Twitter recently witnessed surge in Palestine related tweets over alleged removal of the country from Google Maps, with the fact being complicated in a similar manner to the country’s history.
Crux of the Matter
Removal From Google Maps
Several Twitter users recently pointed to the removal of Palestine from Google Maps, with many users demanding action against the firm.
As it turns out, Google never displayed Palestine on its Maps. While their system demarcates the West Bank and the Gaza strip, there was never any pointer of the country on the Maps. A similar controversy had occurred in 2016 when Google had clarified its stance.
Recognition Of The State
Google is a firm based in the US and mirrors the stance of the nation concerning Palestine. In the conflict between Israel and Palestine, 138 out of 192 countries of the United Nations recognize the state of Palestine. These countries include India, Russia, North Korea, China, Argentina, Indonesia, etc.
However, there are several nations that do not officially recognize the state. These nations include Australia, Belgium, Canada, Germany, Italy, the UK, the US, etc.
History Of Israel-Palestine Conflict
- The Israel-Palestine conflict started in the late 19th century when Jews emigrated to Palestine to escape the anti-Semitic violence in Central Europe.
- 1917: Britain seized Palestine from the Ottoman empire. In its Balfour Declaration, the British agreed to provide support for the “settlement of Jewish people” in their homeland.
- 1939: Britain put the maximum limit of 10,000 on the number of Jews emigrating per year. However, Jews emigrated in large numbers to Palestine to escape the “Nazi Holocaust”.
- 1948: Israel declared its independence. In the same year, the Arab League provided support to Palestine and launched an attack on Israel. The war was won by Israel which annexed Western Jerusalem. Jordan annexed the West Bank, and Egypt occupied the Gaza strip.
- 1956: The Suez crisis occurred, wherein Israel ended up invading Egypt to make a passage for its ships and attempted to end “armed incursions” from Palestine.
- 1964: Yasser Arafat established the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).
- 1967: The “Six Day War” occurred, where Israel defeated Egypt, Jordan, and Syria, and occupied the West Bank and Gaza.
- 1972: 11 Israeli athletes killed by Palestinian terrorists in the Munich Olympics.
- 1982: After Palestinian terrorists attempted to assassinate the Israeli ambassador to London, Israel invaded Lebanon where PLO was operating.
- 1987: Palestine began the First Intifada to protest West bank occupation of Israel.
- 1993: The PLO and Israel signed the Oslo agreement, with the latter withdrawing from most of the West Bank and Gaza.
- 2008: Israel invaded Gaza to prevent attacks by the Hamas.
- 2019: Palestine and Israel agreed on a ceasefire.
- In 2018, a photograph of a protestor with a slingshot in one hand and a Palestinian flag on the other, went viral on social media. It was compared with Eugene Delacroix’s French Revolution painting, Liberty Leading the People.
- Black September was a conflict fought in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan between the Jordanian Armed Forces and the Palestine Liberation Organisation primarily between 16 and 27 September 1970.
- Google Maps first started as a C++ program designed by two Danish brothers, Lars and Jens Eilstrup Rasmussen, at the Sydney-based company Where 2 Technologies. In October 2004, the company was acquired by Google Inc. where it transformed into the web application Google Maps.
- The New York Times – No, Google Says, It Did Not Delete ‘Palestine’ From Its Maps
- The Hindu – The Israel-Palestine conflict — 100 years of history
- The Guardian – Google Maps accused of deleting Palestine – but the truth is more complicated
- Al Jazeera – Israel and Gaza reach ceasefire agreement amid tense calm
- The Guardian – Palestinians cut ties with Israel and US after rejecting Trump peace plan
- The Wire – Tackling Terror: Lessons for India from the 1972 Munich Olympics Massacre