Delhi Violence Escalation Takes Life of Young IB Officer, AAP MLA Booked

Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) councilor Tahir Hussain (in image) has been booked by Delhi Police on charges of murder, arson, and violence on February 27. He is accused of murdering 26-year old Intelligence Bureau (IB) officer Ankit Sharma during the violent clashes in Delhi. You can read Summachar’s coverage on Delhi Violence here.

Crux of the Matter

The Delhi Police has registered an FIR against Hussain under Section 302 (murder) at the Dayalpur police station. The family of the Intelligence Bureau officer who died during the riots accused Tahir Hussain of killing him.

Tahir Hussain denied any involvement in the riots or in the murder of the IB officer. He said, “It is wrong to target me. I and my family have nothing to do with it.” Aam Aadmi Party has suspended Tahir Hussain after the action by the Delhi Police.

The IB officer’s dead body was found from Chandbag drainage in Jaffrabad on February 26. He was allegedly beaten to death by a mob on 25 February. His body was sent for autopsy and it was found that he was stabbed multiple times. Ankit Sharma’s father, Ravinder said, “Hussain’s supporters killed and shot him after he was beaten.”

Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) leaders have accused Hussain and AAP of instigating violence and triggering a riot-like situation. A preliminary investigation found that Tahir’s four-storey house was allegedly used for hurling stones, petrol bombs, and chemicals during the violence.

On the contrary, Tahir Hussain targeted the BJP leaders, including Kapil Mishra and demanded strict action against them for giving instigative speeches. Until now 34 people have been killed and over 200 injured in the clashes between anti and pro CAA groups.

Curiopedia

The Intelligence Bureau is India’s internal intelligence agency. It is reputed to be the oldest such organization in the world. Arvind Kumar, the current director of the IB, took over from Rajiv Jain on 26 June 2019. the IB is used to garner intelligence from within India and also execute counter-intelligence and counter-terrorism tasks. The Bureau comprises employees from law enforcement agencies, mostly from the Indian Police Service (IPS) or the Indian Revenue Service (IRS) and the military. The IB is particularly tasked with intelligence collection in border areas, following the 1951 recommendations of the Himmat Singh Ji Committee, a task entrusted to the military intelligence organisations prior to independence in 1947. All spheres of human activity within India and in the neighbourhood are allocated to the charter of duties of the Intelligence Bureau. More Info

Understanding the Chronology of Post-CAA Delhi Conflagration

Polarization from Citizenship Amendment Act continued on the day of Balakot anniversary as it engulfed Delhi in yet another violent spree. More than 20 people have died, including an Intelligence Bureau Officer and more than 180 have been injured. Delhi needs to be doused and saved from arson and communal violence. You can read Summachar’s coverage on CAA here.

Crux of the Matter

Violence and arson engulfed Delhi at a time when Donald Trump was on his maiden visit to India. The extrapolation of communalism during anti-CAA protests has taken a horrifying spin after escalating each time, be it the incidents at Jamia, Seelampur, Shaheen Bagh, Jafrabad, Chandbagh, or Maujpur. The capital city has become a hotbed of polarizing statements. The recently concluded Delhi Elections also saw a series of hateful and polarizing statements from politicians from across the spectrum.

Death toll in Delhi has crossed 20. Clash of pro-CAA and anti-CAA protestors rocked the Maujpur region of northeast Delhi. A young man called Shahrukh intimidated an unarmed policeman and opened 8 rounds of fire. A mosque had been torched in the capital city.

A 26-year old Intelligence Bureau officer’s dead body was found in the Chandbag drain. A senior police official said that the officer was missing since a group had stopped him after he went out of his house when the group was pelting stones in his colony.

The situation had worsened to an extent that Delhi police had to issue a ‘shoot at sight‘ order in northeast Delhi. Rapid Action Force (RAF) conducted a flag march in northeast Delhi to take control of the situation. National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval had met Delhi Police and Ministry Officials to get an overview of the situation. Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal had visited the Raj ghat and prayed for peace. He had urged the Centre to deploy the Army to tackle the situation. However, he is yet to visit the affected areas.

