And The Oscar 2021 Goes to…

And The Oscar 2021 Goes To...

The winners for Oscar 2021 or the Academy Awards were recently announced. Let us have a look at the names of the winners.

Crux of the Matter

Here are the names of the winners for Oscars 2021:

  • Best Picture: Nomadland
  • Best Actor: Anthony Hopkins for The Father
  • Best Actress: Frances McDormand for Nomadland
  • Best Actor In A Supporting Role: Daniel Kaluyuu for Judas and the Black Messiah
  • Best Actress In A Supporting Role: Youn Yuh-jung for Minari
  • Best Director: Chole Zhao for Nomadland
    She is the first woman of color to win this Oscar award and only second woman to do so.
  • Best Sound: Sound of Metal
  • Best Visual Effects: Tenet
  • Best Cinematography: Mank
    Cinematography done by Erik Messerschmidt
  • Best Animated Feature Film: Soul
    It is the first Pixar movie to have a black person as lead.
  • Best International Feature Film: Another Round from Denmark

Get Your Facts Checked For Covid Second Wave

Get Your Facts Checked For Covid Second Wave

Can nebuliser replace oxygen cylinders? Did WHO warn India about the number of Covid cases this month? Multiple such claims have been doing rounds on popular social media platforms like WhatsApp and Facebook. Let’s debunk some of these and give you a reality dose in these trying times.

Crux of the Matter

Fact Versus Reality
A lot of facts go around the social media platforms about Covid-19 and most of the time these facts are far away from the actual reality. These facts can be misleading and create confusion. Let us have a look at some of the facts doing rounds and the actual truth about them.

Final Thoughts
In these difficult times, look out for reliable sources like the Press Information Bureau before believing any of the claims circulating on social media.

  • RT-PCR has risen to become the benchmark technology for the detection and/or comparison of RNA levels. Due to its simplicity, specificity and sensitivity, RT-PCR is used in a wide range of applications from experiments as simple as quantification of yeast cells in wine to more complex uses as diagnostic tools for detecting infectious agents. 
  • On 11 February 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) named the disease “COVID-19”, which is short for coronavirus disease 2019.

Separation Of Ukraine From Soviet Union And It’s Conflict With Russia

Separation Of Ukraine From Soviet Union And It's Conflict With Russia

Ukraine and Russia have recently been in news over the increasing tensions between them. Ukraine had been a part of the Soviet Union before becoming independent. In regards to this, let us know more about the country and its conflict with Russia.

Crux of the Matter

Formation Of The Soviet Union
The Soviet Union the United Socialist Soviet Republic (USSR) emerged after the 1921 civil war in Russia. It was the largest country in the world. It comprised of 15 soviet republics including Russia.The state was under Communist rule and Vladimir Lenin had emerged as the leader of the Soviet State.

Breakdown Of The Soviet Union

  • Several social, economic and political problems paved way for the collapse of the Soviet Union.
  • The Policy of Glasnost introduced by Mikhail Gorbachev allowed for the first time participation of other parties for election.
  • Using this new freedom, several republics started independence movement.
  • In 1991, a coup was staged but it failed. Gorbachev had been put under house arrest.
  • By then, several republics became independent and Soviet Union was officially dissolved in December, 1991.

    15 separate countries emerged after the Soviet Union dissolved- Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.

Major Events In Ukraine After Independence

  • 1991: Ukraine became independent.
  • 1994: It joined NATO’s Partnership for Peace agreement.
  • 2004: Orange Revolution took place and mass protests happened after pro-Russian candidate won the presidential elections. Re-elections happened where Viktor Yushchenko won.
  • 2006: Russia shut off gas supply to Ukraine causing economic slowdown.
  • 2008: Talks between Ukraine and European Union (EU) began.
  • 2010: Pro-Russian candidate Viktor Yanukovych became the President.
  • 2013- Ukraine withdrew from talk with EU leading to protests in the country.

Conflict Between Ukraine And Russia

  • The relationship between Ukraine and Russia became strained in 2014 after Russia took control of Crimea, and seized parts of Donetsk and Luhansk.
  • EU and US imposed sanctions on Russia. NATO and the Western governments have accused Russia of sending regular troops into Ukraine.
  • Tensions escalated in April, 2021 after a Ukranian soldier was killed in a fight between Ukranian and pro-Russian separatists.
  • It is being expected that Russia will soon have more than 120,000 troops on Ukraine’s border.
  • It is estimated that more than 10,000 people have been killed so far.

