Why Brazil President Bolsonaro Endorsed Trump?

Why Brazil President Bolsonaro Endorsed Trump?

As Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro endorsed Trump before the US elections, let us look at the similarities between the two and the unusual policies of the former.

Crux of the Matter

Bolsonaro Endorsing Trump
On 20 October 2020, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro endorsed Donald Trump for the 2020 US Elections. Bolsonaro said “God willing I will be able to attend” for Trump’s inauguration. His comments came after Brazil and the US signed a trade agreement for 5G and telecommunications.

Bolsonaro joined Hungary PM Viktor Orban and Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte in openly endorsing Trump’s re-election. However, their bid failed as Joe Biden is now the President-elect.

Bolsonaro was elected as the Brazilian President in 2018. He has served in the army as captain. Bolsonaro, a self-declared Trump admirer, has been nicknamed “Trump of the Tropics”. Trump and Bolsonaro are similar in their populist outlook, handling of Covid-19 pandemic and several key issues.

Handling Of Covid-19

  • Both Bolsonaro and Trump recovered from Covid-19 after downplaying its severity for months.
  • Both rejected Covid-19 threat by comparing it to “flu”.
  • The former reportedly claimed that Covid-19 masks are “for fairies”.

Some are going to die, they will die. Sorry, it’s life. You can’t stop a car factory just because you have traffic deaths.

Bolsonaro, speaking against lockdowns

Brazil has been severely affected by Covid pandemic. As of 11 November, Brazil had

  • 5.68 million cases.
  • 163k deaths.
  • Death rate: 763 per million people – 6th highest in the world.

Homophobia And Anti-Science Stance

  • Bolsonaro openly claimed “I’m homophobic – and very proud of it” in 2013.
  • He has also cut down on research funds and has been aggressive towards scientists and doctors.
  • He has sacked 2 Health Ministers in pandemic for alleged promotion of social distancing. In a similar manner, Trump called Dr. Fauci (Director of National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) an “idiot” for his cautious Covid pandemic strategy.

Police And Admiration For Dictators

  • Bolsonaro is a staunch advocate of ‘stricter’ police. In 2017, he claimed that “a policeman who doesn’t kill isn’t a policeman”.
  • He has repeatedly praised the dictator regime of Brazil (between 1964 and 1985). He has claimed that Augusto Pinochet (former dictator of Chile) “should have killed more people”.

If one wants to close the supreme court, you know what you do? You don’t even need to send a jeep. Send two soldiers.

Eduardo Bolsonaro, son of Jair Bolsonaro

Dealing With Amazon Forest Fires

  • In 2019, 89,178 fires were reported in the Amazon rainforest as per INPE. The numbers showed an increase from 68,345 fires in 2018.
  • Increase in deforestation and “clearing of land” by farmers have been cited as the main reasons for such increase.
  • Bolsonaro instead blamed “NGOs” for “setting up” fire, and rejected $20 million aid from the G7 summit in August 2019. He cited the “colonialist mindset” of the G7 as the reason for rejection.

Battle With Biden
In the US Presidential debate, Joe Biden expressed concern over Amazon forest fires.

The rainforests of Brazil are being torn down. I would be gathering up and making sure we had the countries of the world coming up with $20 billion, and say, ‘Here’s $20 billion. Stop tearing down the forest. And if you don’t then you’re gonna have significant economic consequences

Joe Biden

In reply, Bolsonaro labelled Biden’s statement “disastrous and unnecessary declaration”. He also accused Biden of being “greedy” towards the Amazon forest.

  • The #EleNão (“not him”) movements of 2018 were demonstrations led by women which took place in several regions of Brazil. The main goal was to protest against Bolsonaro and his presidential campaign because of his sexist declarations.
  • The 1964 Brazilian coup d’état was a series of events in Brazil from March 31 to April 1 that led to the overthrow of President João Goulart by members of the Brazilian Armed Forces, supported by the United States government. The following day, with the military already in control of the country, the Brazilian Congress came out in support of the coup and endorsed it by declaring the office of the presidency vacant.
  • In an interview with Zero Hora in 2015, Bolsonaro argued that men and women should not receive the same salaries, because women get pregnant, adding that he believes federal law mandating paid maternity leave harms work productivity.

