Diplomats of 15 Nations Monitor Situation in the Valley

Diplomats from 15 countries visited the Valley to monitor the current situation closely. The fact-finding mission is the first one since the abrogation of Article 370 in Jammu & Kashmir. India wants the International community to be assured of the normalcy in the region.

Crux of the Matter
  • After the abrogation of Article 370, Section 144 was imposed to prevent incidents of violence, leading to a communication blackout. There has been a petition against it in the Supreme Court.
  • Several politicians were detained as part of preventive measures and none other than Indian politicians were allowed to visit J&K.
  • In October, EU Parliament members visited the Valley but this is for the first time Delhi invited foreign diplomats to visit India controlled J&K to have a ground report of Kashmir’s situation.
  • Envoys consisted of members from US, Vietnam, South Korea, Uzbekistan, Nigeria, Morocco, Guyana, Argentina, Philippines, Maldives, Bangladesh, and Peru.
  • Aim of the visit is to interact with civil society leaders, have a briefing on security parameters, and talk with Army and Intelligence Services.
  • EU envoy visit is postponed but it will be important as it has put forth a demand to give them a free hand which may also include meeting detained political figures like Farooq Abdullah, Omar Abdullah, Mehbooba Mufti.
  • The reviews of envoys at the International level will be of greater importance for India because of the constant portrayal of a tense situation in Kashmir at the international front.
  • The government has started postpaid telephone services and SMS services to bring back normalcy in the region.
  • Indian government has denied this visit to be a planned one.
Curiopedia

Jammu and Kashmir (Union Territory) – J&K has been a subject of dispute between India and Pakistan. Moreover constant terrorist infiltration in India has caused great distress in this region. But after the abrogation of Article 370, there has been a reduction in the violent elements in the valley. More Info

Pakistan Pushes for Discussion on Kashmir At OIC Meet

According to official media reports in Islamabad, Pakistan will hold a ministerial meeting of the 57-member Organisation for Islamic Cooperation (OIC) to discuss Jammu and Kashmir in April 2020. Pakistan wants OIC led by Saudi Arabia to discuss the ‘human rights situation in occupied Jammu and Kashmir and enactment of an anti-Muslim law in India’.

Crux of the Matter
  • Experts suggest that this development may be linked to a broader Saudi-Pakistan deal.
  • Pakistan in its negotiations with Riyadh has been pushing hard for a meeting on Kashmir. In return, Pakistan obliged Saudi Arabia by not participating in a conference of Islamic nations hosted by Malaysia.
  • Recently-appointed Saudi Foreign Minister Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud had visited Islamabad on December 26 and met Prime Minister Imran Khan and Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi.
  • Mr Qureshi said in a press conference, “I told the Saudi Foreign Minister that the OIC must make a strong statement on India’s Citizenship Amendment Act as well as on the situation in J&K.
  • The Arab countries have ignored the issue of Kashmir until Pakistan reached out to Turkey, Iran and Malaysia.
  • India’s former Ambassador to KSA, Oman and the UAE, Talmiz Ahmed said, “While OIC resolutions mean very little in real terms, Pakistan wants to use the forum against India.”
  • The meeting has not yet been officially announced by the OIC. 
Curiopedia

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states, with a collective population of over 1.8 billion as of 2015 with 53 countries being Muslim-majority countries. The OIC has permanent delegations to the United Nations and the European Union. The official languages of the OIC are Arabic, English, and French. The organisation states that it is “the collective voice of the Muslim world” and works to “safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony. More Info

Russia Supports India and Reaffirms Its Stand on Kashmir at UNSC

Russian Deputy Ambassador Roman Babushkin has emphasised that the issue of Kashmir should be discussed bilaterally between India and Pakistan and said, “Russia is not interested in raising the matter in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).”

