Recently archaeologists stumbled upon remains of what they say is largest ancient city ever found in Egypt. Discovered near Luxor, home of the legendary Valley of the Kings, the city is estimated to be 3,000 years old. Talking about Egyptian marvels, ever wondered how their pyramids were constructed? Let’s quench that thirst.
Crux of the Matter
The Great Pyramid Of Giza
It is the largest of the pyramids in the pyramid complex in present-day Giza in Greater Cairo, Egypt. Made for pharaoh Khufu, the 139 m pyramid is the oldest of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World.
What Went Inside It?
- Built: Using 2.3 million stones weighing overall 6 million tonnes.
- Stones used: Local limestone from the Giza Plateau, white limestone from Tura, and granite blocks from Aswan
- Estimated time: 27 years to build by 100,000 workers, as per historian Herodotus.
Ramping It Up
Archaeologists suggest that a ramp or a series of ramps made of earth or brick may have helped workers lift and place stone as the pyramids rose from the desert.
Sledges For The Workers
As per a team of physicists, to move the stones over land, large sledges were pushed or pulled by workers. The sand in front of the sledge was dampened with water to reduce friction, making it easier to move the sledge.
Pathway To Afterlife?
Pyramids were built for religious purposes as Egyptians believed in an afterlife. When the physical body expired, the ka or the spiritual double enjoyed eternal life.
- The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World is a list of constructions of classical antiquity given by various authors in guidebooks or poems popular among ancient Hellenic tourists. Of the original Seven Wonders, only one—the Great Pyramid of Giza, oldest of the ancient wonders—remains relatively intact.
- The Great Pyramid of Cholula is a huge complex located in Cholula, Mexico. It is the largest archaeological site of a pyramid (temple) in the New World, as well as the largest pyramid by volume known to exist in the world today.
- An Egyptologist is any archaeologist, historian, linguist, or art historian who specializes in Egyptology, the scientific study of Ancient Egypt and its antiquities.