Let’s look at the career of Pranab Mukherjee, one of the distinguished political icons of the country and India’s former President, after he passed away on 31 August, 2020.
Crux of the Matter
On 31 August, 2020, former President Pranab Mukherjee passed away at the age of 84. He battled several ailments prior to death and was admitted to the Army Hospital (R&R) in the Delhi Cantonment area. He underwent surgery for a clot in the brain and was also tested Covid-19 positive.
Pranab Mukherjee’s father was Kamada Kinkar Mukherjee, who was was a freedom fighter. Pranab Mukherjee held degrees of MA in History and Political Science as well as an LLB degree. He started his career first as a college teacher.
Major Posts And Nominations
- Elected to Rajya Sabha 5 times – 1969, 1975, 1981, 1993 and 1999.
- Served as the Leader of Rajya Sabha from 1980 to 1985.
- Elected to Lok Sabha in 2004 and 2009.
- Served as the Finance Minister in the periods 1982-84 and 2009-12.
- Served as the Minister of External Affairs from 1995 to 1996 and from 2006 to 2009.
- Served as the Defence Minister from 2004 to 2006.
- Served as the President of India from 2012 to 2017.
Awards And Achievements
- Rejected 30 mercy petitions, including those of Ajmal Kasab, Yakub Memon, etc while serving as the President of India (2012-17).
- Received Bharat Ratna in 2019.
- Received Padma Vibhushan in 2008.
- Received the ‘Bangladesh Muktijuddho Sanmanona’ (Liberation War award) in 2013 by Bangladesh for his contribution to its liberation war of 1971.
- The only non-prime minister leader of the Lok Sabha (2004-12) – generally the PM is the leader of the Lok Sabha.
- 1984: Labelled the ‘best finance minister’ in the world by the Euromoney magazine.
- 2005: Signed the historic “10-year defence partnership pact” with the US.
- Twitter account of the Rashtrapati Bhavan was inaugurated in 2014 by his initiative.
- Inaugurated the Rashtrapati Bhavan Museum Complex and made it accessible to the public in 2016.
- Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress (RSC) was a political party in the Indian state of West Bengal from 1986 to 1989. RSC was founded by Pranab Mukherjee, as a result of the leadership struggle within the Indian National Congress after the demise of Indira Gandhi.
- In terms of area, Rashtrapati Bhavan is the largest residence of any head of state in the world. On 26 January 1950, when Rajendra Prasad became the first President of India and occupied the building, it was named as Rashtrapati Bhavan.
- The Dramatic Decade: The Indira Gandhi Years is a book by Pranab Mukherjee. It focuses on the decade of the 1970s, the most active years of Indira Gandhi as a leader.
- India Today – Only FM to present budget in pre, post-liberalised India: Pranab Mukherjee’s economic achievements
- The Economic Times – Pranab Mukherjee receives Bangladesh’s second highest award
- Hindustan Times – Pranab Mukherjee was a workhorse who excelled at different roles
- Livemint – Pranab Mukherjee to get Bharat Ratna award today