Perks Of Indian Parliamentarians

Perks Of Indian Parliamentarians

Finnish PM Sanna Marin was in news about her use of government money for funding family breakfast. Did you know that Indian parliamentarians also get a lot of additional perks and benefits. Let’s have a look at the various perks received by current and retired MPs.

Crux of the Matter

Finnish PM Case
Finnish PM Sanna Marin was under scrutiny as her family’s breakfast was being subsidised by taxpayers money. She pledged to pay $17,000 back to the country.

In that light, let us look at the salaries and perks that Indian Parliamentarians get.

Salary

  • Monthly Salary: ₹1,00,000.
  • Daily allowance: ₹2000 (provided the Parliamentary register is signed).
  • Constitution allowance and office expense: ₹70,000 & ₹60,000 respectively.

Travel

  • Air Travel: Allowed up to 34 free air travels for official duties with spouse/companion. Out of these, spouse/companion can use up to 8 to travel alone to meet the member.
  • Rail Travel: 1 non-transferable ticket to travel in first-class or executive class. 1 two-tier ticket for spouse/companion.

Accommodation

  • Transit Accommodation – A temporary lodging provided for a newly elected member in Delhi .
  • Regular Accommodation – Provided with rent-free housing throughout the term.
  • Guest Accommodation – Accommodation at Western Court Hostel, Janpath provided to the guests. 

Telephone

  • Three telephones with 50,000 free local calls each.
  • Two mobile phone connection of MTNL/BSNL connection or any private with national roaming.
  • Optional 3G facility offered by MTNL/BSNL.

Water And Electricity

  • 4,000 kilolitre of free water.
  • 50,000 units of free electricity.

Advance Allowance
Up to ₹4,00,000 as advance can be taken by a member for conveyance purchases.

Income Tax
Salary and allowances of MP comes under “income from other sources”. Hence, they are exempted from paying income tax.

Food
For instance, a veg thali and a chicken biryani cost ₹100 each in the Parliament canteen.

Pension

  • Pension of ₹25,000 per month.
  • Additional pension of ₹2,000 per month for every year after 5 years.

Curiopedia
  1. Shabnam “Mausi” Bano is the first transgender Indian to be elected as a MLA. She was an elected member of the Madhya Pradesh State Legislative Assembly from 1998 to 2003, while transgender people were first given voting rights in 1994.
  2. In the 17th Legislative Assembly a BJP legislator from Keonjhar constituency, Chandrarani Murmu, became the country’s youngest member when she was 25 years, 11 months and nine days. Shafiqur Rahman Barq of SP from Sambhal constituency became the oldest member at the age of 86.
  3. Indrajit Gupta was the longest-serving member having been elected eleven times to the Lok Sabha. The only time he lost an election was when he lost to Ashok Krishna Dutt in 1977 following the CPI-supported Emergency.

A Brief History Of Horror Genre In Films

A Brief History Of Horror Genre In Films

Conjuring 3 released on 4th June, adding another accomplishment in the universe of horror flick cap. Horror films have been a part of cinema since the time movie industry began in the late 19th century. Let’s have a look at the history of this genre. 

Crux of the Matter

What Is Horror Genre?
This genre has its roots in literature. It seeks to elicit fear and suspense through disturbing and dark subjects. There are several types which are: supernatural, psychological, slasher and science fiction.

First Horror Film

  • 1896 movie Le Manoir du Diable by Georges Melies.
  • It is also known as The House of the Devil.
  • It released as The Haunted Castle in US and The Devil’s Castle in Britain.

Era Of Adaptations

  • The early 20th Century saw a lot of adaptations.
  • Filmmakers turned towards literature classics like Frankenstein for material.
  • First horror film adaptation: Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1908) 

The Golden Age

  • 1920s and 1930s considered the finest ages of the genre.
  • During the 30s, the word “horror” as a genre was used first time in the industry.
  • Classic films like Nosferatu (1922), The Mummy (1932) and others were produced.
  • Freaks (1932) underwent heavy censoring, and was banned for 30 years in UK.

The 1950s

  • Themes of invasion, radioactive mutation became prevalent.
  • Example: War of the Worlds (1953), Godzilla (1954).

The World Of Alfred Hitchcock

  • He is known as the Master of Suspense.
  • Responsible for establishing the slasher genre. 
  • Produced horror films from 40s to 70s.
  • His film Psycho (1960) is considered one of the most impactful horror films.

The Conjuring Universe

  • The films under this banner have defined a whole decade of horror movies.
  • The timeline in the films is between 1952-1981.
  • The universe has 7 films with Conjuring 3 being the 8th installment.
  • First film of the franchise: The Conjuring (2013)

Curiopedia
  1. “The Silence of the Lambs” is the only horror movie that has won an Oscar for best picture. It was directed by Jonathan Demme and the movie Hannibal was made as its sequel.
  2. The first real horror movie made and released in the Indian film industry was Kamal Amrohi’s Mahal in 1949. The film starred Ashok Kumar and Madhubala in leading roles and was a major box office hit and led Madhubala and Lata Mangeshkar into stardom.
  3. Goosebumps, the series of books authored by best-selling children’s author R. L. Stine was recently adapted into a horror comedy film and released in 2015. It was directed by Rob Letterman and starred Jack Black as R. L. Stine.

