As of April 27, 2020, there are more than 3 million Coronavirus cases worldwide and over 800,000 people have recovered while around 200,000 deaths have been recorded. The United States, Italy, and Spain have been the three countries hardest hit by the pandemic. Thanks to Lockdown 2.0, India has been able to prevent community transmission of COVID-19. Complete Coverage: Coronavirus
Crux of the Matter
As the Lockdown 2.0 comes to an end on May 3 India has significantly combated the coronavirus by increasing the testing numbers, centers and effectively implementing the other lockdown measures. As on April 26, India has confirmed 28,062 cases out of which 20,651 are active, 6527 have recovered and 884 have lost their lives. India has massively increased its testing capacity and is now testing 380.9 people per million out of which 19.2 people are found to be positive.
The doubling rate in the week March 24-30 was 5.2 days which worsened to 4.2 during the week March 31-April 6. During April 7-13 which was the 3rd week of the lockdown it went up to 6 days and from April 14-20, it became 8.5 days which shows the positive effect of the lockdown. As of 26th April, doubling rate has come down to 10 days.
Age-wise Statistics If we analyze the age-wise statistics, 42% of cases are in 21-40 years, 33% in 41-60 years, 17 percent are above 60 years and 9% are in 0-20 years. According to the Union Health Ministry, 60% of deaths are above 60 years of age. It is mostly because one’s immune system weakens with age and some suffer from pre-existing medical conditions.
Maharashtra is the state with maximum cases contributing 32.01% of all the cases in India followed by Gujarat at 14.45% and Delhi at 7.76%. AndhraPradesh, UttarPradesh, and Tamil Nadu have successfully managed to control the growth rate and now contribute only 3.65%, 5.5%, and 5.83% respectively.
As of April 26, 2020, cases in the European region reached around 1.3 million with nearly 1,20,000 deaths. Spain is the new most badly affected country in this region after Italy was able to stem the virus. Region of America and the Western Pacific have an estimated 10,47,508 and 1,42,470 cases respectively. South-East Asia and African regions have nearly 42000 and 20000 cases respectively with 1658 and 812 deaths respectively.
Portugal, Switzerland, and Italy have performed the maximum number of tests per million i.e 32414, 28343, 28245 respectively. The most affected USA which has emerged as a new epicenter for the virus is testing at the rate of 15949 per million and has done more than 5 million tests. France, United Kingdom, Netherlands, and Iran have conducted 7103, 9439, 11319, 4882 tests per million respectively.
India has increased its testing capacity profoundly and is currently conducting more than 40,000 tests per day. India has until now tested more than 6,00,000 samples which is nearly 453 tests per million.
The global average for the fatality rate is 7.08% whereas India has a fatality rate of 3.11%. Italy has the highest fatality rate of 13.46%, Germany has 3.61% and SouthKorea has 2.26%. Belgium has the highest death rate of 15.26% followed by France at 14.11% and the UnitedKingdom at 13.69%.
“Lockdown was a very well thought out decision taken after consultations with experts and was based on epidemiological science. Had we not followed lockdown, India’s Covid-19 graph would have grown exponentially and we would have got over 1 lakh cases.”
VK Paul, NITI Aayog Member
The doubling time is the time it takes for a population to double in size/value. It is applied to population growth, inflation, resource extraction, consumption of goods, compound interest, the volume of malignant tumors, and many other things that tend to grow over time.
The name Coronavirus was coined by June Almeida and David Tyrrell who first observed and studied viruses, they are also credited for publishing the first picture of a coronavirus. The word was first used in print in 1968 by an informal group of virologists in the journal Nature to designate the new family of viruses.
The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the apex body in India for the formulation, coordination, and promotion of biomedical research, is one of the oldest and largest medical research bodies in the world. The ICMR is funded by the Government of India through the Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
In March 2020, The World Health Organisation (WHO) had praised India’s efforts in containing the deadly coronavirus. “India has done a very good job of containing the COVID-19 virus so far. The government started preparing for the deadly disease well in advance. The Prime Minister, along with a group of ministers, is constantly monitoring the situation in the country,” said WHO official Dr. Poonam Khetripal.