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From McCarthyism to Trumpism

Crux of the Matter

Public Statement by White House on National Security & Defence: “Rebuilding U.S. deterrence to preserve peace through strength must be our Nation’s top priority. The unprecedented era of peace that followed World War II revealed that the free world is safest when America is strongest. The slow depletion of our military in recent years has resulted in an escalation of threats the world over, which President Trump is committed to reversing.”

Curiopedia

McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence. The term refers to U.S. senator Joseph McCarthy (R-Wisconsin) and has its origins in the period in the United States known as the Second Red Scare, lasting from the late 1940s through the 1950s. It was characterized by heightened political repression and a campaign spreading fear of communist influence on American institutions and of espionage by Soviet agents. After the mid-1950s, McCarthyism began to decline, mainly due to the gradual loss of public popularity and opposition from the U.S. Supreme Court led by Chief Justice Earl Warren. The Warren Court made a series of rulings that helped bring an end to McCarthyism. What would become known as the McCarthy era began before McCarthy’s rise to national fame. Following the First Red Scare, in 1947, President Truman signed an executive order to screen federal employees for association with organizations deemed “totalitarian, fascist, communist, or subversive”, or advocating “to alter the form of Government of the United States by unconstitutional means.” More Info

Strong India-Saudi Relations Reaffrimed During Modi Visit

During PM Narendra Modi’s recent visit to Saudi Arabia in the last week of October, both Modi and the Saudi royal family reiterated the strong ties between India and Saudi Arabia and further strengthening of the same. India and Saudi Arabia are seeking greater synergy in terms of business, security, regional hegemony and a quid pro quo towards further trade and mutually beneficial growth.

Crux of the Matter
  • In the backdrop of Pakistan’s attempts to ramp up cross-border terrorism in Kashmir, Saudi Arabia sided with India in condemning global terrorism.
  • Suadi Arabia and India will be conducting joint naval exercises in December. Both naval powers are looking to secure their sovereign maritime interests in the Arabian Sea.
  • PM Modi hailed India-Saudi relations saying, “Our relation with Saudi Arabia is several years old. Our ancient relations has built a strong foundation for our strategic partnership.
  • Modi visited Saudi Arabia at the personal invitation of the Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman and to give a keynote address to the Future Investment Initiative (FII).
  • With the rising unreliability of USA, the long term geopolitical partner of Saudi Arabia and the growing instabilities in the Middle East as well as Pakistan, Saudi Arabia seems to be looking towards India as the future in terms of military and economy co-operations and alliance.
  • Modi stressed on the stability of Indian politics after the consolidation of national power by the BJP, the rapid growth in Indian startup ecosystem as well as skillbase and the importance of petrochemical industry to advocate stronger economic and trade ties between the two nations.
Curiopedia

Indo-Arab Historic Relations – Trade and cultural links between ancient India and Arabia date back to the third millennium BC. By 1000 AD, the trade relations between southern India and Arabia flourished and became the backbone of the Arabian economy. Arab traders held a monopoly over the spice trade between India and Europe until the rise of European imperialist empires. India was one of the first nations to establish ties with the Third Saudi State. During the 1930s, British India heavily funded Nejd through financial subsidies. Formal diplomatic relations between contemporary India and Saudi Arabia were established soon after India gained independence in 1947. Relations between the two countries have strengthened considerably owing to collaboration in regional affairs and trade. Saudi Arabia is one of the largest suppliers of oil to India, who is one of the top seven trading partners and the fifth biggest investor in Saudi Arabia. More Info

IMF: Unemployment and Dismal Economy Causing Unrest in Arab Countries

International Monetary Fund released a statement that massive unemployment and unimpressive economic growth is creating unrest and tensions in the Arabic community. This statement was made keeping Saudi Arabia, Iran and UAE in mind.

Crux of the Matter
  • Several Arab countries are seeing citizens take to the streets to protest against the government, demanding economic reforms and end to corruption.
  • This unrest is further hurting the economy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA region).
  • “The government has to act firmly and swiftly in order to address those imbalances, bring confidence back by addressing the fiscal situation, and lower expenditure,” said Jihad Azour, a member of IMF.
  • The GDP growth rate of the MENA region has fallen from1.1% to 0.1% this year.
Curiopedia

The International Monetary Fund (IMF), also known as the Fund, is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of 189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world while periodically depending on World Bank for its resources. Formed in 1944 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system. It now plays a central role in the management of balance of payments difficulties and international financial crises. Read More

ISIS Chief Eliminated by US Special Forces

ISIS leader Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi has been killed by US special forces. In a special operation condcuted by US army, Baghdadi was cornered and killed on October 26 near the village of Barisha in Syria. The announcement of his death was made by US president Donald Trump.

Crux of the Matter
  • Baghdadi, who was born in Iraq, had taken over as the chief of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) in 2010.
  • In the aftermath of the Iraq War in the early 2000s, Iraq and Syria were left in a state of chaos. ISIS had managed to take over a vast area in Iraq and Syria and had declared itself as a Caliphate, with Abu-Bakr assuming the position of the Caliph.
  • The ISIS were notorious for exerting extreme brutality, undertaking genocides and abusing human rights at unheard of levels in the modern world.
  • Trump, in his annuncement to the world, mentioned that Baghdadi was cornered and died like a coward while failing to run away from the chasing American forces.
Curiopedia

The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria officially known as the Islamic State (IS) and also known by its Arabic-language acronym Daesh is a terrorist group and a former unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist, Salafi jihadist doctrine of Sunni Islam. ISIS gained global prominence in early 2014 when it drove Iraqi government forces out of key cities in its Western Iraq offensive,followed by its capture of Mosul and the Sinjar massacre. The group has been designated a terrorist organisation by the United Nations as well as by many international organisations and individual countries. ISIS is widely known for its videos of beheadings and other types of executions of both soldiers and civilians, including journalists and aid workers, and its destruction of cultural heritage sites. The United Nations holds ISIS responsible for committing human rights abuses, crimes against peace, genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. ISIS also committed ethnic cleansing on a historic and unprecedented scale in northern Iraq. More Info

US to Send Forces to Gulf after Drone Attack on Saudi Oil Field

Last weekend’s drone attack on Saudi Aramco’s oil fields has caused massive damages, as revealed by the company to reporters. Blaming Iran for the attack, the USA plans to send reinforcements to the Gulf at the behest of Saudi Arabia and UAE.

Crux of the Matter
  • On Sept 14, Aramco’s oil fields at Khurais and Abqaiq were attacked by drones, leading to massive fires.
  • Iran-backed Yemeni Houthi insurgents claimed responsibility for the attack.
  • Within 24 hours, operations resumed to 30% and Aramco expects to hit 100% production by end of the month.
  • Long-drawn tensions in the gulf between USA, Iran and Saudi Arabia have escalated in recent times with the seizure of a British oil-tanker by Iran.
  • After the recent oil field attacks, and at the behest of UAE and Saudi Arabia, US forces will be deployed in the region as per the Pentagon.
Curiopedia

Iran-US Relations – During World War II, Iran was invaded by the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, both US allies, but relations continued to be positive after the war until the later years of the government of Mohammad Mosaddegh, who was overthrown by a coup organized by the Central Intelligence Agency and aided by the MI6. This was followed by an era of very close alliance and friendship between Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi’s regime and the US government, which was in turn followed by a dramatic reversal and disagreement between the two countries after the 1979 Iranian Revolution. Iran and the United States have had no formal diplomatic relations since 1980. Since 1995, the United States has had an embargo on trade with Iran. More Info

Image source: livemint