With farmer protests continuing against provisions of the new Farm Bills, let us look at some lesser talked details in the bills.
Crux of the Matter
The Farmers (Empowerment And Protection) Agreement On Price Assurance And Farm Services Act, 2020
Section 6 (3a)
- Applicable on a farming agreement concerning “seed production”.
- Sponsor obliged to pay at least 2/3rd of the decided amount at delivery time.
- Remaining amount to be paid after due certification – not later than 30 days of delivery.
Prohibits sponsors from
- Buying, mortgaging, or leasing farmer’s land.
- Creating a permanent structure on farmer’s land. Allowed only if Sponsor agrees to and funds the removal of a structure at end of the agreement period.
Section 12 (1)
- Provision for “electronic registry” for facilitating registration of farming agreements.
Section 14 (1)
- Parties may approach sub-divisional Magistrate if dispute not settled within 30 days.
- No provision for Civil Court to admit any suit where “Sub-Divisional Authority” settles the dispute.
The Farmers’ Produce Trade And Commerce (Promotion And Facilitation)
Section 4 (3)
- Trader required to pay for farmers’ produce on the same day or within 3 working days.
- Subject to the condition that delivery receipt (mentioning payment amount due) given to farmer on the same day.
- No market fee under the APMC Act or any other law on any farmers, traders, or electronic trading platform for trade outside APMC.
- No legal action against Central/State Govt or any Central/State officer for anything done “in good faith” under the Act.
Read more about the opposition and reactions to the farm bills here.
- Norman Borlaug was an American agronomist who led initiatives worldwide that contributed to the extensive increases in agricultural production termed the Green Revolution. Borlaug was awarded multiple honors for his work, including the Nobel Peace Prize.
- The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous body responsible for coordinating agricultural education and research in India. It is the largest network of agricultural research and education institutes in the world.
- Vedic literature provides some of the earliest written records of agriculture in India. Rigveda hymns, for example, describe plowing, fallowing, irrigation, fruit, and vegetable cultivation. Other historical evidence suggests rice and cotton were cultivated in the Indus Valley, and plowing patterns from the Bronze Age have been excavated at Kalibangan in Rajasthan.