10 Point Plan For Green Revolution Launched By UK

10 Point Plan For Green Revolution Launched By UK

Before UK hosts the COP26 UN climate summit next year, it has launched a 10 point plan for green industrial revolution, in order to tackle climate change and create jobs in energy efficient markets. UK’s PM Boris Johnson has set a target for 2030 for its completion.

Crux of the Matter

Why The Sudden Step?
In fact, it is 10 years earlier as it was planned for a 2040 launch. It is part of the UK PM, Boris Johnson’s green industrial revolution, in order to tackle climate change and create jobs in industries like nuclear energy.

What Is This 10-Point Plan?

1. Hydrogen
Have 5 GigaW of “low carbon” hydrogen production capacity for industry, transport, power, homes and for the first town heated by gas.

2. Offshore wind
Produce enough wind to power every home in UK, by quadrupling its production to 40 gigawatts, and supporting up to 60,000 jobs.

3. Shift towards Electric Vehicles
Stopping sales of new petrol and diesel cars and vans, to accelerate the transition to electric vehicles. This would also help in investing in grants to buy electric charge point infrastructure.

4. Advocating Nuclear Power
To push nuclear power as a clean energy source and including provision for a large nuclear plant (probably at Sizewell in Suffolk) – and for small nuclear reactors, that could support 10,000 jobs.

5 & 6. Greener Maritime and Public Transport
To support research projects for zero-emission planes and ships and make public transport, cycling, and walking, more attractive ways to travel.

7. Carbon Capture
Developing technology to capture and store harmful emissions away from the atmosphere, with a target to remove 10M tonnes of CO2.

8 & 9. Energy-efficient Homes and Innovation
Making homes, schools, and hospitals warmer and energy-efficient, by installing 600,000 heat pumps every year via Green Homes Grant for home insulation. Also developing cutting-edge tech to make London, the global centre of green finance.

10. Nature Conservation
Preserving the natural environment, by planting 30,000 hectares of trees every year.

Read More at Summachar: Turning Polluted Air To Tiles

Mixed Reception
While the public remains optimistic hearing about the intricate plan, critics like Ed Miliband, energy and climate change secretary (2008-10), and Green Party MP Caroline Lucas, have criticised the plan. They say that the funding allocated for the good deed does not “remotely meet the scale of what is needed” to tackle unemployment and the climate emergency.

Curiopedia
  • Volkswagen has twelve subsidiary brands: Bugatti, Lamborghini, Bentley, Porsche, Audi, Škoda, SEAT, Ducati, Scania, MAN and Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles. 
  • Adolf Hitler ordered Ferdinand Porsche to manufacture a Volkswagen, which literally means ‘People’s Car’ in German. This car went on to become the Volkswagen Beetle.
  • Volkswagen named several of its cars after wind. Passat – a German word for trade wind; Golf – Gulf stream; Polo – polar winds; Jetta – jet stream.
  • The first car to be manufactured in India was the Hindustan Ambassador. It was built by Morris Motors. It rolled off the lines in mid-1957.

Ozone Layer is Healing Itself

Holes in Ozone layer over Antarctica are recovering at a steady pace. The change should not be mistaken as a result of global lockdown across the world due to COVID-19, but attributed to the long concentrated effort of nations and various bodies based on the Montreal Protocol of 1987.

Crux of the Matter

Some Ozone Relief Amidst Climate Change
According to scientists, the ozone layer is healing. Results were published during the four-year assessment of the health of the ozone layer done at the United Nations. Restoration of the layer is the result of the implementation of the Montreal Protocol agreed internationally in 1987. The Montreal Protocol prohibits the production of harmful materials causing the depletion of the Ozone layer. One of the major gas causing damage to ozone is Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC), which is used in refrigerators, hair sprays, air conditioners, etc.  As the Ozone layer is getting restored, change sin atmospheric circulation are being observed in the region of Antarctica.

This layer is quite important to sustain life on earth, as it restricts the harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays emitted by the Sun from entering earth’s atmosphere. Research says that UV rays can cause skin diseases and cancer.

Over the last three decades, the Montreal protocol has fulfilled its original objective to heal the ozone layer. But it didn’t stop there. Because CFCs and related gases are also super climate pollutants, phasing them out has reduced the climate problem by an amount that would have equaled the contribution of carbon dioxide today – more than half of all warming – with the Kigali amendment adding even more climate protection.

– Durwood Zaelke, President, Institute for Governance and Sustainable Development

Bright Future
Antara Banerjee and her colleagues at the Colorado University, with the help of satellite images and data, concluded that change in the wind patters is the result of the layer’s restoration. Banerjee has projected different recovery speed of Ozone layer restoration over different regions. She said that by 2030s the ozone layer in the northern hemisphere mid-latitude will recover its state similar to the 1980s. But the southern hemisphere mid-latitude will take a little longer i.e. around the 2050s to recover. And the polar regions will recover by the 2060s.

Even though the Ozone layer has seen some recovery, Climate Change is a potential danger to it. Government and people across the world will have to take more solid steps to preserve a sustainable environment.

