Link Between Nikola Tesla And Vedas

Link Between Nikola Tesla And Vedas

Human beings are inherently curious, so our quest to discover “what is” will never end. After the popularity of our piece on ‘The Schrödinger And Upanishads Connect‘, we bring forth the sequel on how Nikola Tesla was inspired by the Vedas, Swami Vivekananda and his theory of free energy.

Crux of the Matter

What Are The Vedas?
Included in the Sanatan Dharma or “Eternal Order’, the Vedas are ancient, religious, Hindu texts written in Sanskrit. The term “veda” means “knowledge” and thus are thought to contain the fundamental information relating to the underlying cause of and personal response to existence.

Who Was Nikola Tesla?
Serbian-American physicist and engineer, Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) made several breakthroughs in the production, transmission and application of electric power. He was the inventor of the first alternating current (AC) motor and developed AC generation technology.

How Did He See The Universe?
Nikola described the universe as a kinetic system filled with energy which could be harnessed at any location.

All perceptible matter comes from a primary substance beyond conception, filling all space, the ‘akasha’. This is acted upon by the life-giving ‘Prana’, calling into existence, in never-ending cycles all things and phenomena.

Nikola Tesla, Man’s Greatest Achievement

What Is Prana?
Prana stands for the sum total of the energy that is in the universe. It is carried throughout our bodies via the Vayu (wind), which is responsible for transferring and channeling the energy. One of the eight limbs of yoga, Pranayama, is intended to expand prana.

What Is Akasha?
Akasha (sky) is a term used for space or æther in traditional Indian cosmology. It is one of the Panchamahabhuta, or “five elements” that make up the universe, i.e earth (prithvi), water (jal), fire (Agni), air (Vayu) and space (akash), with the main characteristic as Shabda (sound).

Where Did He Learn About These Terms?
As per the archive in the Nikola Tesla Museum, Tesla gained knowledge of the Vedic terms during his meetings with the learned Indian Monk, Swami Vivekananda, who is considered a key figure in the introduction of Vedanta and Yoga to the West.

So That Is How His ‘Free Energy’ System Was Envisioned?
Free energy or zero-point energy utilizes the substance that exists all around us and converts it into usable energy. Tesla proposed how this would give us a limitless source of energy. He further studied the possibility of wireless power transmission.

In one of his experiments, he used two large zinc sheets, suspended them from the auditorium ceiling and connected to a power source. Under low lighting, Tesla stepped between the sheets, holding a gas-filled tube in each hand.

The electrostatic field made the tubes glow as he told the captivated crowd how electric lights could be moved around, without being tethered to wires. He also proved he could power light bulbs from more than two miles away with a 140-foot Tesla coil in the 1890s.

Is Wardenclyffe Tower Linked To This?
Yes, it was also called the Tesla Tower that was built in New York. It was his experimental, wireless transmission station and he intended to transmit messages, telephony, and even facsimile images (reproduction of an old book) across the Atlantic to England. This was based on his theories of using the Earth to conduct the signals. The project’s primary backer, J. P. Morgan couldn’t fund additional investment from the one planned, so the project never became operational.

How Do We Use Wireless Power Now?
Wireless charging devices are being manufactured for cell phones and small electronic devices. A New Zealand-based startup, Emrod has developed a method of safely and wirelessly transmitting electric power across long distances without the use of copper wire, and is working on implementing it with their second-largest power distributor, Powerco. For reaching Tesla’s goal, we need to have a wireless network of power for anyone in the world to tap into.

Curiopedia
  • Emrod, a New Zealand based startup, developed a method of safely and wirelessly transmitting electric power across long distances without the use of copper wire. Work is under way to build a 40-meter demonstration system, although prototypes currently operate indoors at a distance of just 2 meters.
  • Wardenclyffe Tower, also known as the Tesla Tower, was an early experimental wireless transmission station designed and built by Nikola Tesla in New York in 1901–1902. Tesla intended to transmit messages across the Atlantic to England and to ships at sea based on his theories of using the Earth to conduct the signals. Although, due to lack of funding, the project was abandoned in 1906.
  • My Inventions: The Autobiography of Nikola Tesla is a book compiled and edited by Ben Johnston detailing the work of Nikola Tesla. The content was largely drawn from a series of articles that Nikola Tesla had written for Electrical Experimenter magazine in 1919, when he was 63 years old.

