Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History re-examined the fossil and archaeological record of Shukbah Cave, in Judaean Mountains. Their findings suggest that Neanderthals made use of tech, previously thought to be a trademark of modern humans.
Crux of the Matter
What Is Shukbah Known For?
First excavated in 1928 by Dorothy Garrod, the Shukbah cave has a rich collection of animal bones and stone tools cemented in deposits.
What Does This Mean?
Further studies hinted at the presence of Nubian Levallois technology being used by not just Homo sapiens, but even Neanderthals.
What Is Levallois Technology?
It is the stone knapping technique used to create tools by Neanderthals, across Eurasia 200 to 300 thousand years ago.
“This highlights the geographic range of Neanderthal populations and their behavioral flexibility, and their links to specific stone tool technologies.”Professor Simon Blockley, Royal Holloway, University of London
Neanderthal Vs Homosapien Brain
Studies to determine brain organisation by Dunbar and Pearce have suggested that Neanderthals may have produced other things besides tools.
- In fact, the Neanderthal brain had an increased development in the sensory areas of the brain.
- Homo sapiens showed development in the higher thinking centres of the brain i.e in the frontal lobes.
They Self-Medicated For Pain?
Researchers suggest that they used medicinal plants and then antibiotics, long before the medicines were developed in modern times.
Possible Reasons Of Their Extinction
- Violence from intruding, anatomically modern humans.
- Extinction by interbreeding with early, modern humans.
- Inability to adapt to climate change.
How Did Homo Sapiens Survive?
Homo sapiens were capable of large-scale cooperation, collective learning and survival in extreme conditions. They helped us thrive as a species.
- Feldhofer 1, or Neanderthal 1 is the scientific name of the 40,000-year-old type specimen fossil of the species Homo neanderthalensis, found in August 1856 in a German cave. In 1864 the fossil’s description was first published in a scientific magazine and officially named.
- Neanderthals are named after the valley, the Neandertal, in which the first identified specimen was found. The valley was spelled Neanderthal and the species was spelled Neanderthaler in German until the spelling reform of 1901.