Brazil’s Women Footballers To Get Equal Pay As Men

Brazil Women Footballers To Get Equal Pay As Men

The decision by Brazil to remove the gap between its female and male footballers added a positive development to the history of female sports, where female athletes have had to battle long to get equal pay and respect.

Crux of the Matter

Recent Announcement
Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF) recently announced equal pay for women footballers, declaring that both women and men national teams would be provided an equal salary as well as an equal award prize. The CBF would implement the same arrangement regarding the performance of women’s football team at international tournaments like the Olympics, World Cup, etc. In doing so, Brazil joined the list of England, Norway, Australia, and New Zealand in providing women equal pay.

Discussions regarding equal pay were initiated after Brazil was knocked out by France in FIFA Women’s World Cup 2019, after which the Brazilian women’s football legend Marta called for more support to the team. A similar event occurred elsewhere, as FIFA Women’s World Cup 2019 winner US filed a case against the US Football Federation over discrimination in “pay and conditions”, with their lawsuit seeking $66 million in damages.

Notable Equal Pay Movements In Sports

  • 1970: Tennis player Billie Jean King publicly condemned discrimination after she won $600 for the Italian Open while Ilie Nastase, the men’s winner, won $3,500.
  • 1973: The US Open tennis tournament established equal prize money after King threatened to boycott.
  • 2005: Tennis star Venus Williams made an iconic speech regarding equal pay in tennis

All of our hearts beat the same. When your eyes are closed, you really can’t tell, next to you, who’s a man and who’s a woman. Sometimes, we lose track of and don’t even realise, our own bias and our own prejudice. And we have to confront ourselves.

Venus Williams

  • 2007: Wimbledon and French Open, 2 major tennis tournaments, established equal pay after Williams’s initiative gained support
  • 2018: World Surfing League (WSL) announced and implemented equal prize money for the male and female athletes for all events under the WSL, becoming the “first and the only US-based global sports league” to achieve equality in pay.
  • 2018: World Tennis Association (WTA) abolished penalties on women athletes for taking absent leaves “due to pregnancy and/or recent childbirth” after the issue was brought out by Serena Williams and Victoria Azarenka.

When Numbers Speak

  • The All India Football Federation provides a daily allowance of ₹600 for women on national duty, providing ₹1000 to men for the home games in comparison.
  • Only 5% of sports media coverage is provided for women’s sports on average.
  • FIFA Women’s World Cup was founded in 1991, 61 years after the Men’s World Cup was founded in 1930.

2 major arguments are popular against the gender gap, which claim that women’s sports bring less revenue and are less popular, therefore bringing less salary to female athletes.

  • 2016-2018: US Women’s National Team (USWNT) brought $50.8 million revenue as compared to $49.9 million brought by the men’s team. The feat is more than commendable as the USWNT ticket costs less than the Men’s.
  • The 2 most-watched football games in the US:
    2019 FIFA Women’s World Cup final between US and Netherlands (20 million American viewers)
    2015 Women’s World Cup final between US and Japan (24 million viewers)
  • USWNT home jersey became the most sold football jersey (men and women) on Nike.com in one season (2019).

Even after bringing more revenue and viewers, USWNT had to file a case against discrimination in “pay and conditions”.

Experts have also criticized the common arguments of biology favouring men in strength, speed, and skills. In response, they have claimed that the phenomenon occurs due to women being allowed in sports much later than men, and that appreciation for only speed and strength is a social construct as women bring different but equally
vital skills to sports.

  • In 2018, New Zealand’s women’s football team became one of the first women teams to be given the same pay as their men’s team. According to the annual global sports salaries survey in 2017, the average woman playing in the FA Women’s Super League (FAWSL) is paid £27,000 – about one percent of the salary of a male Premier League player.
  • Marta Vieira da Silva is a Brazilian footballer and holds the record for most goals scored at FIFA World Cup tournaments (17 goals). She is also the first footballer of either gender to score at five World Cup editions.
  • The Brazil national team is also known by Canarinha, meaning ‘Little Canary’, a reference to a species of bird commonly found in Brazil that has a vivid yellow color; this phrase was popularized by the late cartoonist Fernando Pieruccetti during the 1950 World Cup.