While hosting a meeting with India and China, Russia witnessed prominent guests for its ‘special day’ and enhanced relations with the Indian state.
Crux of the Matter
RIC meet, which is a trilateral meeting between Russia, India, and China, took place on 23rd June through video conferencing. The meeting occurred between the Ministers of External Affairs of the respective nations. No discussion on bilateral issues like the recent border clashes between India and China occurred, with the Russian foreign minister Sergei Lavrov declaring no “need” of mediation.
I don’t think India and China need any help from outside. I don’t think they need to be helped, especially when it comes to country issues. They can solve them on their own… [this means recent events.]Sergei Lavrov, Foreign Minister, Russia
Indian Contribution And Demands
Dr. S Jaishankar, the Minister of External Affairs of India, raised issues like the structure of the UN and called for an increased adherence to the international laws.
Respecting international law, recognizing the legitimate interests of partners, supporting multilateralism and promoting common good is the only way of building a durable world order.Dr S Jaishankar, Minister of External Affairs, India
Dr. Jaishankar also highlighted the contribution of India in international matters and called for a revision in the UN structure.
India made a significant contribution [to achieve victory over Nazism and Fascism], with 2.3 million of its citizens under arms and 14 million more participating in war production. Indian blood was shed at the battlefields of the world, from Tobruk, El Alamein and Montecassino, to Singapore, Kohima and Borneo.Dr S Jaishankar, Minister of External Affairs, India
We helped keep key supply lines open to both your countries, one through the Persian corridor and the other over the Himalayan hump. If Indian personnel were conferred the Order of the Red Star, the medical mission led by Dr Kotnis was a legend in China. So tomorrow, when our military contingent marches through the Red Square, it would be an affirmation of the difference that we made.
Victory Day Parade
On 9th May, the Moscow Victory Day Parade is taken out every year. The event commemorates the victory of the Allies over the Axis Forces in World War II. The date was chosen as Germany surrendered on 9 May 1945.
In 2020, the parade was delayed to 24 June owing to the Covid-19 pandemic. It marked a special occasion for India as its contingent of 75 members from its 3 armed forces took part in the parade.
Rajnath Singh, the Defence Minister of India, attended the parade as a high-profile guest as a part of his 3-day visit to “strengthen the longstanding special and privileged strategic partnership between India and Russia”.
In the meeting, Rajnath Singh also discussed the provision of weapons with Russia, which promised the delivery of S-400 Missile Systems within 2-3 months while “speeding up” the delivery to the possible extent.
Russian Impact In Indian Conflicts
In the early 1960s, Russia offered MiG-21 jets to India to enhance security. However, it stopped the supply in 1962 at the time of the Indo-China war. The situation changed again in 1971 when Russia supported India in the Indo-Pak war by countering the US fleets supporting Pakistan.
In 2019, Russia diverged from Pakistan and China regarding the Kashmir issue. In its statement, Russia declared the removal of article 370 as an “internal matter” of India.
- India is the second-largest market for the Russian defence industry. In 2017, approximately 68% of the Indian Military’s hardware import came from Russia, making Russia the chief supplier of defence equipment.
- The Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation between the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation (FCT) is a twenty-year strategic treaty that was signed by the leaders of the two international powers, Jiang Zemin and Vladimir Putin, on July 16, 2001. The treaty outlines the broad strokes which are to serve as a basis for peaceful relations, economic cooperation, as well as diplomatic and geopolitical reliance.
- On November 23, 2010, at a meeting of the Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin and the Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao, it was announced that Russia and China have decided to use their own national currencies for bilateral trade, instead of the U.S. dollar. The move was aimed to further improve the relations between Beijing and Moscow and to protect their domestic economies during the financial crisis of 2007–2008.
- India Today – FMs focus on multilateralism in key RIC meet, Jaishankar highlights India’s contributions in WWII
- The Hindu – Indian military contingent participates in Victory Day Parade in Russia
- Livemint – The myth of idyllic Indo-Russian ties
- Financial Express – History repeats itself: Why Russia continues to support India on Kashmir issue at the UNSC