President’s Rule in Maharashtra

Since no party has been able to form the government in the state of Maharashtra even after 20 days of the poll results, State Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyari has recommended President’s Rule in the state in accordance with the Article 356 of the Constitution.

Crux of the Matter
  • In the Maharashtra assembly polls, BJP had acquired 105 seats, Shiv Sena 56, Congress 44 and NCP 54. Maharashtra assembly would require a majority, i.e 145 seats out of 288 for the formation of the state government.
  • With a row regarding distributing powers with the BJP, Shiv Sena had drawn back from forming a coalition with the ruling party.
  • A coalition between Shiv Sena, Sharad Powar’s NCP, and Congress is being mulled over. Leaders of Congress are in talks with Sena, with which Congress does not see eye-to-eye.
  • Governor Koshyari and Union Cabinet seek President’s Rule, while Shiv Sena has moved to Supreme Court against the Governor’s withhold of the three-day extension.

President Rule – In India, President’s rule is the suspension of state government and imposition of direct central government rule in a state. Under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, in the event that a state government is unable to function according to constitutional provisions, the Central government can take direct control of the state machinery. Subsequently, executive authority is exercised through the centrally appointed governor, who has the authority to appoint other administrators to assist them. Read More

Cyclone Bulbul Hits W.B. & Odisha

Originating from the Bay of Bengal, the very severe cyclone Bulbul hit the coasts of Eastern India and Bangladesh at an intensity of Category 2 hurricane, causing heavy rains and storm winds up to 135 kmph in the region. West Bengal and Odisha have been severely affected by the landfall of the cyclone.

Crux of the Matter
  • Cyclone Bulbul has taken the life of 7 people in the state of West Bengal. Deaths have been caused due to falling of trees.
  • No casualties have been reported from Odisha, but the cyclone did not fare Odisha completely as it damaged seasons standing crops in an area of around 2 lakh hectares. Also, Balasore district has been providing shelter to the cyclone-hit people from Baincha village.
  • Electricity and telecom services in the region have also been disrupted in the region. Although, power services are being gradually resumed.
  • Teams of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) have been clearing water loggings and tree blockages along with rescuing people to safer shelters.

Cyclone Bulbul – Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Bulbul is an active tropical cyclone which struck the Indian state of West Bengal at Category 2 hurricane-equivalent intensity and is currently a flood and storm surge threat to Bangladesh. Originating from the remnants of Severe Tropical Storm Matmo over the southern Bay of Bengal in early November, Bulbul slowly intensified into a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm. Read More

CEC Announces 5-Phased Assembly Elections in Jharkhand

Election Commission has announced the Jharkhand Assembly Election dates, beginning from 30th November and results on 23rd December 2019. The Election will take place in Five Phases. Chief Election Commissioner Sunil Arora also pronounced the Model Code of Conduct in the state.

Crux of the Matter
  • The Jharkhand State Assembly’s term expires on 5th January 2020. The BJP-ruled state will undergo Assembly polls from 30th November in 5 stages for 81 seats.
  • The dates for the elections are 30th November, 7th December, 12th December, 16th December, and 20th December.
  • The Chief Election Commissioner also added that Income-Tax personnel will be closely monitoring the election expenditure in the Naxalism-ridden state.
  • Ruling party BJP gave out a list of 52 candidates contesting in the election. CM Raghubir to contest from Jamshedpur (East).
  • In the coming elections, the pre-poll alliance of Congress, Rashtriya Janta Dal (RJD), and Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) will allow Congress to contest for 31 seats, RJD to contest for 7 seats, and JMM to contest for 43 seats.

Election Commission of India’s Model Code of Conduct is a set of guidelines issued by the Election Commission of India for the conduct of political parties and candidates during elections mainly with respect to speeches, polling day, polling booths, portfolios, election manifestos, processions, and general conduct. This set of norms has been evolved with the consensus of political parties who have consented to abide by the principles embodied in the said code in its letter and spirit. The Model Code of Conduct comes into force immediately on announcement of the election schedule by the commission for the need of ensuring free and fair elections. Read More

SWAYAM Portal to Make Education More Accessible in India

India’s Human Resource Development (HRD) Ministry on the occasion of the National Education Day today has launched the Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds (SWAYAM 2.0) portal with an aim to bring equity, accessibility, and quality to education in India using technology.

Crux of the Matter
  • With the help of 9 National Educational Co-ordinators, the SWAYAM platform would host a plethora of courses and lectures for the curriculum of Class 9 to Post-Graduation, accessible at no or minimal fee.
  • The portal will deliver education with the combined effort of AICTE, UGC, NPTEL, CEC, NCERT, IGNOU, NIOS, NITTTR, and IIMB.
  • SWAYAM will render education through video lectures, custom-made material available to be printed, online quizzes and tests, and an online discussion forum.
  • There is no fee for the courses delivered through the portal. However, for a certificate, a designated fee and examination will be required.
  • College and university students can get credit transfer for the approved courses as well.

SWAYAM or Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds is a programme of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India,that enables professors and faculties of centrally funded institutions like IITs, IIMs, Central University Of Haryana to offer online courses to citizens of India. All courses are offered free of cost under this programme, however fees are levied in case the learner requires a certificate. Read More

Indian Railways Conducts Recruitment Drive for 1.27 lakh Positions

In what is one of the world’s largest recruitment drive, Indian Railways received a mammoth 2.4 crore applications for 1.27 lakh posts that included assistant loco pilots (ALPs), technicians, junior engineer (JE), Chemical and Metallurgical Assistant (CMA), Depot Material Superintendent (DMS), etc. Railway Recruitment Board (RRB), for the recruitment drive that began in 2018, has deployed a flux of modern testing methods such as computer-based tests (CBT), physical tests, and medical tests.

Crux of the Matter
  • For the total vacancies of 64,371 for Assistant Loco Pilots (ALPs) and Technicians, 47.45 lakh applications were received.
  • There were 63,202 vacant positions for the Level-I posts and 1.9 crore applications were received for the same.
  • For the posts of ALP and Technicians, the first stage of the Computer-Based Test (CBT) was conducted in 33 shifts in 2018, while the second stage, for only ALPs, in 9 shifts. The attendance in the CBT was approximately 77% in the first stage and 84% in the second.
  • For Level-I posts, the CBT test was conducted in 152 shifts across 16 cities of India in just 51 days. Out of the 1.9 crore applicants, 61.71% appeared for the test.
  • For JE/DMS/CMA posts, the CBT was conducted in the month of May and June. Of the 24.75 lakh candidates appearing for the test in 35 shifts across 109 cities of India over a period of only 12 days, 62.5% were present.

Indian Railways (IR) is India’s national railway system operated by the Ministry of Railways. It manages the fourth largest railway network in the world by size, with a route length of 67,368-kilometre and total track length of 121,407-kilometre as of March 2017. The world’s eighth-largest employer, it had 1.308 million employees as of March 2017. Read More