In Pics: Brand Rivalry Via Promotions

In Pics: Brand Rivalry Via Promotions

Taking jabs at rival brands has been one of the most effective technique to gain public traction and visibility. It is always amusing to see how creatively brands promote their own products by trolling their competitor’s offering. Read the story to know about some of the quirky marketing tactics adopted by these well known names.

Crux of the Matter

Let’s look at some of the brand rivalries and quirky marketing tactics adopted by these well known names.

Burger King And McDonald

Zomato And Swiggy

Pepsi V/S Coca-Cola

Mercedes And Jaguar

Samsung And Apple

Durex And Others

Curiopedia
  1. Puma and Adidas, the two famous sports brands, have originated from the same household in a german village of Herzogenaurach, Germany. Founded by brothers Rudolf Dassler and Adolf Dassler, the brands are known for their hierarchical rivalry which leads back to the village being separated into two parts with two ideologies relocating.
  2. Burger King and McDonald’s is a prominent example of brand rivalries in the restaurant chain industry. McDonald’s yearly turnover for the fiscal year of 2020 was nearly 19.21 billion U.S. dollars, while Burger King had a turnover of 1.6 billion U.S. dollars.
  3. The great cola wards between pepsi and coke started in the 1980s and till this date a lot of marketing campaigns are used to put down the opposition. Brazilian footballer Ronaldinho had lost a contract of £500,000 a year  as an ambassador for Coke after he was seen drinking Pepsi at a press conference.

Zerodha Founders May Get Pay Cheque of ₹100 Cr Each

Zerodha Founders May Get Pay Cheque of ₹100 Cr Each

Fat remuneration cheques are on the way for Zerodha founding brothers Nithin and Nikhil Kamath and director Seema Patil Kamath. Nithin Kamath claimed that being a bootstrapped unicorn, the only way to encash their glaring success was via increasing their salaries. With the revised salary structures, the Kamaths will be placed amongst the highly paid executives in Indian corporates. What are your thoughts on this? Let us know in the comments below.

Crux of the Matter

Salary
Seema Patil, the newly appointed whole-time director and Nithin Kamath’s wife, will also be paid up to ₹100 cr. The entire Kamath family will be taking a lump sum amount up to ₹300 cr, making them the highest paid co founders and directors amongst Indian startups.

Zerodha Background

  • Zerodha’s revenue for FY ‘20 scaled to a whopping ₹1000 cr, while its profits for the same period stood at ₹442 cr.
  • Currently, Zerodha hosts 5 million users on its platform and manages 15% of India’s total trade volume.
  • It is India’s only profitable bootstrapped unicorn that never raised external funds. The only way for founders to encash their success is via salaries/dividends.
  • Moreover, Zerodha will buy back ESOPs worth $25 million at a valuation of $2 billion.

Salary Of Other Indian Startup Founders

Curiopedia
  • The name Zerodha is a combination of the words ‘Zero’ and ‘Rodha’. ‘Rodha’ is a Sanskrit word for barrier, so Zerodha means Zero Barriers.

Amul-Peta India’s War Of Words Over Vegan Milk

Amul-Peta India's War Of Words Over Vegan Milk

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals India (Peta India) recently wrote a letter to Amul to switch to vegan milk. Amul in response highlighted the employment created by their co-operative model. Previously, Amul had also issued statement denying soya beverages to be milk products. Let’s have a look at what all happened. And remember to let us know your views on the matter in the comments below.

Crux of the Matter

Recent News
Recently, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals India (Peta India), wrote a letter to Amul suggesting them to switch to producing vegan milk. In response, Amul MD, R S Sodhi criticised their suggestion.

PETA India

We would again like to encourage Amul to benefit from the booming vegan food and milk market, instead of wasting resources trying to fight the demand for plant-based products that is only growing.

PETA India

The letter by PETA India also gave examples of global companies like Nestle amongst others to show shift towards vegan products.

Response by R S Sodhi

R S Sodhi accused PETA of trying to snatch away the livelihood of farmers by using the “farmers money to market genetically modified Soya of rich MNC at exorbitant prices”.

Previously
Amul had earlier published an ad which said that soya beverages including other plant-based products are not milk. PETA, Sharan India and Beauty Without Cruelty filed complaints against this. However, the ASCI had dismissed these complaints.

Curiopedia
  • With 22 percent of global milk production, India is the world’s largest milk producer. It is followed by the US, China, Pakistan, and Brazil in the list of top producers of milk in terms of quantity.