Curiopedia

Ozone depletion – Ozone depletion consists of two related events observed since the late 1970s: a steady lowering of about four percent in the total amount of ozone in Earth’s atmosphere, and a much larger springtime decrease in stratospheric ozone around Earth’s polar regions. The latter phenomenon is referred to as the ozone hole. There are also springtime polar tropospheric ozone depletion events in addition to these stratospheric events. More Info

The Montreal Protocol is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances that are responsible for ozone depletion. It was agreed on 16th September 1987, entered into force on 1st January 1989, and was last revised in 2016 (Kigali) meeting. The treaty is structured around several groups of halogenated hydrocarbons that deplete stratospheric ozone. All of the ozone-depleting substances controlled by the Montreal Protocol contain either chlorine or bromine (substances containing only fluorine do not harm the ozone layer). Some ozone-depleting substances (ODSs) are not yet controlled by the Montreal Protocol, including nitrous oxide (N2O). More Info

Moscow Uses Fake Snow as it Faces Warmest Decmeber since 1886

The Moscow authorities dumped artificial snow in the city centre for New Year festivities, as the country is experiencing the warmest December since 1886. This act by the authorities has created a lot of amusement on social media.

Crux of the Matter
  • The mild Russian winter is seen as more evidence of global warming.
  • However, A light dusting of snow had fallen on December 29 in Moscow.
  • Authorities say that the artificial snow in Tverskaya was to create a snowboarding hill in time for the New Year celebrations.
  • Snow dumps were seen at Red Square and some other sites in the city centre which were closed to traffic.
  • Roman Vilfand head of Russia’s weather forecasting agency said it is Russia’s warmest year on record.
  • Alexei Nemeryuk, head of the Moscow Trade and Services Department said, “the snow was brought from ice rinks in the city to create a ‘snowboard slide’ in Tverskaya Street.
Curiopedia

Fake snow is a product which is similar to the appearance and texture of snow, without being made from frozen crystalline water. Fake snow has been made from many materials. In the early 1900s, decorative snow was sometimes made from borax flakes and even ammonia. With changing climate trends, snowfall is becoming increasingly unpredictable, thus jeopardizing the economic success of ski resorts. Between 2008 and 2013, American ski and snowboard resorts experienced annual revenues of about US$3 billion. More Info

Australia Battling Massive Wildfires And Extreme Temperatures

Australia is facing scorching temperatures and out-of-control bushfires throughout the country, that increase the risk for pyrocumulonimbus clouds — also known as ‘fire clouds’. Every state in Australia has nearly crossed 40-degree celsius temperature.

Crux of the Matter
  • The fires in Australia are growing and have become so massive and powerful that they’re creating their own dangerous weather phenomenon. It is happening through the formation of “pyrocumulonimbus” clouds — what NASA calls ‘the fire-breathing dragon of clouds.’ These fire-induced storms bring little rain but are packed with lightning that can spark new fires.
  • Pyro-cumulonimbus clouds have developed to altitudes over 16km in East Gippsland 
  • Temperatures near Sydney have nearly reached 44 degrees celsius.
  • In the town of Mallacoota, around 4,000 residents fled toward the beachside as winds pushed an emergency-level wildfire towards their homes.
  • Many communities have cancelled New Year’s fireworks celebrations, but Sydney’s popular display over its iconic harborfront has not been cancelled.
  • Across the state of Victoria over 2,00,000 hectares of land has already been burnt in the fires.
  • More than 1,000 homes have been destroyed since the blazes began in September. At least 2,000 firefighters are currently battling the fires.
  • NSW Rural Fire Service Commissioner Shane Fitzsimmons said, “We’ve got some deteriorating weather conditions over the coming days.”
  • Prime Minister Scott Morrison said, “We are expecting more difficult news out of New South Wales and Victoria today as the assessments are undertaken of the terrible fires from yesterday and last night.”
Curiopedia

The cumulonimbus flammagenitus cloudalso known as the pyrocumulonimbus cloud is a type of cumulonimbus cloud that forms above a source of heat, such as a wildfire, and may sometimes even extinguish the fire that formed it. The CbFg was named following the discovery in 1998, that extreme manifestations of this pyroconvection caused direct injection of large abundances of smoke from a firestorm into the lower stratosphere. It is the most extreme manifestation of a flammagenitus cloud. According to the American Meteorological Society’s Glossary of Meteorology, a flammagenitus is ‘a cumulus cloud formed by a rising thermal from a fire, or enhanced by buoyant plume emissions from an industrial combustion process.’ More Info

Cold Wave in Delhi Breaks 119 Year Record

Delhi is known for its harsh winter, but this year the intense cold in Delhi broke the record of past 119 years on December 30, when the maximum temperature dropped to 9.4 degrees Celsius.

Crux of the Matter
  • The lowest maximum temperature so far recorded was on December 28, 1997, at 11.3 degree Celsius.
  • Kuldeep Srivastava, Head of the Regional weather forecasting centre of the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), said, “the day temperature was almost half of what is considered normal for this day of the year.”
  • India Meteorological Department (IMD) issued a ‘red’ warning’ denoting extreme weather conditions.
  • A thick blanket of fog has delayed nearly 500 flights; 21 were diverted from Delhi airport and 30 trains are running late due to low visibility.
  • The temperature of 9.4 degrees Celsius was recorded by the Safdurjung laboratory at 2:30 pm on December 30.
  • According to IMD, Delhi on December 29 registered its 16th successive ‘severe cold day’, the longest spell in the past 22 years.
  • Aya Nagar weather station recorded the day temperature of 7.8 degrees Celsius, followed by Ridge (8.4), Palam (9), Lodi (9.2).
Curiopedia

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) is an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of India. It is the principal agency responsible for meteorological observations, weather forecasting and seismology. IMD is headquartered in Delhi and operates hundreds of observation stations across India and Antarctica. Regional offices are at Mumbai, Kolkata, Nagpur and Pune. IMD became a member of the World Meteorological Organization after independence on 27 April 1949. The agency has gained in prominence due to the significance of the monsoon rains on Indian agriculture. It plays a vital role in preparing the annual monsoon forecast, as well as in tracking the progress of the monsoon across India every season. More Info