Can You Control Your Dreams?

Can You Control Your Dreams?

Yes, now we can. Researchers from MIT, Media Lab have introduced a method called Targeted Dream Incubation, which works with a wearable sleep device. So how do we sleep and how can this be helpful in changing the content of our dreams? Let’s dig deeper.

Crux of the Matter

Why Do We Dream?
Dreaming is thought of as hallucinated experience during sleep, which is possibly related to events from the prior day or older, often related, memories. However, the mechanism of its construction and function remain mostly unknown.

How Do We Sleep?
Sleep begins with a Non-REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep stage, cycles through the three Non-REM stages, and is followed by a REM period, which occurs 90 minutes after falling asleep. Dreams can be experienced in all stages of sleep but are most vivid in REM.

Is Sleep Important?
The way you feel when you are awake depends on what happens while you are sleeping.
During sleep, your body works with the brain to maintain your physical health. In children and teens, sleep also helps support growth and development. In fact, sleep deficiency is linked to an increased risk of heart disease, kidney disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity.

What Is The New Dream Study?
In a new paper, MIT researchers have introduced a method called Targeted Dream Incubation (TDI). It is implemented through an app, which works with a wearable sleep-tracking sensor device called Dormio.

Controlled Dream Experiences?
It helps record dreams and guides dreams toward particular themes by repeating targeted information as the user sleeps. This gets added as a new content in the ongoing dream/gives direction for the start of a dream.

What Does Dormio Do?
Individuals can still hear audio in Hypnagogia, the first stage of Non-REM, that let’s us transition from wakefulness to sleep. Dormio delivers audio cues based on our sleep data, at precise times in the sleep cycle, to make dream direction possible.

Dormio — i...
Source: Adam

What Were Some Interesting Results?
One of the subjects was given “Willie Wonka and the Chocolate Factory,” with an audio prompt as he slept. He started being in a chocolate waterfall. But as he was lactose intolerant, the waterfall was made of dark chocolate, a piece of information already in his subconsciousness.

How Is This Useful?
Upon awakening, a person’s guided dream content can be used to complete tasks like creative story writing, language learning and avoid nightmare related anxiety and help patients suffering from PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder). It can also help understand how dreams impact emotion, creativity, memory, and beyond.

Curiopedia
  • World Sleep Day is an annual event organized by the World Sleep Society since 2008. It is celebrated on the Friday before the March equinox.
  • The ancient Greeks were great believers in the restorative power of sleep. Hypnos, the god of sleep, was seen as the remover of all pain, suffering, and sorrow.
  • Sleep paralysis is a state, during waking up or falling asleep, in which a person is aware but unable to move or speak. During an episode, one may hallucinate, which often results in fear.

Aircraft From Airbus Set To Have Zero Emission!

Aircraft From Airbus Set To Have Zero Emission!

Global aviation industry has committed to cut carbon emissions to half their 2005 levels by 2050, as per the Paris Agreement for Climate Change. The Aerospace Pioneer, Airbus has now launched 3 new concepts for the world’s first zero-emission commercial aircrafts serviceable by 2035. So what is the tech behind it?

Crux of the Matter

What Is This Emission Free Fuel?
All 3 aircraft concepts proposed by Airbus use hydrogen gas or ZEROe fuel. So the only emission when burned, is water vapor. Hydrogen can be:

  • Combusted directly through modified gas turbine engines.
  • Converted to electric energy via fuel cells.
  • Used to produce synthetic kerosene, when combined with CO2.

What Is The Concept Of The First Aircraft
Also called the Short Haul Turboprop aircraft, it would be powered by a pair of modified gas turboprop engines, with six-bladed propellers, designed to burn liquid hydrogen. The aircraft also uses electric batteries charged by the engines, in order to give power boost to the engines when required.

  • Capacity: 100 passengers
  • Travel Distance: Upto 1,000 nautical miles or 1,850 km
  • Purpose: short-distance trips.

How Is It Different From The Current Models?
The seats at the back of the aircraft have been removed to make space for the hydrogen tanks, resulting in less passenger space. This results in less passenger space and is comparable to the Airbus A220-100 design.

