China And Pakistan Sign A Biowarfare Deal

China And Pakistan Sign A Biowarfare Deal

China and Pakistan reportedly agreed on a “biological research” deal, with the actual motive of the collaboration being cited as a biowarfare development.

Crux of the Matter

Recent Agreement
China and Pakistan recently agreed on a collaborative deal, with the title of the joint research being “Collaboration for Emerging Infectious Diseases and Studies on Biological Control of Vector Transmitting Diseases”.

The agreement was reported by Anthony Klan, who is an investigative journalist from Australia. Klan also claimed that the Wuhan Institute of Virology of China will provide “all financial, material and scientific” resources.

Active Motive
According to Klan, the actual aim of the joint research is to isolate Bacillus Thuringiensis (BT), which is extremely similar to Bacillus Anthracis, which causes deadly Anthrax disease. The Bacillus Anthracis is a “classified bio-warfare agent”, which might be used in an offensive against rival nations.

The development came after the recent experiment of the Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus (CCHFV), a virus similar to the Ebola virus. The experiment was done by Pakistan using aid from China. The BT collaboration is being cited as a “bonus” for China, as it can perform dangerous experiments on “foreign soil”.

History Of BioWarfare

  • In 1925, the Geneva protocol banned the “use of chemical and biological weapons in war”.
  • Complete breach of the protocol occurred in World War II. The breach was mainly done by Japan in the East, which reportedly scattered disease-causing fleas and pathogens on Chinese cities and water systems.
  • While China has agreed to the Geneva protocol for biological weapons, it has received criticism from the US since the Bill Clinton regime. The US has repeatedly claimed that China is engaged in developing biological weapons, which China denies vehemently.

Chinese Influence

  • The Wuhan Institute of Virology received a shipment of “Ebola and Henipah viruses” from Canada 1 month before the Covid-19 outbreak, drawing criticism for not revealing the details of such crucial dealing.
  • Both Chinese and Canadian governments claim that no links exist between the two incidents.
  • Chinese company Huawei has reportedly $56 million of investment in Canadian research institutes, allegedly along with several undisclosed investments in the US education and research system.

China-Pakistan Relations

  • Pakistan was among the few countries supporting China in its crackdown of the 1989 Tiananmen square protests.
  • China openly supports Pakistan on the Kashmir issue, while Pakistan does the same for Tibet and Taiwan.
  • China is the biggest arms supplier of Pakistan.
  • Pakistanis a crucial part of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), with a deal worth $60 billion to aid the country.
  • China recently funded the construction of the Diamer-Bhasha dam, which is located in Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK).
  • Unit 731 was a covert biological and chemical warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army. Unit 731 was based at the Pingfang district of Harbin, the largest gas chamber in the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo.
  • The Hot Zone: A Terrifying True Story is a best-selling 1994 non-fiction thriller by Richard Preston about the origins and incidents involving viral hemorrhagic fevers. The basis of the book was Preston’s 1992 New Yorker article “Crisis in the Hot Zone”.
  • According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Pakistan is China’s biggest arms buyer, counting for nearly 47% of Chinese arms exports. According to a 2014 BBC World Service Poll, 75% of Pakistanis view China’s influence positively with only 15% expressing a negative view.