Nanavati Commission gives clean chit to PM Modi in 2002 Gujarat Riots

The Nanavati Commission report on the 2002 Gujarat riots was tabled in the state Legislative Assembly on December 11 which has given a clean chit to the former CM Narendra Modi and his ministers in the involvement in the instigation of the riots.

Crux of the Matter
  • MoS for Home Pradeepsinh Jadeja tabled the final report which was submitted to the then CM Anandiben Patel in 2014.
  • The Commission was appointed after the riots by the Gujarat Government in March 2002 by the then Gujarat CM Narendra Modi.
  • The commission consisted of Retired Justices G T Nanavati & Akshay Mehta. The report is made up of over 1,500 pages and is compiled in 9 volumes.
  • Nanavati Commission did not find any evidence to show that the attacks were instigated by any minister of the state.
  • The report suggests that the police at some places were ineffective in controlling the mob because of their inadequate numbers.
  • The panel reports that the post-Godhra riots in Gujarat were ‘not a pre-planned conspiracy or orchestrated violence‘.
  • The commission also dismissed the evidence and testimonies given by three former IPS officers RB Sreekumar, Rahul Sharma, and Sanjiv Bhatt against the Gujarat government. A departmental inquiry has been recommended against them by the MoS.

The 2002 Gujarat riot was a three-day period of inter-communal violence in the state of Gujarat. Following the initial incident, there were further outbreaks of violence in Ahmedabad for three months; statewide, there were further outbreaks of violence against the minority Muslim population for the next year. The burning of a train in Godhra on 27 February 2002, which caused the deaths of 58 Hindu pilgrims kar sevaks returning from Ayodhya, is cited as having instigated the violence. Following the attack on the train, the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) had called for a statewide bandh. According to official figures, the riots ended with 1,044 dead, 223 missing, and 2,500 injured. Of the dead, 790 were Muslim and 254 Hindu. Many brutal killings and rapes were reported on as well as widespread looting and destruction of property. The Chief Minister of Gujarat at that time, Narendra Modi, was accused of initiating and condoning the violence. More Info

Finance Minister to Review Personal Income Tax Rates

With GST collections of November crossing 1Lakh crore mark; a probable result of the reduction in Corporate Taxes the FM Nirmala Sitharaman hinting towards personal income tax rates said, “the pro-active government will take action at an appropriate time so that tax benefits to individuals are reviewed periodically.”

Crux of the Matter
  • FM believes that a reduction in corporate tax will bring in fresh investments and generate jobs.
  • Nirmala Sitharaman rejected the suggestion that the government does not listen to experts. She highlighted the fact that she met two former finance ministers, Pranab Mukherjee and Manmohan Singh, before presenting her maiden July Budget.
  • In a recent public event Senior Industrialist, Rahul Bajaj also criticised the policies of the government.
  • The minister has been meeting economists, industrialists and other stakeholders to receive suggestion and feedback. She also tweeted a list of her recent meetings across the country.
  • Speaking in the parliament she said, “there has been no decrease in the direct tax collection and the gross mop-up rose 5% till November this fiscal.”
  • Minister clarified and recognised the “strategic importance” of the BSNL and the required capital invested in it to revive it.

The Income-tax Act, 1961 is the changing Statute of Income Tax in India. It provides for levy, administration, collection and recovery of Income Tax. “The Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Act, 2016” to Income-tax Act, 1961 and The Finance Act, 2016 was passed during the 2016 Winter Session of Indian Parliament.enabling people to declare their undisclosed incomes after Indian 500 and 1000 rupee note demonetisation. The government clarified that gold asset in the form of jewellery of People of India was not for taxation as per the introduced Bill. The Opposition, parties, expressed anger against the passed bill in Lok Sabha, that debate was not held. More Info

PM Modi Extended Hand to Work Together, I Denied: Pawar

NCP leader Sharad Pawar, in an interview, said that PM Modi had extended a hand to work with NCP, to which Pawar had refused. He claimed that his daughter, MP Supriya Sule had an offer for a ministerial position in the BJP cabinet.

Crux of the Matter
  • Sharad Pawar and PM Narendra Modi met on the backdrop of the discussions held regarding farmers’ issues. During this meeting, PM Modi had asked Pawar to work together given Pawar’s political experience, said the NCP leader Pawar.
  • “Prime Minister Narendra Modi had insisted on working together with me, as on some issues we have similar opinions. But I refused his offer. …our personal relations are good and they would continue to be, but our working together is not politically possible.” said Pawar.
  • On the 250th session of Rajya Sabha, Modi praised the NCP and its leader Pawar stating that other parties should learn lessons from the NCP on following the parliamentary norms.
  • Pawar has also reciprocated from time to time by stating that he would not oppose the ruling party just for the sake of opposition and that his cooperation would be there in the right matters.

Sharad Govindrao Pawar is an Indian politician from Maharashtra with over 50 years of public service. He holds a position of prominence in politics of India as well as the regional politics of Maharashtra. During his long career, Pawar has served as the Chief Minister of Maharashtra on three occasions and held the posts of Minister of Defence and Minister of Agriculture in the Government of India. He is president of the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP), which he founded in 1999, after separating from the Indian National Congress. He leads the NCP delegation in the Rajya Sabha. Outside of politics, Pawar served as the Chairman of the Board of Control for Cricket in India BCCI from 2005 to 2008 and as the president of the International Cricket Council from 2010 to 2012. More Info

Due to Fiscal Stress; Government Unlikely to Reduce Income Tax

After the reduction in Corporate Tax by 10% there has been a constant pressure on the government to reduce personal income tax; but it is very unlikely to happen due to the slowdown in the economy and the increasing burden of fiscal stress.

Crux of the Matter
  • Government has made income of up to Rs 5 lakh exempt from tax. due to which the government in the last fiscal missed its direct tax collection target.
  • It aims to have a higher revenue this year with a target of Rs 13.80 lakh crore.
  • The government plans on increasing spending social security and reducing tax burden on lower income earners.
  • In the Budget 2019-20 government enhanced the rate of surcharge on individuals with taxable income of more than ₹2 crore with new to 42.74% from 39%.
  • The government needs higher revenue to spend on social security schemes like Ayushman Bharat, MNREGA, PM Awas Yojana and many more.

Income Tax in India – Central Government can levy a tax on any income other than agricultural income, which is defined in Section 10(1) of the Income Tax Act, 1961. The government imposes a tax on taxable income of all persons who are individuals, Hindu Undivided Families (HUF’s), companies, firms, LLP, association of persons, body of individuals, local authority and any other artificial juridical person. Levy of tax on a person depends upon his residential status. The CBDT administers the Income Tax Department, which is a part of the Department of Revenue under the Ministry of Finance, Govt. of India. Income tax is a key source of funds that the government uses to fund its activities and serve the public. More Info