India-Israel Relations Since 1990s

India-Israel Relations Since 1990s

After looking at the praise on new Farm laws of India by the Israel envoy and the history of the 2 nations in the previous century, let us take a look at their relations which have steadily progressed since India officially recognized Israel in 1992.

Crux of the Matter

India-Israel Relations In Recent Decades

1990s

  • 1991: Israel reportedly provided electronic equipment for the Mig-21 fleet after the traditional supplier Soviet Union collapsed.
  • 1992: Official relations established between the 2 nations under Indian PM PV Narasimha Rao.
  • 1999: Israel solved India’s deficiency of “targeting equipment” during the Kargil War. It flew technicians to fit ‘Litening targeting pods’ on the Mirage jets of Indian Air Force (IAF), which transformed unguided bombs to “laser-guided munitions”.

India And Israel 21st Century

  • 2007: Yona Metzger, former Chief Rabbi of Israel, claimed that “Jews have lived in India for over 2,000 years and have never been discriminated against… [which] is something unparalleled in human history”.
  • 2007: Commercial Olive production was initiated in Rajasthan, as 112,000 olive plants were imported from Israel.

Relations between the 2 nations have strengthened since the election of PM Modi in 2014.

  • 2015: India abstained from voting in the UN Human Rights Council resolution, which condemned Israel for the 2014 Gaza violence.
  • 2015: Pranab Mukherjee became the first Indian President to visit Israel.
  • 2017: Narendra Modi became the first Indian Prime Minister to visit Israel. India was Israel’s largest customer of arms in 2017, with the latter being among the top 4 arms suppliers to India in the last 20 years.
  • 2019: UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) passed Israel’s resolution to not provide observer status to the Palestinian organization ‘Shahed’ at UN institutions. India was among the nations voting in favour of the resolution, which was a notable change from its neutral position in the Israel-Palestine conflict.
  • 2019: India used the ‘Surface-to-air PYthon and DERby’ (SPYDER) “defence missile system” of Israel to shoot down a Pakistani drone at the Gujarat border.
  • June 2020: The SPYDER was deployed at the India-China border amidst border conflicts.

Curiopedia
  • The World Food Programme is the food-assistance branch of the UN and the world’s largest humanitarian organization focused on hunger and food security. The World Food Programme launched its first programmes in 1963 through the Food and Agriculture Organization and the UN General Assembly on a three-year experimental basis, supporting the Nubian population.
  • Leopold II was the second King of the Belgians and the owner & absolute ruler of the Congo Free State from 1865 to 1909. Leopold’s administration of the Congo was characterised by atrocities, including torture and murder, resulting from notorious systematic brutality. Modern estimates range from 1 million to 15 million deaths.
  • Genocide is the intentional action to destroy a people—usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group—in whole or in part. A term coined by Raphael Lemkin in his 1944 book “Axis Rule in Occupied Europe”.

Israel Envoy Praises India’s Farm Bills

Israel Envoy Praises India's Farm Bills

As the Israel Envoy to India praised India’s new Farm Bills, let us look at the history of India-Israel relations from non-recognition to ‘close ties’.

Crux of the Matter

Praise From Israel
Ron Malka, the envoy of Israel to India, praised the Farm Bills recently passed in India. He claimed that opening the Indian farm market would ensure change in 2 steps:

  • 1st Phase: Enables farmers to “get what they deserve”.
  • 2nd Phase: Enhances “’supply-demand coordination”.

He predicted a better efficiency in agriculture and “better crops” for consumers in the long run for India. Providing an example of his own country, he said that Israel has “no middlemen” and has “very advanced digital platforms” to directly connect farmers with customers.

Malka also claimed that Israel’s “most successful collaboration on agriculture is with India”. He notified about “29 centres of excellence in agriculture” in India, which have trained 1,47,000 Indian farmers in 1 year.

Malka announced that a new Covid-19 testing kit, jointly developed by India and Israel, would be available in “a matter of days”. It is expected to show results within 30 seconds. Moreover, Uttar Pradesh and Israel signed a water-management agreement in August 2020. The agreement would aid the Bundelkhand region with the Israeli water-model.

India-Israel Relations In 20th Century

Till 1950s
India backed Palestine and did not share cordial relations with Israel earlier.

  • 1947: India voted against the partition of Palestine from which Israel was formed.
  • 1949: India voted against the admission of Israel in the United Nations (UN), though Israel was admitted as the majority of the nations backed it.
  • 1950: India finally recognized the state of Israel after 60+ countries did it. However, it didn’t establish official diplomatic relations. PM Nehru said that “we refrained from recognizing Israel because of our desire not to offend the sentiments of our friends in the Arab countries”.

1960s – 1970s

  • 1962: Israel provided arms and strategic information to India amidst the Indo-China war.
  • 1965: Israel provided arms to India amidst its war with Pakistan, when both the US and the Soviet refused to aid India.
  • 1971: War erupted between India and Pakistan over Bangladesh’s separation. Israel provided arms to India and the ‘Mukti Bahini’ which defeated Pakistan and created Bangladesh. However, Indian PM Indira Gandhi refused to establish official relations with Israel even after the war.

To know the recent history of India and Israel, check this story out: India-Israel Relations Since 1990s

Curiopedia
  • Israel is a world leader in the invention of new technologies. Some of the technologies it has produced are: the cell phone, voice mail technology, the first antivirus software, the Pentium MMX chip technology and most of the Window NT operating system.
  • The Camp David Accords were a pair of political agreements signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on 17 September 1978. Due to the agreement, Sadat and Begin received the shared 1978 Nobel Peace Prize
  • As a personal gesture, Israel named a new type of Crysthanamum flower after PM Narendra Modi. The name “chrysanthemum” is derived from the Ancient Greek word for Gold Flower.