Naval Version of Tejas successfully undertakes maiden ski-jump take-off from INS Vikramaditya

The indigenously built naval variant of Tejas aircraft developed by DRDO made its first landing on the deck of INS Vikramaditya on 12th January 2020. The light combat aircraft took off from the ‘ski-jump’ deck of the aircraft carrier.

Crux of the Matter
  • The ski-jump is the upwardly curved ramp that provides sufficient take-off lift for fighter jets.
  • Both the landing and take off by the aircraft has made India a part of the select group of countries with the capability to operate a jet from an aircraft carrier.
  • The naval version of Tejas light combat aircraft is in the development stage. 
  • The Indian Air Force has already inducted a batch of Tejas aircraft and further plans to induct 83 aircrafts costing Rs. 50,000 crores.
  • DRDO has developed the new naval variant of Tejas in collaboration with Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA), Aircraft Research and Design Centre of Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd, Centre for Military Airworthiness and Certification (CEMILAC) and CSIR.
  • Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said, “it a great event in the history of Indian fighter aircraft development programme.”
Curiopedia

The Defence Research and Development Organisation is an agency of the Government of India, charged with the military’s research and development, headquartered in New Delhi. It was formed in 1958 by the merger of the Technical Development Establishment and the Directorate of Technical Development and Production of the Indian Ordnance Factories with the Defence Science Organisation. With a network of 52 laboratories engaged in developing defence technologies covering various fields, like aeronautics, armaments, electronics, land combat engineering, life sciences, materials, missiles, and naval systems, DRDO is India’s largest and most diverse research organisation. The organisation includes around 5,000 scientists belonging to the Defence Research & Development Service (DRDS) and about 25,000 other scientific, technical and supporting personnel. More Info

Bipin Rawat's Watch Continues, Now as Chief of Defence Staff

India’s first Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) has been announced. As expected, Bipin Rawat, the Army Chief that retires this year, was named for the Herculian post of CDS. He will serve as the joint-man of the armed forces until the age of 65.

Crux of the Matter
  • Narendra Modi, in his Independence Day Speech, announced that the post of Chief of Defence Staff will be created.
  • Bipin Rawat, who was retiring on 31st December as the Army Chief, was appointed as India’s first Chief of Defence Staff. Rawat, who is 61, will be able to serve as incumbent until the age of 65 as per the amendment that the retiring age of CDS would be 65 years.
  • Bipin Rawat will be 4-star General, who will lead the Generals of the tri-services in joint operations, logistics, procurement, and strategy development.
  • He will also head the newly developed Cyber and Space Departments of the tri-services.
  • CDS Rawat who has commanded the Gorkha Regiment and has been active on LAC also has acquired a gamut of experience through partaking in missions against Pakistan and China. His progressive mindset has developed the Indian Army technologically, mentally, and strategically.
Curiopedia

Bipin Rawat was commissioned into the 5th battalion of 11 Gorkha Rifles on 16 December 1978, the same unit as his father. He has lots of experience in high altitude warfare and spent ten years conducting Counter-insurgency operations. During his career span of 37 years, he has been awarded for gallantry and distinguished service with the Param Vishisht Seva Medal, Uttam Yudh Seva Medal, Ati Vishisht Seva Medal, Yudh Seva Medal, Sena Medal, Vishisht Seva Medal and the COAS Commendation on two occasions and the Army Commander’s Commendation. More Info

Social Media, Smartphones Banned at Naval Bases, Docks & Ships: Indian Navy

Indian Navy has issued new guidelines regarding the usage of smartphones by Naval Officers. Accordingly, all Navy Personnel are banned from using social media and even smartphones at naval dockyards, bases, and onboard warships. This comes after 7 people were arrested for leaking sensitive information pertaining to warship location and strategies.

