History Of Naxal Movement

History Of Naxal Movement

The recent Naxal attack that took the lives of 22 soldiers in Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh is considered to be a major assault in the last few years. Let us have a look at the history and origin of the Naxal movement who are also known as Maoists.

Crux of the Matter

Origin Of Naxal Movement

  • The Naxalite Movement has its origin in the peasant uprising of 1967 which took place at Naxalbari Village, West Bengal.
  • The peasants, enraged by the exploitation of landlords raised their bows and arrows in rebellion.
  • The peasant revolt was instigated by communist leaders like Charu Mazumdar who was the leader of CPI-M.
  • The Naxalites are considered to be the left wing extremists associated with Maoists.

History of CPI-M

  • 1964: Communist Party of India (Marxist) split from the united Communist Party of India.
  • 1967: CPI-M leaders Charu Mazumdar, Kanu Sanyal and Jangal Santhal launced the armed struggle against landlords.
  • 1969: Inspired by the Maoist ideology, Mazumdar separated from CPI-M and formed the Communist Party of India Marxist- Leninist.

Difference Between Marxism And Maoism

  • Marxism: The Marxist- Leninist ideology believed the proletariat or the working class to be the bearers of revolution.
  • Maoism- The Maoist ideology believed the peasants or the farmers to be the bearers of socialist revolution

Major Naxal Incidents In The Last Decade
Over the years, the violence has increased and there has been several major naxal incidents.

  • April 2010 – The naxalites killed more than 70 CRPF personnels. This is also considered to be one of the most deadliest Naxal assault.
  • May 2013 – The Congress rally happening in the Darbha Valley, Chhattisgarh was targeted. Around 25 leaders were killed.
  • 2017- 25 CRPF officers were killed in Sukma district of Chhattisgarh
  • 2021- The recent Naxal incident in Chhattisgarh that killed around 22 security personnels

  • In the late 1970s, the Peruvian Communist Party, Shining Path developed and synthesized Maoism into Marxism–Leninism–Maoism. It is a contemporary variety of Marxism–Leninism. 
  • The political slogan “Workers of the world, unite!” is one of the rallying cries from the The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. A variation of this phrase (“Workers of all lands, unite”) is also inscribed on Marx’s tombstone.
  • The Order of Lenin was established by the Central Executive Committee on April 6, 1930. The order was the highest civilian decoration bestowed by the Soviet Union.