With the discovery of new evidence, the family of renowned activist Malcolm X have has demanded a further investigation in the case of his murder while also alleging the role of the FBI in it. With that, let’s look at who was Malcolm X and how the mystery of his assassination continues to be shrouded in doubt.
Crux of the Matter
Calls For Reinvestigation
Daughters of Malcolm X have demanded a new investigation in his murder case amidst new evidence. They have also alleged that NYPD and the FBI were involved in the murder.
- The new evidence found is the deathbed letter of Raymond Wood, a former NYPD officer.
- Wood wrote that he was assigned the responsibility to arrest Malcolm’s security team days before his murder.
Netflix had released Who Killed Malcolm X? series in 2020. The series led to a review of the convictions of the case, although the review is still going.
Who Was Malcolm X?
- Born: 19 May 1925 in Nebraska.
- Renowned activist for Black civil rights and a key member of ‘Nation of Islam’.
Nation for Islam: Movement for Black civil rights having Islamic elements.
- Reportedly faced attacks from KKK in childhood – influenced his future activism.
- Imprisoned from 1946 to 1952 for larceny – joined Nation for Islam in that period.
- Malcolm became the National Representative of the group after his prison term.
- Increased its influence rapidly amidst the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 60s.
- This was also the time when renowned boxer Muhammad Ali converted to Islam.
- Malcolm X was against ‘mainstream’ movements like Martin Luther King Jr. who preached nonviolence.
- He was more radical in his criticism of racism and American society.
- However, he left the ‘Nation’ in 1964 over his radicalism and differences.
- He was assassinated on 21 February 1965 while delivering a lecture in Harlem.
- 3 ‘Nation’ members were convicted.
- However, several reports claim that 2 of them were innocent, and that FBI was the real planner of the murder.
- In January 2019, members of the families of Malcolm X, John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King Jr., and Robert F. Kennedy were among dozens of Americans who signed a public statement calling for a truth and reconciliation commission to persuade Congress or the Justice Department to review the assassinations of all four leaders during the 1960s.
- A truth commission is an official body tasked with discovering and revealing past wrongdoing by a government, in the hope of resolving conflict left over from the past. An earlier and perhaps the first such commission occurred in Uganda in 1974 and was known as the Truth Commission: Commission of Inquiry into the Disappearances of People in Uganda since 25 January 1971.
- In 1963, Malcolm X began a collaboration with journalist Alex Haley on his life story, The Autobiography of Malcolm X. He told Haley, “If I’m alive when this book comes out, it will be a miracle.” Haley completed and published it some months after the assassination.