Taiwan President Rejects China’s “One Country, Two System” Formula

Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen rejected the political formula given by China by saying, “we would not accept a ‘one country, two systems‘ political formula that has been suggested to unify the democratic island; it has already failed in Hong Kong.

Crux of the Matter
  • Taiwan considers itself as an independent country called the Republic of China whereas China claims Taiwan as its territory and is trying it got under its control by force if necessary.
  • In the on-going election campaign, President Tsai vowed to defend Taiwan’s sovereignty, saying her government would build a mechanism to safeguard freedom and democracy.
  • After anti-government protests in Chinese-ruled Hong Kong, the fear of China has become a major topic in the election campaign.
  • Referring to the deteriorating situation in Hong Kong President Tsai considers ‘one country, two systems’ as the government’s abuse of power which is not feasible in Taiwan.
  • Taiwan parliament passed an anti-infiltration law on December 31 to combat threats from China.
  • The law aims to protect Taiwan’s democracy and cross-strait exchanges will not be affected amid worries that the legislation may damage business ties with China. 
  • Though President Tsai denies seeking independence and reiterated that she would not unilaterally change the status quo with China; it is suspected that her Democratic Progressive Party is pushing for the island’s formal independence.

Taiwan–China relationsare complex and controversial due to the dispute on the political status of Taiwan after the administration of Taiwan was transferred from Japan at the end of World War II in 1945 and the subsequent split of China into the above two in 1949 as a result of civil war, and hinges on two key questions: whether the two entities are two separate countries or two “regions” or parts of the same country that were split by civil war with rivalling governments, and whether the transfer of Taiwan to the Republic of China from Japan after being forced to give up Taiwan in the aftermath of World War II was legal. More Info