Why Is Tank Design Crucial?
Hydrogen becomes liquid at -425 °F, so the tank will have to be designed to ensure that temperature is maintained from takeoff to landing.

What’s The Concept Of Second Airbus?
It’s the Transcontinental Turbofan aircraft and would be the fitting successor of Airbus A320. As with the prior model, the liquid hydrogen fuel in this aircraft would be stored in tanks installed behind the rear pressure compartment, and distributed to the engines on the wings.

  • Capacity: 120-200 passengers
  • Travel Distance: Upto 2000 nautical miles or 3700 km
  • Purpose: Longer distance trips, for going across the Atlantic Ocean.

What If There Is A Gas Leak?
There is a chimney built into the vertical stabilizer to vent the hydrogen gas in case of a leak. A stabilizer is a structure designed to reduce aerodynamic side slip and provide directional stability.

The Most Unusual One – Third Aircraft Concept
Also called the Blended Wing Aircraft, it looks like a giant flying wing. This configuration has been tested with Airbus’ MAVERIC demonstrator.

  • Capacity: 200 passengers
  • Travel Distance: 3700 km.

What’s Great About This Design?
While the other two models look like conventional passenger jets, this aircraft has wings that merge with a fuselage or main body of the aircraft that is much wider. This allows more room and efficient configuration options to accommodate more passengers and store and distribute hydrogen fuel.

Look Forward To More Aerospace Partnerships
One of the airlines, easyJet has already publicly supported the ZEROe concepts and has started working in partnership with Airbus to research more about hybrid and electric aircraft designs and infrastructure.

Curiopedia
  • The Airbus A380 is a wide-body aircraft manufactured by Airbus. It is the world’s largest passenger airliner. The A380 project was announced in 1990 to challenge the dominance of the Boeing 747 in the long haul market.
  • The Volkswagen emissions scandal began in 2015, when the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a notice of violation of the Clean Air Act to the Volkswagen Group. The agency had found that Volkswagen had intentionally programmed turbocharged direct injection (TDI) diesel engines to activate their emissions controls only during laboratory emissions testing.
  • Fly-by-wire is a system that replaces the conventional manual flight controls of an aircraft with an electronic interface. Airbus’ A320, was known for being the first commercial jet to use a digital fly-by-wire control system.

Made In India, Microprocessor Moushik

Made In India, Microprocessor Moushik

Researchers from IIT-Madras have successfully developed ‘MOUSHIKMicroprocessor. It is said to be an integral part of Smart Cities of a Digital India and would be useful in rapidly growing IoT devices. So what are its features? How was it conceptualized? Let’s find out.

Crux of the Matter

What Is Moushik?
It is a processor cum SoC (system on a chip) and is part of the SHAKTI free and open source silicon project. It was conceptualised and developed at PS-CDISHA of the Reconfigurable Intelligent Systems Engineering (RISE) Group of IIT Madras.

So It Is Made in India?
Yes. The processor and Motherboard design is done by IIT Madras. The foundry-specific backend design and fabrication were done at ISRO, Chandigarh. The motherboard “Ardonyx 1.0” was made in Bengaluru. A truly made in India microprocessor!

What is System on Chip?
An SoC is a circuit that integrates most components of a computer like CPU, GPU memory, input/output (I/O) ports, and secondary storage, in a single microchip of the size of a coin. It is used in mobile phones, wearable devices, streaming sticks, etc.

What is Moushik Made of?
It was made using 180-nanometer technology and has 103 functional Input Output Ports, which are memory addresses used by software to communicate with the hardware on a computer.

Where All Can It Be Used?
Moushik has a Core Voltage of 1.8v and Input-Output Voltage of 3.3v, with a speed of 100Mhz speed that can cater to small home appliances. It can be useful in credit cards, Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs), surveillance cameras, amongst other IoT Devices.

What About The Cost?
India needs billions of such chips for various purposes. So if there is an order for one million units, its cost can be reduced to even $1 per chip

What Are The Future Plans?
According to the developers, these microprocessors are at par with the industry standard. Thus, indigenous brands and startups can use them in their products and minimize the usage of imported systems.