  • In 1863, use of the Ukrainian language in print was effectively prohibited by the Russian Empire. This severely curtailed literary activity in the area, and Ukrainian writers were forced to either publish their works in Russian or release them in Austrian controlled Galicia.
  • Following Lenin’s death in 1924, Joseph Stalin came to power. Stalin suppressed all political opposition to his rule inside the Communist Party and inaugurated a command economy. 
  • The USSR took an early lead in the Space Race with the first ever satellite and the first human spaceflight. In the 1970s, there was a brief détente of relations with the United States, but tensions resumed when the Soviet Union deployed troops in Afghanistan in 1979.

Understanding Uniform Civil Code Of India

Uniform Civil Code (UCC) recently came into limelight after Chief Justice of India S A Bobde talked about it. In response to this, let us know more about UCC and the current status of it in the country.

Uniform Civil Code (UCC) recently came into limelight after Chief Justice of India S A Bobde talked about it. In response to this, let us know more about UCC and the current status of it in the country.

Crux of the Matter

What Is UCC?
The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) comes under Article 44 of the Constitution of India. According to UCC, there should only be one law in India, for matters such as marriage, divorce, inheritance and adoption and this should be applicable to all religious communities.

Article 44

  • Part IV of Article 44 states: “The state shall endeavour to secure the citizen a Uniform Civil Code throughout the territory of India”.
  • Article 44 corresponds with the Directive Principles of State Policy
  • While drafting the Constitution, B R Ambedkar wanted to implement UCC but due to lack of awareness amongst people and objection from religious groups, it was made volutary and included this is Article 44.

    Article 37 of the Constitution says that although there should be Uniform Civil Code in the country, its implementation is not mandatory.

Uniform Civil Code In Goa

  • However, Goa is the only Indian state that has a Uniform Civil Code but it is known as the common family law.
  • The code was introduced in the 19th century by the Portuguese as the Portuguese Civil Code.
  • Hence, in Goa, irrespective of the religion, everyone is bound by a common law related to marriage, succession, divorce.

Current Status Of UCC

  • The demand for UCC became a part of BJP’s election manifesto in 1998.
  • Bill to implement it across India was proposed in 2019 and 2020 but was not introduced in the parliament.
  • In March 2021, The Supreme Court asked for a reply from the central government on the need for gender and religion neutral inheritance and succession laws which comes under Unifrom Civil Code.

CJI Bobde’s Comment On Goa’s Uniform Civil Code
Outgoing Chief Justice of India (CJI), S A Bobde applauding the Uniform Civil Code of Goa said:

“Goa has what Constitution framers envisaged for India- a Uniform Civil Code. And I have had the great privilege of administering justice under that Code. It applies in marriage and succession, governing all Goans irrespective of religious affiliations.”

  • For maintaining law and order and communal harmony, British didn’t interfere with religious customs in the country. So Uniform Civil Code was never implemented. But Goa was a part of Portuguese India, so it has UCC.
  • The Islamic religious laws taken from the Quran and Hadith is called Sharia Law.
  • The Special Marriage Act, 1954, was implemented for anyone who wanted to have their marriage outside the realm of any specific religious personal law. The first such Act was the Act III of 1872, introduced by British jurist Henry Sumner Maine.

Famous Quotes By B R Ambedkar

Famous Quotes By B R Ambedkar

Popularly known as Babasaheb, B R Ambedkar’s birthday is celebrated as Ambedkar Jayanti in India. On his 130th birth anniversary, let us have a look at a few of his famous quotes.

Crux of the Matter

About Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar
Dr. B R Ambedkar was born on April 14, 1981, in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh into a Mahar (Dalit) caste. He fought for the rights of the dalits. He is called Father of the Indian Constitution because of his role in drafting the constitution. He was also the first Minister of Law and Justice in Independent India. He died on December 6, 1956.

Famous Quotes

  • “If I find the constitution being misused, I shall be the first to burn it.”
  • “It is not enough to be electors only. It is necessary to be law-makers; otherwise those who can be law-makers will be the master of those who can only be electors.”
  • “I measure the progress of a community by the degree of progress which women have achieved.”
  • Constitutional morality is not a natural sentiment. It has to be cultivated. We must realise that our people have yet to learn it. Democracy in India is only a top-dressing on an Indian soil which is essentially undemocratic.”
  • “Every Congressman who repeats the dogma of Mill that one country is not fit to rule another country must admit that one class is not fit to rule another class.”
  • Indians today are governed by two different ideologies. Their political ideal set in the preamble of the Constitution affirms a life of liberty, equality and fraternity. Their social ideal embodied in their religion denies them.”

  •  In 1990, the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, was posthumously conferred upon Ambedkar. 
  • Jai Bhim is a greeting used by followers of Ambedkar. Jai Bhim literally means “Victory to Bhim” referring to B. R. Ambedkar. 
  • Ambedkar opposed Article 370 of the Constitution of India, which granted a special status to the State of Jammu and Kashmir, and which was included against his wishes. On the day the article came up for discussion, Ambedkar did not reply to questions on it but did participate in other articles.