Crux of the Matter
  • Strict measures banning the use of smartphones or social media were announced by the Indian Navy. A senior Navy Personnel said, “All social networking platforms including Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp and other messengers from here on now will not be allowed at the naval bases and ships,”
  • Indian Navy, in conjunction with Central Intelligence agencies and Naval Intelligence, got hold of a racket that transmitted sensitive information through social media to enemy intelligence agencies.
  • Navy men had venereal conversations online with female accounts. Espionage was carried out through blackmailing the arrested Navy Personnel. Movement and position of warships were sought in return of not disclosing the chats.
  • These Navy men were also paid some amount every month through a hawala operator, who also transmitted information to and fro.
  • 3 Navy sailors from Vishakhapatnam, 2 from Mumbai naval base, and 2 from Karwar naval base were arrested by Andhra Pradesh Police.
Curiopedia

Indian Naval Accidents – Naval accidents have been attributed to ageing ships in need of maintenance (refit/repairs delayed in spite of laid down rules for refit cycles), delayed acquisitions by the Ministry of Defence, and human error. However naval commentators also argue that as India’s large navy of 160 ships clocks around 12,000 ship-days at sea every year, in varied waters and weather, some incidents are inevitable. Captains of erring ships are dismissed from their command following an enquiry. The accident on board the submarine INS Sindhuratna led to the resignation of the then Chief of Naval Staff (CNS) Admiral D K Joshi on 26 February 2014, who assumed moral responsibility for the loss. More Info

Union Cabinet Nod for Chief of Defence Staff

Narendra Modi led Union Cabinet gave a nod for the post of Chief of Defence Staff. The officer will be a four-star general but will have seniority over the heads of three armed forces. The CDS will provide jointmanship to the combination of armed forces.

Crux of the Matter
  • The post of the CDS received a green signal from the Union Cabinet. However, the name of the incumbent has not been announced yet.
  • CDS will deal with the integration of the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force. As a part of the integration, CDS will formulate joint commands and overlook the equipment purchases for the same.
  • CDS will also deal with the Cyber and Space related areas of the Tri-service.
  • CDS will act as the Principal Military Advisor to the Defense Minister. CDS will also be Military Advisor to the Nuclear Command Authority.
  • CDS will also look after the implementation of the Five-year Defense Capital Acquisition Plan (DCAP) and Annual Acquisition Plans (AAP).
Curiopedia

Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) is a proposed position for the combined chief of the Indian Army, Air Force and Navy. It was first officially suggested in 1999 following the Kargil War through the recommendations of the Kargil Review Committee. The official call was made public by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his Independence Day speech on 15 August 2019. It is speculated that whereas the Defense Secretary will be the main “defence” advisor, the CDS will assume the role of being the main “military” advisory, acting as the single-point military adviser to the government and Prime Minister. India is the only large democracy which does not have a single point military advisor; with all P5 countries having one. More Info

Veteran Military Leaders of India Discuss the Requirement of Chief of Defence Staff

A panel discussion at the third Military Literature Festival held in Punjab talked about the need for the post of a Chief of Defence Staff in India. Considering the contemporary times, India needs a CDS and will get one in the coming days, said former Defence Secretary Shekhar Dutt.

Crux of the Matter
  • Lt Gen (Retd) Aditya Singh, Air Marshal (Retd) Manmohan Bahadur, former defence secretary Shekhar Dutt, advisor to British High Commission New Delhi Brig Gavin Thompson and Lt Gen (Retd) Sanjeev Langer were the panel members who discussed the importance and role of Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) in India.
  • Panel members agreed to the proposition that an apex body to assist ‘jointmanship‘ is required. CDS is aimed at providing joint military advice to the conflux of security services.
  • CDS would establish co-ordination between the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force.
  • The position of the CDS would be a four-star official, who would be considered senior to the other three four-star officials of Army, Navy, and Air Force.
  • Comparing with security models of USA, France, China et al., Lt Gen (Retd) Sanjeev Langer proposed to depute armed forces permanently into the Ministry of Defence and let the CDS manage the conflux and its aspects of training, joint planning, modern warfare, budgeting, defence equipment purchases, et al.
  • A CDS will be in charge of devising warfare tactics and operational plans for Armed forces. Previously it was handled by the head of the Ministry of Defence.
Curiopedia

Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) is a proposed position for the combined chief of the Indian Army, Air Force and Navy. It was first officially suggested in 1999 following the Kargil War through the recommendations of the Kargil Review Committee. The official call was made public by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his Independence Day speech on 15 August 2019. It is speculated that whereas the Defense Secretary will be the main “defence” advisor, the CDS will assume the role of being the main “military” advisory, acting as the single-point military adviser to the government and Prime Minister. India is the only large democracy which does not have a single point military advisor; with all P5 countries having one. More Info