Timeline Of Events As They Happened Between Israel-Palestine

Timeline Of Events As They Happened Between Israel-Palestine

In its worst escalation in years, the conflict between Israel and Palestine has caused severe damage, with most casualties coming through air strikes. In that light, let’s quickly go through the events of the recent conflict, which, as per UN warning, could escalate into a “full-scale war”.

Crux of the Matter


  • April 2021: Protests began at the Al-Aqsa Mosque over Israeli plan to evict Palestinians from East Jerusalem.
  • 7th May: The protests became violent as Palestinians reportedly attacked Israeli police with stones, fireworks, etc. Israeli police retaliated with force, injuring 200+ Palestinians.
  • 8th and 9th May: The violent clashes between Palestinian protesters and Israeli police continued.
  • 10th May: After threat by Hamas, a fundamentalist group demanding Islamist Palestinian state, 200 rockets were fired on Israel by them.
  • 12th May: Israel has claimed that over 1,050 rockets have been fired on it from Gaza strip.
    In the strikes on Israel, an Indian woman named Soumya Santosh was among the people killed.
  • 12th May: Israel retaliated with air strikes. The death count from those air strikes stands at 43 as of 12th May, with the fight between the two groups continuing so far.

Read brief history of Israel-Palestine conflict by Summachar: Palestine Removed From Google Maps?
Read Summachar coverage of India-Israel relations: Israel Envoy Praises India’s Farm Bills

Ed Sheeran And Other Celebs In Sports

Ed Sheeran And Other Celebs In Sports

Ed Sheeran, who definitely doesn’t need an introduction, recently announced his tie up with a club for sponsoring their jersey. This is not new, for many celebs have not only done that but also have invested in sports teams (yes, that also includes IPL). In that way, let’s look at some celebs from across different genres having investment in sports.

Crux of the Matter

Ed Sheeran
English club Ipswich town recently made a ‘perfect’ announcement: singer Ed Sheeran will be their shirt sponsor for both men’s and women’s team.

Ipswich Town is a club in 3rd tier League One i.e., 2 divisions below Premier League. Artist Ed Sheeran is renowned for tracks like “Perfect”, “Shape of You”, “Photograph”, etc.

Sheeran Not The Only One
Most recently, metal band Iron Maiden had collaborated with West Ham for their away kit in 2019. However, several artists have not only sponsored jerseys but also invested in teams.

Stars Co-Owning Sports Teams

  • Justin Timberlake (Singer): Memphis Grizzlies (NBA Basketball)
  • Sir Elton John (Singer/Pianist): Watford FC (English Championship Football)
  • Bill Maher (Comedian/Political Commentator): New York Mets (Major League Baseball)
  • Jennifer Lopez (Singer): Miami Dolphins (National Football League)
    That club also has Fergie (Singer) as co-owner.
  • Ryan Reynolds and Rob McElhenney: Wrexham (National League [Wales])

Of course, India’s most known example is the renowned IPL, with celeb owners like

  • Juhi Chawla and Shah Rukh Khan: Kolkata Knight Riders (IPL)
  • Preity Zinta: Punjab Kings (IPL)

However, over time Indian celebs have diversified across different sports:

  • Abhishek Bachchan: Jaipur Pink Panthers (Pro Kabaddi League)
    He also owns Chennaiyin FC (ISL).
  • Ranbir Kapoor: Mumbai City FC (ISL)
  • Sonakshi Sinha: United Singhs (World Kabaddi League)
  • John Abraham: Delhi Waveriders (Hockey India League)
    He also owns Northeast United FC (ISL).
  • Akshay Kumar: Khalsa Warriors (World Kabaddi League)

  • Former President of USA, George W. Bush has a minor stake in the professional baseball team Texas Rangers. Bush funded the team with $500,000 for his share. 
  • Hollywood popstar Usher participated in a group purchase of the Cleveland Cavaliers. He made the purchase of his share of the NBA team in 2005, for $9 million.
  • Being from Toronto, Aubrey Graham more commonly known by the name of Drake supports the Toronto Raptors. He was once allowed to announce the team’s starting lineup.

