PM Modi Urges UN to Reform

We have to think whether the UN has risen to the occasion when it comes to conflict resolution. I had raised this issue when the UN turned 70 but much discussion couldn’t happen. I hope this topic is discussed more actively when the UN turns 75.

Narendra Modi (Prime Minister, India)

Crux of the Matter
  • During his keynote appearance at Future Investment Initiative in Saudi Arabia, Modi underscored the need for the UN to adapt to the globalist multipolar direction of world politics in the 21st century.
  • He mentioned that some countries have used the UN as a ‘tool’, a subtle dig at Pakistan. UN, as per Modi, hasn’t done enough as an ‘institution for conflict resolution’ and so he urged countries to come together to ponder what reforms need to be made to achieve this.
  • He further stated that the days of expansionist policies determining a nation’s strength are behind us and going forward development orientation and innovation will be the barometer of strength in a rapidly progressing world.
  • Notably, India as part of the G4 group along with Brazil, Germany and Japan, support each other’s bids for a permanent seat at the UN Security Council.

Reform of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) encompasses five key issues: categories of membership, the question of the veto held by the five permanent members, regional representation, the size of an enlarged Council and its working methods, and the Security Council-General Assembly relationship. The Member States, regional groups and other Member State interest groupings developed different positions and proposals on how to move forward on this contested issue. Any reform of the Security Council would require the agreement of at least two-thirds of UN member states in a vote in the General Assembly and must be ratified by two-thirds of Member States. All of the permanent members of the UNSC (which have veto rights) must also agree. One proposed change is to admit more permanent members. The candidates usually mentioned are Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan, the G4 nations that mutually support one another’s bids for permanent seats. The United Kingdom, France and Russia support G4 membership in the U.N. Security Council. This sort of reform has traditionally been opposed by the Uniting for Consensus group, which is composed primarily of nations who are regional rivals and economic competitors of the G4. The group is led by Pakistan (opposing India), Italy and Spain (opposing Germany), Mexico, Colombia, and Argentina (opposing Brazil), and South Korea (opposing Japan), in addition to Turkey, Indonesia and others. More Info