India Faces Record High Rainfall in 2019

The Indian monsoon in 2019 has seen 10% more rains than the 50 year average, recording a 25 year high. The monsoon is yet to retreat as of October, and has so far caused heavy flooding in multiple states from Gujarat to Assam and from Himachal Pradesh to Tamil Nadu.

Crux of the Matter
  • 2019 has seen the third highest rainfall measured in India since 1901.
  • Excess rains since August have caused flooding and associated loss to life and property in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
  • More than half of India has received normal rains while 30% of the area has received at least 20% excess rain.
  • The continuation of rains in October is expected to cause immediate loss in harvest and hence may impact rural incomes. On the flip side, a bumper winter crop harvest is expected due to the resulting higher soil moisture.

The Monsoon of South Asia is among several geographically distributed global monsoons. It affects the Indian subcontinent, where it is one of the oldest and most anticipated weather phenomena and an economically important pattern every year from June through September, but it is only partly understood and notoriously difficult to predict. Several theories have been proposed to explain the origin, process, strength, variability, distribution, and general vagaries of the monsoon, but understanding and predictability are still evolving. More Info