How DRDO Is Acting As India’s Defence Against Covid

How DRDO Is Acting As India's Defence Against Covid

DRDO, India’s premier organization for defence research, has a rich history of indigenous innovation in the field. However, amidst Covid pandemic, it has upped its innovations to help citizens against the disease. With its most recent innovation being the anti-Covid drug, let’s look at that and some other contributions.

Crux of the Matter

Recent Drug Approval
DGCI recently gave emergency approval to anti-Covid drug developed by DRDO. The drug was developed in collaboration with:

  • Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences of DRDO.
  • Dr Reddy’s Laboratories (DRL), Hyderabad.

The drug 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) is to be taken orally after mixing in water.

[The drug] helps in faster recovery of hospitalised patients and reduces supplemental oxygen dependence. Higher proportion of patients treated with 2-DG showed RT-PCR negative conversion in COVID patients.

PIB release

Other DRDO Innovations To Fight Covid
The other innovations, initiatives and measures undertaken by the organisation to help the citizens fight the virus include:

COVSACK (COVID Sample Collection Kiosk)

  • Patient goes inside kiosk.
  • Sample taken from outside with shielding screen and built-in gloves.
  • Completely automatic disinfection.

DRUVS (Defence Research Ultraviolet Sanitiser)

  • Contactless cabinet as working on sensors.
  • 360 degree exposure to objects inside.
  • Useful for sanitising laptops, phones, papers, etc.

Medical Oxygen Plants (MOP)

  • Based on oxygen generation system used in fighter aircraft Tejas.
  • Capacity: 1,000 litres oxygen/minute.
  • Catering to 190 patients at a time.
  • 2 plants set up in Delhi – 500 more expected around the country.

Covid Hospitals

  • Most notably, DRDO has set up several Covid hospitals across country.
  • These beds have oxygen support, while some are kept with ventilators.

Some of the cities where the hospitals are present (along with number of beds) is as follows:

  • Ahmedabad: 900 beds.
  • Delhi: 500 beds.
  • Patna: 500 beds.
  • Lucknow: 500 beds.

Several more such hospitals around the country expected soon.

  • BrahMos is the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world. DRDO along with Russia’s NPO Mashinostroyeniya created the ‘BrahMos’ supersonic missiles.
  • Siachen Glacier is the world’s highest battlefield, controlled by the Indian army. It is at a height of 5400 metres above sea level.
  • The motto of DRDO is “Balasya Mulam Vigyanam”. It means “Strength’s Origin is in Knowledge”.

Australia, NZ And The Oceanic Equation With China

Australia, NZ And The Oceanic Equation With China

China recently cancelled its economic dialogue with Australia amidst continuous conflict since the pandemic started. Meanwhile, New Zealand, Australia’s Oceanic neighbour, who normally has a different stance on China, recently recognized China’s Uighur rights violation though with a caveat. In that light, let’s look at the equation between the three and how they respond to China differently.

Crux of the Matter

What Happened Recently
China indefinitely halted ‘China-Australia Strategic Economic Dialogue’. It was done just after Australia cancelled Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) project between its state Victoria and China.

Across In New Zealand
NZ officially recognized human rights abuse of Uighurs in Xinjiang of China. However, it didn’t recongize it as ‘genocide’ on demand of PM Jacinda Ardern’s party. Still, the move alleviated widespread accusation of NZ ignoring China’s violations.

A Tale Of Two Countries
Oceanic nations Australia and New Zealand have widely differed in response to China. Generally, the former has more aggressive policy.

Australian Policy

  • Australia was among the 1st to ban Huawei and ZTE 5G of China in 2018 over ‘security issues’.
  • It was also among the nations not working with China’s Belt and Road Initiative and had in fact cancelled the one between its state Victoria and China.
  • The big ‘dent’ came in 2020, when Australia called for independent investigation into Coronavirus origin.
  • In turn, China, Australia’s biggest trade partner, imposed heavy sanctions on its exports like 80% on Barley, 200% on wine etc.
  • Chinese investment in Australia also decreased by 61%.

