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Remembering Our First Prime Minister Pandit Nehru

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Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was an Indian independence activist, and subsequently, the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. He emerged as an eminent leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi and served India as Prime Minister from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in 1964. He has been described by the Amar Chitra Katha as the architect of India. He was also known as Pandit Nehru due to his roots with the Kashmiri Pandit community while Indian children knew him as Chacha Nehru. His birthday is celebrated as Children’s Day in India. More Info

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Legendary Bureaucrat TN Seshan No More

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Tirunellai Narayana Iyer Seshan was an Indian civil servant who served with the Indian Administrative Service. After serving on various positions in Madras State (now Tamil Nadu) and in various ministries of the Central Government of India, he served as the 18th Cabinet Secretary of India in 1989. He was appointed the 10th Chief Election Commissioner of India (1990–96) and became known for election reforms. He won the Ramon Magsaysay Award for government service in 1996. More Info

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Sardar Patel’s Birth Anniversary Celebrated as ‘Rashtriya Ekta Divas’

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Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950), was an Indian freedom fighter and politician. He served as the first Deputy Prime Minister of India after her independence in 1947. He was an Indian barrister, a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and a founding father of the Republic of India who played a leading role in the country’s struggle for independence and guided its integration into a united, independent nation. In India and elsewhere, he was often called Sardar, meaning “chief” in Hindi, Urdu, and Persian. He acted as Home Minister during the political integration of India and the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947. He organised non-violent civil disobedience against the British Raj during India’s freedom struggle, becoming one of the most influential leaders in India. As the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India, Patel organised relief efforts for refugees fleeing to Punjab and Delhi from Pakistan and worked to restore peace. He led the task of forging a united India, successfully integrating into the newly independent nation those British colonial provinces that had been “allocated” to India as well as 565 princely states that had been released from British suzerainty in 1947. More Info

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35th Death Anniversary of Indira Gandhi

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Indira Gandhi was an Indian politician, stateswoman and a central figure of the Indian National Congress. She was the first and, to date, the only female Prime Minister of India. Indira Gandhi was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India. She served as Prime Minister from January 1966 to March 1977 and again from January 1980 until her assassination in October 1984, making her the second longest-serving Indian Prime Minister, after her father. As Prime Minister, Gandhi was known for her political intransigency and unprecedented centralisation of power. She went to war with Pakistan in support of the independence movement and war of independence in East Pakistan, which resulted in an Indian victory and the creation of Bangladesh, as well as increasing India’s influence to the point where it became the regional hegemon of South Asia. Citing separatist tendencies and in response to a call for revolution, Gandhi instituted a state of emergency from 1975 to 1977 where basic civil liberties were suspended and the press was censored. Widespread atrocities were carried out during the emergency. In 1980, she returned to power after free and fair elections. After Gandhi ordered military action in the Golden Temple in Operation Blue Star, she was assassinated by her own bodyguards and Sikh nationalists on 31 October 1984. In 1999, Indira Gandhi was named “Woman of the Millennium” in an online poll organised by the BBC.