Russia Found Guilty Of Human Rights Violation In Georgia War

Russia Found Guilty Of Human Rights Violation In Georgia War

In a landmark verdict, the European Court of Human Rights has found Russia guilty of Human Rights violation in Georgia in 2008. In that light, let’s look at what happened there as well as several wars Russia has been engaged in with former Soviet territories.

Crux of the Matter

Recent Claim
The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) recently found Russia guilty of human rights violations during its 2008 war with Georgia. It was found guilty of civilian killings, property destruction, torturing prisoners of war, etc.

2008 Russia-Georgia War
All regions involved are former parts of the Soviet Union. Also, South Ossetia and Abkhazia are officially part of Georgia but consider themselves autonomous.

  • 2006: Georgia publicly accused Russia of supporting the two regions’ separatism.
  • August 2008: Georgia launched an attack on South Ossetian to “neutralize separatist positions”. The attack came after months of clashes between the two.
  • Russia immediately launched an attack on Georgia – reached within 30km of Tbilisi (Georgian capital).

The war, lasting 5 days, saw more than being 228 Georgian civilians killed. In its report, the European Union (EU) also found Russia guilty of ‘long history of provocation‘ and ‘disproportionate reaction’.

Russia has been involved in conflicts with several nations previously being part of the Soviet Union. The major such wars are as follows.

First Chechnya War
Chechnya is a Muslim majority region, which declared independence from Russia after the Soviet breakdown.

  • 1994: Chechens under Akhmad Kadyrov declared jihad (holy war) on Russia after it invaded Chechnya against separatist forces.
  • 1996: Russia retreated, making Chechnya practically independent.

Second Chechnya War

  • Islamic extremism increased in the region – Akhmad Kadyrov switched to the Russian side.
  • 1999: Russia launched an attack after Chechen rebels allegedly killed 300+ people in bombing attacks inside Russia.
  • Such guerilla attacks continued, but Russia eventually won in 2009 and gained control of Chechnya.

Ukraine Crisis

  • February 2014: Pro-Russian Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych was overthrown after pro-West protests broke in the nation.
  • Russia soon annexed Crimea (belonging to Ukraine) – part of re-establishing authority and partly due to its expansionism.
  • 13,000 people were killed, out of which 3,300 were civilians as per 2019 UN report.

Read about Russia’s relationship with Germany here.

  • The Russo-Georgian War was regarded as the first European war of the 21st century. Since the war, Russia has occupied Abkhazia and South Ossetia in violation of the ceasefire agreement of August 2008.
  • The Rose Revolution was a change of power in Georgia in November 2003. The revolution was brought about by widespread protests over the disputed parliamentary elections and culminated in the ousting of President Eduard Shevardnadze, which marked the end of the Soviet era of leadership in the country.
  • The Battle of Tskhinvali was a battle for the city of Tskhinvali, capital of the breakaway state of South Ossetia. It was the only major battle in the Russo-Georgian War.

Mockery Of Human Rights By UNHRC Members

Mockery Of Human Rights By UNHRC Members

With China, Russia, Pakistan, etc. being elected to the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC), the organization took another step for enhancing its reputation. Let us take a look at the human rights issues of the elected as well as the nominated nations.

Crux of the Matter

Elected And Nominees
Russia, China, Pakistan, Cuba, Uzbekistan and Nepal were recently elected to the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) Board, where Saudi Arabia was also among the nominees. The mentioned nations have been elected for a 3 year term starting from January 2021.

An NGO named UN Watch compared the situation to “making a gang of arsonists into the fire brigade”.

Following are the notable ‘Human Rights achievements‘ of the mentioned nations:


  • More than 1 million Uighur Muslims are held in detention camps in Xinjiang.
  • Cases of forced labour, forced sterilization and organ harvesting have been reported in Xinjiang.
  • Recently imposed Security Law in Hong Kong to curb dissent and reportedly uses forced labour in Tibet.


