Conjuring 3 released on 4th June, adding another accomplishment in the universe of horror flick cap. Horror films have been a part of cinema since the time movie industry began in the late 19th century. Let’s have a look at the history of this genre.
Crux of the Matter
What Is Horror Genre?
This genre has its roots in literature. It seeks to elicit fear and suspense through disturbing and dark subjects. There are several types which are: supernatural, psychological, slasher and science fiction.
First Horror Film
- 1896 movie Le Manoir du Diable by Georges Melies.
- It is also known as The House of the Devil.
- It released as The Haunted Castle in US and The Devil’s Castle in Britain.
Era Of Adaptations
- The early 20th Century saw a lot of adaptations.
- Filmmakers turned towards literature classics like Frankenstein for material.
- First horror film adaptation: Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1908)
The Golden Age
- 1920s and 1930s considered the finest ages of the genre.
- During the 30s, the word “horror” as a genre was used first time in the industry.
- Classic films like Nosferatu (1922), The Mummy (1932) and others were produced.
- Freaks (1932) underwent heavy censoring, and was banned for 30 years in UK.
- Themes of invasion, radioactive mutation became prevalent.
- Example: War of the Worlds (1953), Godzilla (1954).
The World Of Alfred Hitchcock
- He is known as the Master of Suspense.
- Responsible for establishing the slasher genre.
- Produced horror films from 40s to 70s.
- His film Psycho (1960) is considered one of the most impactful horror films.
The Conjuring Universe
- The films under this banner have defined a whole decade of horror movies.
- The timeline in the films is between 1952-1981.
- The universe has 7 films with Conjuring 3 being the 8th installment.
- First film of the franchise: The Conjuring (2013)
- “The Silence of the Lambs” is the only horror movie that has won an Oscar for best picture. It was directed by Jonathan Demme and the movie Hannibal was made as its sequel.
- The first real horror movie made and released in the Indian film industry was Kamal Amrohi’s Mahal in 1949. The film starred Ashok Kumar and Madhubala in leading roles and was a major box office hit and led Madhubala and Lata Mangeshkar into stardom.
- Goosebumps, the series of books authored by best-selling children’s author R. L. Stine was recently adapted into a horror comedy film and released in 2015. It was directed by Rob Letterman and starred Jack Black as R. L. Stine.
- New York Film Academy: How Horror Movies Have Changed Since Their Beginning
- Studiobinder: What is Horror? Definition and Examples in Film
- Medium: The History of Horror Films
- Reddit: How ‘The Conjuring’ Universe Defined the Entire Decade of Horror
- ScreenRant: Psycho & 9 Of The First Slashers Ever Released