Crux of the Matter
  • Russian Deputy Ambassador Roman Babushkin also clarified that Russia’s position is clear and is not changing.
  • Russia stands on the position that any issue between India and Pakistan should be resolved on a bilateral basis, according to Simla agreement and Lahore declaration.
  • Recently China had put forward a proposal to hold a meeting on the issue of Kashmir in the UNSC. However, the US, France, UK and Russia rejected the proposal to convene the meeting.
  • After the removal of Article 370 in August 2019, China and Pakistan have been making numerous efforts to raise the issue internationally.
Curiopedia

The United Nations Security Council is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with ensuring international peace and security, accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its charter. Its powers include the establishment of peacekeeping operations and international sanctions as well as the authorization of military actions through resolutions. The Security Council was created following World War II to maintain world peace. The Security Council consists of fifteen members. With five permanent members, the council has 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis to serve a term of two years. More Info

UNSC rejects China's Demand to Discuss Kashmir

China in its move to get the Kashmir issue on the agenda for consultations in the United Nations Security Council has been rejected by other members led by the US and France, UK and Russia, backed by Germany and Indonesia on December 17. 

Crux of the Matter
  • It is the second time China has sought to discuss Kashmir at the closed-door session of the UNSC.
  • France argued that Kashmir is a bilateral issue between India and Pakistan
  • The UK for the first time clearly backed India’s stand on Kashmir in the UNSC while Russia did not favour discussing the issue at the forum.
  • Some other members of the 15-member UNSC, including Indonesia, considered the discussion regarding troop movements along the LOC as an internal matter of India.
  • China had managed to hold informal closed-door consultations on Kashmir in the UNSC on August 16 after India revoked the special status of Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 on August 5.
  • The December 21 special representative (SR) level talk is the first edition of the India-China dialogue as both the nations have decided to give impetus to SR level talks to enable the launch of clarification of Line of Actual Control, the de facto boundary between the neighbours.
  • Chinese proposal was to bring pressure and to call for a discussion in the aftermath of the release of a revised map of J&K by the Indian government after the bifurcation.
Curiopedia

The United Nations Security Council is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with ensuring international peace and security, accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its charter. Its powers include the establishment of peacekeeping operations and international sanctions as well as the authorization of military actions through resolutions. The Security Council was created following World War II to maintain world peace. The Security Council consists of fifteen members. The great powers that were the victors of World War II – the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, France, China and the United States – serve as the body’s five permanent members. In addition, the council has 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis to serve a term of two years. More Info

Newly Elected Finland PM Sanna Marin Becomes the Worlds Youngest PM

On 10th December 2019, Sanna Marin was elected as the Prime Minister of Finland who at age 34, is the world’s youngest sitting Prime Minister and Finland’s third female to become the Prime Minister. The coalition government is in power with 4 other parties whose leaders are also women under the age of 35.

Crux of the Matter
  • Social Democrat Party in coalition with four other parties have a comfortable majority of 117 seats in the 200 seat parliament.
  • Sanna Marin who is an elected MP from the electoral district of Pirkanmaa was chosen by her Social Democratic party on December 8.
  • Her all-women cabinet comprises of Katri Kulmuni, Maria Ohisalo, Li Andersson and Anna-Maja Henriksson who are the leaders of the coalition parties.
  • She replaced the outgoing prime minister Antti Rinne as he lost the confidence vote.
  • She belongs a modest background and has encountered a lot of stigmas when her mother was in a same-sex relationship. She now also has a 22-month-old daughter.
  • Sanna Marin after becoming the PM said, “I want to build a society in which every child can become anything and in which every human being can live and grow old with dignity.”
Curiopedia

Sanna Mirella Marin is a Finnish politician who became the Prime Minister of Finland on 10 December 2019. She graduated from the Pirkkala High School in 2004 at the age of 19. She graduated from the University of Tampere with a Master of Administrative Sciences in 2017. She joined the Social Democratic Youth in 2006 and served as its first Vice President from 2010 to 2012. She was the Minister of Transport and Communications between 6 June 2019 and 10 December 2019. She is also the third female head of government of her country, after Anneli Jäätteenmäki and Mari Kiviniemi – both of whom were members of the Centre Party. More Info