SC Rules in Favour of Ram Temple after Decades of Ayodhya Dispute

Crux of the Matter
  • The long-standing verdict of the dispute between Ramjanmbhoomi and Babri Masjid regarding the 2.77 acre land in Ayodhya was given today by a unanimous decision of 5-0 by the Supreme Court bench of five judges – Head CJI Ranjan Gogoi, Justice S Abdul Nazeer, Justice S A Bobde, Justice D Y Chandrachud, and Justice Ashok Bhushan.
  • On November 9th, 2019, the bench announced that the entire disputed land will now be handed over for the construction of the Ayodhya Ram temple.
  • Whereas, a 5-acre land in a prominent location in Ayodhya would be awarded to Muslims for the construction of a mosque.
  • The Apex Court announced the formation of a Trust for the development of the temple at the site, until which the possession of the land will belong to the Centre.
  • The third party of the petition, Nirmohi Akhara, which claimed the shebait rights (managerial rights) of the land, was dismissed on account of time barring. The SC might include them in the Trust.
  • While maintaining the demolition of Babri Masjid in 1992 as illegal, the apex court also stated that the religious faith of the people has to be respected as well.
  • The Judges have pronounced the decision also considering the evidence presented by the Archeological Survey of India that said there was a structure built before Babri Masjid.

Ram Janmabhoomi (“Ram’s Birthplace”) is the name given to the site that is the birthplace of Rama, the 7th avatar of the Hindu deity Vishnu. The Ramayana states that the location of Rama’s birthplace is on the banks of the Sarayu river in a city called “Ayodhya”. A section of Hindus claim that the exact site of Rama’s birthplace is where the Babri Masjid once stood in the present-day Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh. According to this theory, the Mughals demolished a Hindu shrine that marked the spot, and constructed a mosque in its place. People opposed to this theory state that such claims arose only in the 18th century, and that there is no evidence for the spot being the birthplace of Rama. The political, historical and socio-religious debate over the history and location of the Babri Mosque, and whether a previous temple was demolished or modified to create it, is known as the Ayodhya dispute. More Info

Babri Masjid was a mosque in Ayodhya, India at a site believed to be the birthplace of Hindu deity Rama. It has been a focus of dispute between the Hindu and Muslim communities since the 18th century. According to the mosque’s inscriptions, it was built in 1528–29 by a general Mir Baqi, on orders of the Mughal emperor Babur. The mosque was attacked and demolished by Karsevaks in 1992 and ignited communal violence across the country. The mosque was located on a hill known as Ramkot (“Rama’s fort”). According to Hindus, Baqi destroyed a pre-existing temple of Rama at the site. The existence of the temple itself is a matter of controversy. In 2003, a report by the Archaeological Survey of India suggested that there appears to have existed an old structure at the site. The name “Babri Masjid” comes from the name of the Mughal emperor Babur, who is said to have ordered its construction. Before the 1940s, it was called Masjid-i Janmasthan (“mosque of the birthplace”) including in official documents. More Info

Strong Measures as SC Set to Give Verdict on Ayodhya

After a marathon hearing of 40 days, the CJI led Supreme Court bench is scheduled to give its verdict in the politically sensitive case of Ram Janmbhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute on 9th November at 10:30 am.

Crux of the Matter
  • Uttar Pradesh Government has imposed Section 144 across the state and also ordered all schools, colleges, educational institutions to remain closed from Saturday to Monday.
  • The district magistrate has barred “victory celebrations” and “mourning processions” after the verdict.
  • Nearly 1659 anti-social elements are being watched online; out of which 70 have been arrested.
  • 4000 paramilitary forces along with 30 bomb squads rushed to UP with multi-layer security arrangements near the disputed site and drones used to monitor all activities.
  • Section 144 has been imposed in entire Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Schools will remain shut in Delhi and Karnataka. Karnataka government has also announced dry day.
  • Centre has put all states on high alert with all state governments asking the public to maintain peace.
  • There will be a strict watch on all social media platforms to avoid any rumours that may hurt religious sentiments.

Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) of 1973 prohibits the assembly of four or more people in an area. According to the law, every member of such ‘unlawful assembly’ can be booked for engaging in rioting. It is imposed in urgent cases of nuisance or apprehended danger of some event that has the potential to cause trouble or damage to human life or property. More Info

Ayodhya Verdict: Silence Before The Storm

Ram Mandir and Babri Masjid being an emotional issue for both Hindus and Muslims, the security agencies across the nation have been alerted to avoid any mishaps. The entire country awaits the Supreme Court verdict which is expected to be delivered by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi before his retirement on November 17.

Crux of the Matter
  • Religious leaders from both religions have appealed for peace through mainstream and social media to avoid repeat of the 1992 violence.
  • In Mumbai, as part of the security measures, the police has imposed prohibitory orders from November 4 to 18, restricting any unlawful assembly of people.
  • Section 144 has been imposed in Ayodhya till December 28 and 4000 paramilitary force on standby.
  • Intelligence agencies have been put on high alert with police constantly monitoring social media activities.
  • Sharad Pawar said the Supreme Court verdict in Ayodhya case should be accepted by all whatever the judgment is. Communal harmony should be maintained.
  • PM Modi has appealed to maintain harmony and refrain from making unnecessary statements on the verdict.
  • BSP chief Mayawati said the Supreme Court verdict on Ayodhya matter must be respected at all costs.

Ayodhya dispute is a political, historical and socio-religious debate in India, centred on a plot of land in the city of Ayodhya, located in Faizabad district, Uttar Pradesh. The issues revolves around the control of a site traditionally regarded among Hindus to be the birthplace of Rama; the history and location of the Babri Masjid at the site, and whether a previous Hindu temple was demolished or modified to create the mosque. The Babri Masjid was destroyed during a political rally which turned into a riot on 6 December 1992. More Info