Supreme Court slammed Police and authorities for not taking proper action against the incessant violence in the Capital. Delhi High Court, referring to the killing of 3,000 people during anti-Sikh riots in Delhi, said that it cannot let another 1984 happen. It has urged the government and police authorities to take action to settle the situation in Delhi.

Before the current violent escalations in Delhi, a series of violent events had engulfed it from the day Citizenship Amendment Act was passed.

Chronology of Violence

15 December 2019
Jamia Milia Police Crackdown
The anti-CAA protests intensified on 15 December when students of Jamia Milia University of Delhi took to streets of South Delhi to voice their concerns. Police, in order to disperse the crowd, used tear gas shells and lathicharged protestors. Allegedly, the police had entered Jamia campus and beaten students with batons and fired tear gas bombs. In the south Delhi region, protestors also torched 4 buses and 2 police vehicles in the New Friends area. As many as 60 people, including students, policemen, and firefighters were injured in the clash.

15 December 2019 – Continue Till Date
Shaheen Bagh Protests
In the Shaheen Bagh region of Delhi, a Muslim dominated region, sit-in protests have continued till today, 72nd day. These protests became the focal point of campaigning before the Delhi Legislative Elections. Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) leader Amanatullah Khan, who allegedly instigated violence at the site, received a landslide victory in the elections.

17 December 2019
Seelampur Goes Violent
Anti-CAA protests in Seelampur region of northeast Delhi became violent. It is yet unknown what started the violence, but the protestors clashed with police, pelting stones and torching buses. Allegedly, during the clash Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP) got injured after a stone hit his head.

20 December 2019
Daryaganj Arson
Anti-CAA protests at the Daryaganj region of Delhi became violent after the protestors started pelting stones and torched a car in front of Delhi DCP’s office. Police had to use water cannons to disperse the crowd.

28 January 2020
Arrest of Sharjeel Imam
Sharjeel Imam, the co-organizer at the Shaheen Bagh protests, was arrested on 28 January on charges of Sedition, inciting and abetting riots and creating religious disharmony. He was charged for his speech at the Aligarh Muslim University, in which he made controversial remarks about blocking the chicken-neck corridor in Siliguri to cut off northeast from the rest of India.

30 January 2020
Man Opens Fire at Student Protestors
At an anti-CAA rally near Jamia, a person named Rambhakt Gopal opened fire at the student protestors. Allegedly, he was shouting the slogan of ‘ye lo azadi‘ before opening fire, which injured one student from Jamia University.

1st Week of February 2020
Delhi Elections
Delhi Legislative Elections witnessed polarizing statements from both parties, BJP and AAP. BJP leaders picked up Shaheen Bagh protests as their political agenda and a series of hateful statements began from its leaders.

20 February 2020
Karnataka
In relation to the anti-CAA protests, AIMIM leader Waris Pathan made a controversial communal threat.

22 February 2020
Jafrabad Blockade
Nearly 500 Muslim women staged protest at the Jafrabad metro station and blocked Road no. 66 that connects Seelamput to Yamuna Vihar and Maujpur.

23 February 2020
Maujpur
BJP leader Kapil Mishra had tweeted a video where he gave Delhi Police three ultimatum to clear the protestors-filled roads until Donald Trump is on India visit.

Curiopedia

Religious violence in India includes acts of violence by followers of one religious group against followers and institutions of another religious group, often in the form of rioting. Religious violence in India has generally involved Hindus and Muslims. Along with domestic organizations, international human rights organisations such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch publish reports on acts of religious violence in India. Over 2005 to 2009 period, an average of 130 people died every year from communal violence, or about 0.01 deaths per 100,000 population. The state of Maharashtra reported the highest total number of religious violence related fatalities over that five-year period, while Madhya Pradesh experienced the highest fatality rate per year per 100,000 population between 2005 and 2009. Over 2012, a total of 97 people died across India from various riots related to religious violence. More Info

Communal Violence in Delhi has a long embedded history into politics and partition. In 1974, communal violence broke out to such an extent that an apartheid kind of situation was created. Interviews conducted by Centre for the Study of Developing Societies showed that “Hindus believed Muslims were poor, backward in education, religious fanatics, and quarrelsome and harsh. Some other perceptions quoted in the report include that Muslims marry several times and do not regard the country as their own.” More Info

