December 2019
Daryaganj Arson
Anti-CAA protests at the Daryaganj region of Delhi became violent after the protestors started pelting stones and torched a car in front of Delhi DCP’s office. Police had to use water cannons to disperse the crowd.

28 January 2020
Arrest of Sharjeel Imam
Sharjeel Imam, the co-organizer at the Shaheen Bagh protests, was arrested on 28 January on charges of Sedition, inciting and abetting riots and creating religious disharmony. He was charged for his speech at the Aligarh Muslim University, in which he made controversial remarks about blocking the chicken-neck corridor in Siliguri to cut off northeast from the rest of India.

30 January 2020
Man Opens Fire at Student Protestors
At an anti-CAA rally near Jamia, a person named Rambhakt Gopal opened fire at the student protestors. Allegedly, he was shouting the slogan of ‘ye lo azadi‘ before opening fire, which injured one student from Jamia University.

1st Week of February 2020
Delhi Elections
Delhi Legislative Elections witnessed polarizing statements from both parties, BJP and AAP. BJP leaders picked up Shaheen Bagh protests as their political agenda and a series of hateful statements began from its leaders.

20 February 2020
In relation to the anti-CAA protests, AIMIM leader Waris Pathan made a controversial communal threat.

22 February 2020
Jafrabad Blockade
Nearly 500 Muslim women staged protest at the Jafrabad metro station and blocked Road no. 66 that connects Seelamput to Yamuna Vihar and Maujpur.

23 February 2020
BJP leader Kapil Mishra had tweeted a video where he gave Delhi Police three ultimatum to clear the protestors-filled roads until Donald Trump is on India visit.


Religious violence in India includes acts of violence by followers of one religious group against followers and institutions of another religious group, often in the form of rioting. Religious violence in India has generally involved Hindus and Muslims. Along with domestic organizations, international human rights organisations such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch publish reports on acts of religious violence in India. Over 2005 to 2009 period, an average of 130 people died every year from communal violence, or about 0.01 deaths per 100,000 population. The state of Maharashtra reported the highest total number of religious violence related fatalities over that five-year period, while Madhya Pradesh experienced the highest fatality rate per year per 100,000 population between 2005 and 2009. Over 2012, a total of 97 people died across India from various riots related to religious violence. More Info

Communal Violence in Delhi has a long embedded history into politics and partition. In 1974, communal violence broke out to such an extent that an apartheid kind of situation was created. Interviews conducted by Centre for the Study of Developing Societies showed that “Hindus believed Muslims were poor, backward in education, religious fanatics, and quarrelsome and harsh. Some other perceptions quoted in the report include that Muslims marry several times and do not regard the country as their own.” More Info