India continued its stacking up of ammunition reserve by recently purchasing arms that included planes and missiles from Russia. The step comes in the light of its border clashes with China.
Crux of the Matter
India And Arms From Russia
On 2 July, 2020, the Indian government approved the purchase of 33 fighter aircraft from Russia. The purchase consists of 21 Russian MiG-29 and 12 Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter aircraft, which would cost India $2.43 billion. The decision came in the light of the recent visit of India’s Defence Minister Rajnath Singh to Russia for its Victory Day Celebrations.
In the meeting, Russia promised to speed up the delivery of S-400 anti-missile system to India, which came in the context of recent border clashes with China. On 3 July, Prime Minister Modi visited the Ladakh border to assess the development of the situation.
Indian Airforce Arsenal
- SU-30 MKI: Fighter jet which can carry air-to-air, air-to-surface, and anti-ship missiles with the maximum range of 3,000 km
- MIG-27: A variable-geometry ground-attack aircraft with a combat range of 780 km
- MIG-29: Supersonic air-to-surface fighter jet having a max speed of Mach 2.25 and max range of 1430 km
- MIG-21 BISON: A supersonic jet with a max range of 793 km
- MIRAGE-2000: A 4th generation light weight fighter jet with the maximum range of 1550 km
- RAFALE: A Multi Role Combat Aircraft with the maximum range of 1850 km
- LC Tejas: A 4th generation multirole fighter jet. It is a light combat fighter jet able to fly at supersonic speed of Mach 1.8
Major Indian Missiles
- BrahMos: World’s fastest supersonic cruise missile with top speed of Mach 2.8
- Exocet: An anti-ship missile which can be launched from surface vessels, submarines, and helicopters
- ASAT: Anti-satellite missile capable of striking targets moving at 1.200 km altitude
- ASTRA: First Indian air-to-air missile with a range of 110km
- Prithvi I: Surface to surface ballistic missile with a range of 150km for Army
- Prithvi II: Ballistic missile with a range of 250 km inducted in the Airforce
- Prithvi III: Navy two stage surface to surface missile with max range of 750km
- Agni I: Ballistic missile with 700-1,200 km range
- Agni II: 2nd missile of the series with range 2,000-3,500 km range
- Agni III: 3rd missile of the series with range 3,000-5,000 km range
- Agni IV: 4th missile of the series with range 3,500-4,000 km
- Agni V: Final part as of now with range of 5,000-8,000 km
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- Hindustan Times – PM Modi lands in Leh, accompanied by CDS Bipin Rawat and Army chief
- The New York Times – India to Buy 33 Russian Fighter Aircraft for $2.43 Billion
- The Hindu – Russia to speed up defence deals: Rajnath Singh
- India Today – FMs focus on multilateralism in key RIC meet, Jaishankar highlights India’s contributions in WWII