Violent Anti-CAA Protests Hover Over Peaceful Babri Deal

On February 24, the Sunni Central Waqf board accepted the five-acre land offered by the UP government to construct the Babri Masjid after the Supreme Court judgment in the Ayodhya case. The much sensitive Ayodhya – Babri Case has not sparked any violence after the verdict, whereas CAA has spread apprehension among Muslims, bringing them out on the streets. Sporadic incidents of hate speech and violence were witnessed in Delhi, Gujarat, and Bangalore in the backdrop of Trump’s 2-day visit to India.

Crux of the Matter

Babri Remains Peaceful
Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board announced that along with the mosque they will be building an Indo-Islamic research centre, a hospital. and a library on the site. The allotted plot is located at Dhannipur village in Ayodhya’s Sohawal area which is about 20-25 km from the Ram Temple & Ayodhya-Lucknow highway. Board Chairman Zufar Farooqui informed that the board will set up a trust soon for the construction of the mosque.

It has been decided at a meeting of the board to take the five-acre land given to us by the UP government.

– Zufar Farooqi, Waqf Board Chairman

The litigants were of the opinion that the land was too far from the town which will be difficult for people to travel there to offer Namaz and thus earlier had asked the UP government to reconsider their decision.

Polarization on Point
The Hindu-Muslim topics have always been politicized and especially this particular case has always been a sensitive issue in the country resulting in fierce debates, rivalry, fights and violence over the decades. But the way this verdict was accepted and welcomed not only by both the parties but by the millions of people across the country in a peaceful manner set an example that proved our belief in our constitution and moreover the strength in India’s diversity.

Even though only a few months ago in its true sense, India depicted its culture of ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam‘ after the Ayodhya verdict, the nation is witnessing numerable violent protests not only from Muslim communities but also from university and college students against the recently passed Citizenship Amendment Act, proposed NRC, and NPR.

Unrest a Test on Trump’s Visit
Incidents of gun firings and stone peltings on police officers in the capital city of Delhi have spurred the issue again. Over and above this, AIMIM leader Waris Pathan recently made a controversial statement at an anti-CAA rally in Bengaluru, 15 crore hain lekin 100 crore pe bhari hain” (translation: we are 15 crore but can take on 100 crore). Slogans raised at public rallies have resulted in inciting more violence and disrupting the peace and harmony in the nation.

The protests at Shaheen Bagh by Muslim women, clashes with students at JNU, Jamia Milia and now the most recent clash between pro and anti-CAA groups on February 24 at Maujpur, Karawal Nagar, Babarpur, and Chand Bagh have resulted in the loss of four civilians and a 42-year old police constable called Ratan Lal. Police resorted to lathi-charge as protestors vandalized and torched public and private property.

During the clash, a man named Shahrukh fired 8 rounds from his country-made pistol. He is later seen intimidating an unarmed policeman on the Maujpur-Jaffrabad road.

The protests are not only having a major impact on day to day life of common people due to the closure of metro lines and blockages of highways but also is creating an environment of fear and resulting in heavy loss of public property.

Few days ago, a woman named Amulya Leona was charged with Sedition for raising the slogan of ‘Pakistan Zindabad‘ at an Anti-CAA rally in Bengaluru.

All these events are happening at a crucial time when US President Donald Trump is on a 2-day state visit to India and is present in Delhi for bilateral talks. Union Home Minister Amit Shah has held urgent high-level meetings to control the situation and has issued orders for police to take necessary actions to establish law and order.

