The Defence Research and Development Organisation or DRDO has developed indigenous products like heating devices and snow melters, in order to help Indian Army’s soldiers deployed in Eastern Ladakh fight off extremely low temperatures.
Crux of the Matter
Fighting Both Cold And Enemies At The Siachen Base Camp
- Located 12,000 feet above sea level north of Leh, Ladakh, it is part of the highest battlefield in the world.
- Temperatures going down to as low as -86°C, with 300 kmph blizzards.
- 50,000+ Indian troops deployed there.
Helps protect soldiers from frostbite and sunburns, along with preventing/curing cuts, wounds and surgical dressing of the skin.
Bukhari, The Space Heating Device
This shall be deployed in the habitats of Indo-Tibetan Border Police and Indian Army
- At high altitude, high speed wind blows, this device (also called Himtapak) has 3 horizontal double-layered plates which can cut the air and make it blast-proof.
- With 6 litre capacity and 100% combustion, there is no production of hazardous gases like carbon monoxide.
- As per DRDO, its oil consumption is 50%, which saves ₹3,650 crores a year.
Flexible Water Bottle
There is an integrated, detachable filter inside it and the bottle can withstand -50°C to -100°C temperatures, keeping the water in liquid form.
Solar Snow Melter
Using solar energy, this device melts snow and stores water to -40° C in a 5-litre water tank attached to it.
Are These Devices Being Used Now?
No, but they will be soon. Army has already placed orders worth ₹420 crores of Himtapak devices. The water bottles have been given for trial purposes in Siachen, Khardungla and Tawang. Even India’s first indigenous machine pistol ASMI is set to replace the 9mm pistols used currently.
Who Helps DRDO In Such Innovative Ventures?
The Defence Institute of Physiology & Allied Sciences (DIPAS) of DRDO. Established in 1962 and located in Delhi, it conducts physiological and biomedical research to improve human performance in extreme, wartime environments
Shakti By Major Anoop Mishra
It is the world’s first flexible bulletproof vest for both male and female combatants. The ballistic jacket will be able to absorb the impact and reduce/stop penetration to the torso from shrapnel and firearm-based projectiles.
- Operation Rajiv was a successful Indian Army operation to capture a high point along the Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL) in the Siachen area in 1987. The peak, which was earlier named as Quaid Post by Pakistan, was renamed as Bana Top (also called Bana Post) by India after the victory.
- The Siachen Glacier is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world’s non-polar areas. The Siachen Glacier lies immediately south of the great drainage divide that separates the Eurasian Plate from the Indian subcontinent in the extensively glaciated portion of the Karakoram sometimes called the “Third Pole”.
- The Defence Research and Development Organisation’s motto is the Sanskrit phrase “बलस्य मूलं विज्ञानम्”. It translates to ‘Strength’s Origin is in Knowledge’.