New Zealand

  • Analysts claim NZ is more pro-China in policies than Australia.
  • New Zeland was the 1st developed nation to sign ‘Free Trade Agreement’ with China in 2008.
  • Notably, NZ was the 1st ‘Five Eyes’ group country to join China’s BRI.
  • The country also refused joint condemnation of Uighur conditions with Five Eyes group.

Five Eyes is an intelligence sharing group formed in WW2. The countries members if this group are Australia, Canada, NZ, UK and US.


  • Australia and NZ have China as their biggest trade partner which leads to constraint on level of antagonism they can afford with China.
  • Both, although recognizing ‘rights violation’, refuse to recognize treatment of Uighurs as ‘genocide’.

  • The south China sea is an important trade route for transportation of crude oil. It creates the route from Arabian gulf to Thailand, Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, and Japan.
  • The Nine-dash line is a self-defined demarcation line adopted by China. It is used by them for their claims of territorialization over major parts of south China sea.
  • Mineral deposits like titaniferous magnetite, zircon, monazite, tin, gold, and chromite are highly exploited in near shore regions in the South China sea.

After Losing Election How Can Mamata Banerjee Still Be CM?

After Losing Election How Can Mamata Banerjee Still Be CM?

Amidst political violence in the state, Mamata Banerjee has taken the oath as the West Bengal CM for the 3rd time. However, she lost her seat to Suvendu Adhikari of BJP in Nandigram, which led to questions as in how she can be the CM while losing her own seat. Yet, this is not the first time such case is happening. Let’s check out how it is possible and the previous instances.

Disclaimer: We condemn the indiscriminate violence occurring in the state. However, this post was made on the account of receiving several requests for explaining the ‘unelected CM’ phenomenon.

Crux of the Matter

Recent Elections
TMC won with 213 seats in the recent West Bengal elections. However, Mamata Banerjee lost to BJP’s Suvendu Adhikari on the Nandigram seat. And yet, she took oath as the Chief Minister for the 3rd consecutive time today.

Here’s How That Happened
Article 164 (4) of the Constitution says

A Minister who for any period of six consecutive months is not a member of the Legislature of the State shall at the expiration of that period cease to be a Minister

  • Simply put, Mamata Banerjee has to be elected to the State Legislature (Assembly/ Council) within 6 months via bypoll.
  • Bypoll occurs when a seat becomes empty in between the time of elections.
  • However, West Bengal does not have Legislative Council (state equivalent of Rajya Sabha). Therefore, the only route for her is to win direct (Legislative Assembly) elections.

Any Previous Instances?
Several actually:

  • Uddhav Thackeray – Maharashtra (2019).
  • Yogi Adityanath – UP (2017).
  • Nitish Kumar – Bihar (2000, 2005, 2010, 2015 {2}, 2017, 2020).

All 3 came from the Legislative Council, out of which only Nitish Kumar contested the Legislative Assembly once – elected once in 1985.

More Cases From The Past

  • Morarji Desai – Bombay State (1952).
  • C Rajagopalachari – Madras State (1952).
    Rajagopalachari was famously elected through the Legislative Council, being elected on the Madras Chambers of Commerce quota.
  • Tribhuvan Narayan Singh, CM of UP, lost the bypoll in 1970 and resigned soon. He was reportedly the 1st CM to lose in such bypoll.


  • 2009: Jharkhand CM Shibu Soren lost bypoll.
  • As per India Today, however, he “briefly toyed with the idea of clinging to power through reappointment to get a fresh lease of six months to get elected”.
  • His resignation came amidst strong pressure from opposition then.

  • Mamata Banerjee was the first ever woman Minister of Railways. She held the office twice, first in NDA from 1999-2001 and then in UPA, from 2009-11.
  • She is the 8th Chief Minister of West Bengal, succeeding Buddhadeb Bhattacharya. She was also the first female CM of the state.
  • Before Nandigram, she stood from Bhawanipur constituency in Kolkata