Curiopedia

Central Waqf Council, India is an Indian statutory body established in 1964 by the Government of India under Waqf Act, 1954 for the purpose of advising it on matters pertaining to working of the State Waqf Boards and proper administration of the Waqfs in the country. Waqf is a permanent dedication of movable or immovable properties for religious, pious or charitable purposes as recognized by Muslim Law, given by philanthropists. The Council is headed by a Chairperson, who is the Union Minister in charge of Wakfs. Presently there are thirty Wakf Boards across the country in twenty-eight states/Union territories. More Info

Shaheen Bagh protests are an ongoing continuous sit-in peaceful protest, led by women, that began in response to the passage of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) and the ensuing police intervention against students at Jamia Millia Islamia who were opposing the Amendment. Protesters have agitated not only against the citizenship issues of the CAA, National Register of Citizens (NRC) and National Population Register (NPR), but also against police brutality, rising costs of commodities, increasing unemployment and poverty, and for women’s safety. Mainly consisting of Muslim women, the protesters at Shaheen Bagh, since 15 December 2019, have blocked a major highway in New Delhi using non-violent resistance for over 65 days. More Info

Shaheenbagh's Sharjeel's Seditious Shenanigans

JNU student and IIT-B alumnus, Sharjeel Imam has been arrested for Sedition for making hateful speech at Aligarh Muslim University. To save the Muslims of Northeast, he was advocating cutting off Assam by blocking the Siliguri Corridor (also called Chicken-Neck Corridor) – the remark that has spurred controversy in India.

Crux of the Matter

Who is Sharjeel Imam?
Sharejeel Imam, who was born in Bihar’s Kako, is an IIT Bombay Alumnus and is currently a Ph.D. student in Modern Indian History at Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU). He often writes for The Wire, The Quint, and Firstpost. His father Akbar Imam, a Janata Dal (JDU) leader, was good friends with Bihar’s CM Nitish Kumar.

He has been one of the primary organizers of Shaheen Bagh anti-CAA protests until stepping back from the protests on January 2 on grounds of political interference. His controversial speech at Aligarh Muslim University brought him into the limelight.

Imam’s Speech
Video of Sharjeel Imam addressing crowds at Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), allegedly protesting against CAA and NRC in Uttar Pradesh on January 16, 2020, surfaced. In the 40 minutes long speech there were parts in which he is seen to be making contentious remarks about cutting off Assam forever or at least for a month or two from mainland India to save the Muslims of that region. He talks about gathering 5 lakh people and blocking the supplies to the State by methods like spilling mavad (pus) on the railway tracks to stop train movement to Assam. He asserts that the chicken-neck corridor belongs to Muslims and that blocking it could be the only way the voice of Muslims is heard.

See his statement. Have you seen the video of Sharjeel? It is more dangerous than Kanhaiya Kumar’s statement. He (Sharjeel) is talking about cutting off the Chicken’s Neck to disintegrate Assam from India. Even seven generations would not be able to do that.

– Union Home Minister Amit Shah

In other parts of his address, he has not spared either the government or the Left, or the Congress party. According to him, “Congress has been responsible for the wretched situation of Muslims”. Targeting Kanhaiya Kumar, he said “people like him are using Muslims to get leverage in politics…[they] get their photos clicked, raise slogans of ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ and become the face, while nothing productive has ever come out of such things.”

He condemned the actions of Communists in West Bengal and Kerala. Imam even pointed out the violence that the ABVP as well as CPI (M) resorts to by citing an example of JNU in which students were beaten up.

His adamant and vocal stance on his exclusivist Muslim identity along with his supremacist remarks at AMU have caused uproar the nation.

The ‘Chicken Neck ‘ belongs to the Muslims.

– Sharjeel Imam in the speech at AMU

Imam Booked for Hate Speech
Delhi, Assam, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh have filed charges against him.

Assam has charged Imam with Sedition under Section 124 A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) along with Section 153A and 153 B under the same Code. He has also been booked for abetting terrorist activities (Section 18) and soliciting unlawful activities Section (13 (1)) under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.

Delhi Police filed FIR against him under Section 153 of IPC for provocating for riots, abetting religious disharmony and Sedition.

UP Police has filed a case against him for Sedition and soliciting and creating conflict between religious groups. Manipur charged him for abetting war against the Indian government and unlawful activities along with Sedition.

Arunachal Pradesh also booked him under Sections 124(A), 153(A), and 153(B).

This kind of provocation inciting secession of Assam and other northeastern states from India, creating communal disharmony, hampering sovereignty and territorial integrity of India will not be tolerated.

