Understanding Tech Behind India’s Defence Startups

Understanding Tech Behind India's Defence Startups

Indian startup ecosystem is leveraging technologies like drones, imaging systems and IoT based laser walls for strengthening the nation’s military while achieving the vision of Aatmanirbhar Bharat or self-reliant India. Let’s understand the tech behind some of the interesting defence systems developed by these startups.

Crux of the Matter

Avenger UC of Tonbo Imaging
EO (Electro-Optical) systems are imaging systems used for military applications. Involving both visible and infrared sensors, they help formulate images of possible threats during the day, light or low light conditions.

Avenger UC is one such EO system designed specifically for maritime applications like sea navigation and early threat detection in sea or air, via 360° rotation and continuous zoom ability for 24/7 defence operations.

Every UAV Is A Drone But Not Every Drone Is A UAV
UAV or Unmanned Aerial Vehicle is a military aircraft with no pilot on board. It can be either a remote-controlled aircraft (e.g. flown by a pilot at a ground control station) or a pre-programmed flight that is flown autonomously.

Drone is a broader term that refers to both commercial and civilian operations like hobby quadcopter or helicopters with four motors and commercial transportation services like Amazon Prime Air and local emergency service startups.

UAS or Unmanned aircraft systems include the entire system required for advanced drone operations i.e the aircraft, ground control station, and communications system.

Ninja UAV Of ideaForge
It is a lightweight UAV built for Mapping and Surveillance with NPNT compliance. ‘No Permission No Take-off” or NPNT is a software program that enables drones to obtain valid permissions through a digital sky platform before operating in India’s defence arena.

It is also helpful in crowd management i.e monitoring the progress of events where large groups of people gather together.

Big Bang Boom’s Flying Warden
This is a drone that can identify and tag miscreants involved in crimes like drug usage, arson, petty theft, spray paint, public urination, etc in regions that can’t be monitored regularly by the police.

Kavach of CRON Systems
Kavach (KVx) laser walls are smarter than the existing laser walls, which are visible because of laser beams. KVx is based on an infrared array that uses thermal images to be invisible.

The walls can alert the nearest outpost immediately about any intrusion attempts and triggers action from a quick response tool (QRT), connected via the internet of things (IoT) technology. In case power goes off, it can be run on UPS for 8-12 hours. The soldier on duty can then assess the threat visually or send out drones to inspect the post.

If you want to know about investments and the business side of these defence startups, check out this story: A Look At India’s Defence Startups

  • The Fairey Aviation Company was a family of British reconnaissance biplanes. First flying in 1917, its flights were still in use during the Second World War.
  • The drone in a box is an emerging form of autonomous UAV technology that uses drones that deploy from and return to self-contained landing “boxes”. Drone-in-a-box systems have been a focus of interest for militaries as a less expensive and less dangerous alternative to human-led communications, resupply, and offensive missions.
  • A target drone is a UAV, generally remote-controlled, used in the training of anti-aircraft crews. More advanced drones are usually made from large, older missiles that have had their warheads removed.