  • Alexei Navalny, a critic of Putin, was recently poisoned allegedly by Russia agents.
  • Several opposition leaders and journalists have been killed in recent years.
  • Annexed Crimea from Ukraine in 2014.

Saudi Arabia

  • Saudi Arabia executed a record 184 people in 2019 as per Human rights group ‘Reprieve’.
  • Limb amputations have been used as punishment, and flogging was used as a punishment method till April 2020.
  • Women need a male guardian’s permission to marry or file a lawsuit.
  • Several activists and journalists have been imprisoned or have ‘disappeared’. Most notable recent case is of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, who was killed at the Saudi Consulate in Turkey in 2018 by Saudi agents.


  • Forced conversions: More than 1,000 Christian and Hindu girls are forced to convert to Islam and marry Muslim men per year as per the Movement for Solidarity and Peace (MSP) report.
  • Death penalty for blasphemy (insult to Islam). More than 40 people are on a death row for blasphemy as per the recent Human Rights Watch report.\
  • Faisal Khan, a 15-year-old boy, recently shot dead an American citizen accused of blasphemy inside a Court in Pakistan. The case went viral after Police guards reportedly clicked a selfie with Faisal in admiration.
  • Several Balochistan activists have been abducted and disappeared in recent years. Around 1,000 Baloch activists and separatists have been killed between 2011 and 2016 alone. Balochistan is a resource-rich region, but most of its resources are diverted to the Chinese controlled Gwadar port. As of 2017, 90% of the Balochistan population lives without clean drinking water.

Read about the unusual nominees of Nobel Prize Peace Award 2020 here: Unusual Nominees Of Nobel Peace Prize 2020

  • The World Food Programme is the food-assistance branch of the UN and the world’s largest humanitarian organization focused on hunger and food security. The World Food Programme launched its first programmes in 1963 through the Food and Agriculture Organization and the UN General Assembly on a three-year experimental basis, supporting the Nubian population.
  • Leopold II was the second King of the Belgians and the owner & absolute ruler of the Congo Free State from 1865 to 1909. Leopold’s administration of the Congo was characterised by atrocities, including torture and murder, resulting from notorious systematic brutality. Modern estimates range from 1 million to 15 million deaths.
  • Genocide is the intentional action to destroy a people—usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group—in whole or in part. A term coined by Raphael Lemkin in his 1944 book “Axis Rule in Occupied Europe”.

India Shows Pakistan Mirror at UNHRC

In the ongoing session on Human Rights at the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), India has portrayed a strong anti-terrorism view. Pakistan’s attempt to internationalize the Kashmir issue was slammed by India by showing it a mirror of terrorism and other nefarious activities.

Crux of the Matter

India Strong at UNHRC
India slammed Pakistan at UNHRC for supporting terrorism in the state. Pakistan tried to internationalize the ‘Abrogation of Article 370’ by stating that India violated Human Rights in the Valley.

Stop public advocacy and support for terrorists by Pakistani leadership at the highest level, end illegal and forcible occupation and reverse the demographic changes in Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir and take structural reforms to develop a semblance of democracy in Pakistan.

– Vimarsh Aryan, First Secretary in India’s Permanent Mission

In turn, India criticized Pakistan for violating the human rights of its citizens and promoting regional instability by giving shelter to terrorist organizations like JeM in Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK). India came up with a list of recommendations for Pakistan.

Last year, in Pulwama 40 CRPF jawans died as a result of an attack on an army convoy. Since then NIA ( National Intelligence Agency) has been finding the faces behind the attack. Recently NIA informed that Sakhir Bashir Magery confessed that he had given shelter to Adil Ahmad Dar and Pakistani terrorist Mohammad Umar Farooq in his house.

The agency further added that Magrey, who owns a furniture shop, “provided shelter and other logistical assistance to the suicide-bomber Adil Ahmad Dar. He was introduced to Adil Ahmad Dar in mid-2018 by a Pakistani terrorist Mohammad Umar Farooq and he became a full-time OGW of JeM.”