– Arunachal Pradesh CM Pema Khandu

Why Does Imam’s Arrest Matter?
Crime Branch, Delhi Police, arrested Imam from Jehanabad in Bihar. Sharjeel Imam, however, on his Twitter handle posted that he has surrendered to Delhi Police.

According to supporters of Shaheen Bagh, Imam’s arrest comes at a time when the government is looking for a scapegoat of the tukde tukde gang to deliver a message against anti-CAA protests. His chicken-neck remark has caught attention. Siliguri corridor, as it is actually called, has been seen as a geographic vulnerability of India. Adversaries like China and Pakistan have planned to to cutoff Northeast from mainland India by exploting this vulnerability in sensitive warlike situations.

He is being criticized for not just using language that can be considered hate speech but also giving practical strategic frameworks and action points that are not in line with the nation’s interest. With more and more student activists from JNU becoming vocal about issues that can help them get a launch in politics, the timing and position of Imam do not seem unprecedented, considering the history of JNU.

Curiopedia

Chicken’s Neck – The Siliguri Corridor, or Chicken’s Neck, is a narrow stretch of land of about 22 kilometers, located in the Indian state of West Bengal, that connects India’s northeastern states to the rest of India, with the countries of Nepal and Bangladesh lying on either side of the corridor. The Kingdom of Bhutan lies on the northern side of the corridor.

The formation of East Bengal, now Bangladesh, created a geographical barrier to the northeastern part of India. The narrow Siliguri Corridor, which at one point is less than 27 kilometres wide, remained as the only bridge between the northeastern part of India and the rest of the country. Wedged between Bangladesh to the south and west and China to the north, the region has no access to the sea closer than Kolkata, on the other side of the corridor. Between Sikkim and Bhutan lies the Chumbi Valley, a dagger-like slice of Tibetan territory. A Chinese military advance of less than 130 kilometres would cut off Bhutan, part of West Bengal and all of North-East India, an area containing almost 50 million people. This situation arose during the war between India and China in 1962.

All land transportation between mainland India and its far northeastern states uses this circuitous corridor, as there is no free-trade agreement between Bangladesh and India. The Tetulia Corridor, an alternative to the Siliguri Corridor, is proposed under Article VIII of the India–Bangladesh Trade Agreement 1980, which states that “The two governments agree to make mutually beneficial arrangements for the use of their waterways, railways and roadways for commerce between the two countries and for passage of goods between two places in one country through the territory of the other”. However, the proposal is still in the initial stages of negotiation. More Info

European Parliament to pass resolution on Kashmir & CAA

A number of critical international statements and parliamentary resolutions have been filed on Jammu & Kashmir and Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 (CAA) by the majority of members in the European Union (EU) Parliament.

Crux of the Matter

The current resolutions that focus on CAA are being introduced by 6 political groups representing a total of 626 of the total 751 members of the European Parliament. These will be taken up for discussion and voting this week.

According to the agenda of the plenary meet, the European Commission Vice-President Mr. Josep Borell will first deliver a statement on ‘India’s Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2019‘. The EU parliament had discussed developments in Jammu & Kashmir in September 2019 but had not ended in a vote. 22 EU MEPs had visited Srinagar in October 2019.

The resolutions list actions by the government that is allegedly in violation of international norms and India’s international commitments on Human Rights and at the UN Security Council. Mr. Borrell had held talks with PM Narendra Modi and External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar on the sidelines of the Raisina Dialogue conference.

The groups that have filed resolutions include the Group of the European People’s Party (Christian Democrats) with 182 members, the Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament with 154 members, the Renew Group with 108 members.

Curiopedia

The European Parliament (EP) is the legislative branch of the European Union and one of its seven institutions. Together with the Council of the European Union, it adopts European legislation, normally on a proposal from the European Commission. The Parliament is composed of 751 members (MEPs), intended to become 705 starting from the 2019–2024 legislature because of specific provisions adopted about Brexit, who represent the second-largest democratic electorate in the world (after the Parliament of India) and the largest trans-national democratic electorate in the world (375 million eligible voters in 2009). More Info