Know Your Drugs For Covid-19

Know Your Drugs For Covid

With so many scientific terms flying around social media platforms, it is hard to remember which medicine is being used to treat which illness. Let’s help you out by listing down the most ‘trendingdrugs and their role in the treatment of the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic.

Crux of the Matter

Disclaimer for Drugs mentioned: The content you read here is not recommended as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment for Covid-19. For actual cases, consult your doctor.

Dexamethasone

  • Type: Steroid
  • General use: Meningitis and Arthritis 
  • Available as: Tablet and Injection
  • Use in COVID:  For severely ill patients who are on supplemental oxygen or ventilatory support. A dose of 6 mg daily for 10 days. 
  • Side effects: Stomach issues

HCQ (Hydroxychloroquine)

  • General Use: Malaria
  • Use in COVID: It is under investigation.
    FDA had revoked it’s emergency use authorization (EUA) on June 15, 2020.
  • Side effects: Serious cardiac events

Remdesivir

  • General Use: Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)
  • Use in COVID: The optimal role remains uncertain. WHO suggests not using it in hospitalized patients as there is no clear evidence that it improves the outcome. National Institutes of Health says to use it in patients requiring supplemental oxygen.
  • Side effects: Kidney and Liver Toxicity, Respiratory Distress (rare but severe)

Azithromycin

  • Type: Antibiotic
  • General Use: Treats Bacterial infections
  • Use in COVID: Treat or prevent respiratory co-infection.
  • Side effects: Constipation; abnormal heart rhythm in some patients

Tamiflu

  • Type: Antiviral
  • General Use: Influenza A and B, Swine Flu
  • Use in COVIDNot effective after NCBI trials 
  • Side effects: Insomnia, Nausea

Tocilizumab

  • General Use: Arthritis in children
  • Use in COVID: It can be given with dexamethasone in recently hospitalized patients who are on high-flow oxygen (within 24 hours).
  • Side effects: Sore Throat, Cold, Bacterial Infections

Ivermectin

  • General Use: Treat Parasite infections like Heartworm
  • Use in COVID:  FDA has not approved it in the US. Recommended as an add-on treatment for patients in India.
  • Side effects: Avoid use for pediatric patients (people <=21 years )

Budesonide

  • Type: Inhaled steroid via inhaler
  • General Use: Asthma and pulmonary diseases
  • Use in COVID: For mild cases, capable of reducing disease progression to severe.
  • Side effects: Headache, Nausea

Curiopedia
  • Cipla was founded by Khwaja Abdul Hamied as ‘The Chemical, Industrial & Pharmaceutical Laboratories’ in 1935 in Mumbai. The name of the company was changed to ‘Cipla Limited’ on 20 July 1984.
  • The Lasker Awards have been awarded annually since 1945 to living persons who have made major contributions to medical science or who have performed public service on behalf of medicine. They are administered by the Lasker Foundation, founded by Albert Lasker. 
  • Jonas Salk was an American virologist and medical researcher who developed one of the first successful polio vaccines.