Facing persistent terrorist activities from Pakistan sponsored and motivated terrorists, India slammed Pakistan at every front for not curbing terrorist activities in the state.


Human Rights in Pakistan – Pakistan is known for widespread discrimination against religious minorities, with attacks against Christians, Hindus, Ahmadiyya, Shia, Sufi and Sikh communities being widespread. These attacks are usually blamed on religious extremists but certain laws in the Pakistan Criminal Code and government inaction have only caused these attacks to surge higher. Sunni militant groups operate with impunity across Pakistan, as law enforcement officials either turn a blind eye or appear helpless to prevent widespread attacks against religious minorities.

The increasing Islamization has caused many Hindus to leave Hinduism and seek emancipation by converting to other faiths such as Buddhism and Christianity. Such Islamization include the blasphemy laws, which make it dangerous for religious minorities to express themselves freely and engage freely in religious and cultural activities.

Minority members of the Pakistan National Assembly have alleged that Hindus were being hounded and humiliated to force them to leave Pakistan. Hindu women have been known to be victims of kidnapping and forced conversion to Islam. Hindus in what is now Pakistan have declined from 23% of the total population in 1947 to 1.5% today. Pakistan has been condemned for systematic state-sponsored religious discrimination against Hindus through bigoted “anti-blasphemy” laws. There are numerous reports of millions of Hindus being held as “bonded laborers” in slavery-like conditions in rural Pakistan, something repeatedly ignored by the Pakistani government. More Info


World Human Rights Day


Human Rights Day is celebrated annually across the world on 10 December every year. The date was chosen to honour the United Nations General Assembly’s adoption and proclamation, on 10 December 1948, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), the first global enunciation of human rights and one of the first major achievements of the new United Nations. The formal establishment of Human Rights Day occurred at the 317th Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly on 4 December 1950, when the General Assembly declared resolution 423(V), inviting all member states and any other interested organizations to celebrate the day as they saw fit. The day is normally marked both by high-level political conferences and meetings and by cultural events and exhibitions dealing with human rights issues. In addition it is traditionally on 10 December that the five-yearly United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights and Nobel Peace Prize are awarded. Many governmental and non-governmental organizations active in the human rights field also schedule special events to commemorate the day, as do many civil and social-cause organizations. More Info

Dystopian-Styled Detention Camps in China for Ethnic Minorities like Uighurs

Secret documents pertaining to the internal communication of the Chinese agencies that gave a horrifying picture of what could be a minorities’ detention camp in Xinjiang Province were released. Allegedly, minorities like Uighurs, Kazakhs, and other Muslims living around the region are put into these camps in the name of re-education and are brutally enforced to learn Chinese ideology.

Crux of the Matter
  • Nearly 1 million ethnic minority citizens are kept under hardcore surveillance and severe camping conditions in the Xinjiang Province of China. Surveillance systems helped in finding and transferring these people to detention for re-education merely because they seemed suspicious.
  • The Chinese government has denied the reports, calling them pure fabrication.
  • The severity of the camps is such that detainees are monitored even while they eat, use urinals, or take bath. They are not allowed to have any contact with the outside world except talking to their family members once a week under tight supervision.
  • According to the leaked documents, the camp has been perpetrating Chinese ideology through the means of the atonement of old dangerous ideology, strict routines, inhuman behaviours, et al.
  • The Xinjiang Re-education Camps, officially called Vocational Education and Training Centers by the government of the People’s Republic of China, are concentration camps that have been operated by the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Regional government for the purpose of interning Uyghur Muslims since 2014. The New York Times stated the leak suggests discontent inside the Communist Party relating to the crackdown in Xinjiang. The anonymous government official that leaked the documents did so with the intent that the disclosure “would prevent party leaders, including Mr. Xi, from escaping culpability for the mass detentions”. Read More