The Civil War
- 2011: Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi replaces Ali Abdullah Saleh as President after anti-government protests
- 2014: Houthi Shia Muslim rebel group seizes Saada province, making Hadi flee to Saudi Arabia
- 2015: Saudi Arabia and other chiefly Sunni states backed by US, UK and France attack Yemen, now under Houthi rule
- 2017: Saleh gets killed by Houthi group
- 2018: The Saudi coalition attacks the Hudaydah port, affecting essential supplies of 2/3rd of the population
- Saudi Arabia claims Iran is backing Houthi due to Shia affinity, which Iran denies
Between 2015-18, 85,000 children died by malnutrition in Yemen. Health organizations have declared that 80% of the population is in urgent need of medical care. The war alone has caused 100,000 deaths till date.
The war has also rendered the healthcare system of the country ineffective. In 2016, even ‘Medecins Sans Frontieres’ or Doctors Without Borders withdrew from the hospital due to attacks on medical workers and hospitals.
Cholera outbreak started in Yemen in October 2016, which was aggravated by damage to hospitals and water facilities caused by the civil war. Over 1.2 million cases were reported by 2018, and out of the total deaths recorded, 58% were children. Already impacted by the Covid-19, the country saw further adversity as 113,000 cases of Cholera were recorded in 2020.
While only 705 Covid-19 cases have been reported in Yemen, experts have pointed an under-reporting done in the records as observed in the exponential increase in cremation. The situation has been aggravated by a complete lack of functioning medical system, as observed in the fact that the ratio of people to ventilators is 2.5 million to 1.
Further trouble awaits the country as the UN would withdraw 30 of its 41 schemes from it if the funding is not sufficient, which stands at 50% of the requisite.
The world will have to witness what happens in a country without a functioning health system battling COVID-19.United Nations (UN) on Yemen