Strategic Sectors To Gain Too
The Moushik microprocessors’ development will help in strategic sectors like defense, nuclear power installations, and Government Agencies.

Curiopedia
  • Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Limited (TSMC) is a Taiwanese multinational semiconductor contract manufacturing and design company. It is one of the world’s most valuable semiconductor companies and the world’s largest dedicated independent semiconductor foundry.
  • Gordon Earle Moore is an American businessman, engineer, and the co-founder and chairman emeritus of Intel Corporation. He is also the author of Moore’s law.
  • The Turing Award is an annual prize given for contributions “of lasting and major technical importance to the computer field”. It is generally recognized as the highest distinction in computer science, or the “Nobel Prize of Computing”. The award is named after Alan Turing, who is often credited as being the key founder of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence.

Stubble Burning Creating Chaos

Stubble Burning Creating Chaos

As per a survey by the Delhi government, 2019‘s stubble burning accounted for 44% of the city’s air pollution and that Punjab burnt 9 million tonnes of such stubble in the same year. So what is stubble? How is burning it causing this high level damage to air? Moreover, what measures are being taken to combat it?

Crux of the Matter

What Is Stubble Burning?
It is the practice of purposefully setting fire to the straw stubble or crop residue that remains after grains, like paddy, wheat, etc., have been harvested by farmers.

Why Is It Done?
Burning stubble helps in killing pests like slugs that can cause damage to growing crops and reduces nitrogen tie-up, which causes the growth of yellow wheat. For the farmers, the turnaround time is reduced between harvesting and sowing for the winter crop.

Are There Any Ill-Effects?
Yes. Burning stubble also leads to the emission of greenhouse gases that contributes to global warming, increased levels of particulate matter, leading to air pollution and smog, which in turn cause health hazards. Moreover if done excessively, it also reduces soil fertility and causes fires.

What’s The Link Of Delhi’s Air Quality With This?
Scientists at India Meteorological Department (IMD) report that due to north-westerly winds blowing across Delhi, the smoke from Punjab and Haryana will directly be carried to the city, deteriorating the air quality there.

What Does The Delhi Government Say?
Their data shows that last year’s stubble burning accounted for 44% of the city’s air pollution. Delhi’s environment minister Gopal Rai said that Punjab produced 20 million tonnes of crop stubble out of which 9 million tonnes were burnt last year. In Haryana, 1.23 million tonnes of the 7 million tonnes of stubble were burnt by farmers.

What Does SC Say?
Supreme Court-mandated Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority (EPCA) has written to the chief secretaries of Punjab and Haryana, asking to control these cases. EPCA chief Bhure Lal says it is imperative that early action is taken, in order to control possible fires ahead of the wintertime and the annual pollution spike in Delhi.

What Are The States Doing Now?
Punjab Pollution Control Board (PPCB) has said that monitoring teams are keeping a close watch on violators of stubble burning. Meanwhile Delhi CM, Arvind Kejriwal met scientists at the Indian Agriculture Research Institute (IARI) for a live demonstration of a new machine called Pusa decomposer.

How Will Pusa Decomposer Work?
Made up of a set of 4 tablets, composed of extracted fungi strains, the decomposer will help the stubble decompose at a comparatively faster rate. Farmers can then shred the straw and spray a solution that contains the fungal strains mixed with the soil. It has an estimated cost of ₹20 per acre, which can deal with, up to 5 tonnes of raw straw.

Curiopedia
  • Slash-and-burn agriculture is a farming method that involves the cutting and burning of plants in a forest or woodland to create a field called a swidden. In India, the practice is known as jhum or jhoom.
  • “The Great Green Wall of Aravalli” is a 1,600 km long green ecological corridor along Aravalli range from Gujarat to Delhi. The corridor is meant to act as a buffer against pollution, 51% of which is caused by industrial pollution, 27% by vehicles, 8% by crop burning and 5% by diwali fireworks.
  • An air quality index (AQI) is used by government agencies to communicate to the public how polluted the air currently is or how polluted it is forecast to become. Different countries have their own air quality indices, corresponding to different national air quality standards. The National Air Quality Index (AQI) was launched in New Delhi on September 17, 2014, under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.