The 75th anniversary of the United Nations was marked this year, which was formed when World War II ended in 1945. The UN General Assembly meeting was held online this year from 22 September, with pre-recorded messages from World Leaders being played.
Donald Trump (US President)
Trump continued blaming China for Covid-19 damage while describing the achievements of his tenure. Some of his statements are given here:
We have waged a fierce battle against the invisible enemy, the China virus, which has claimed countless lives in 188 countries.
Even as [China] canceled domestic flights and locked citizens in their homes, the Chinese government and the World Health Organization, which is virtually controlled by China, falsely declared that there was no evidence of human to human transmission.
Our military has increased substantially in size. We spent $2.5 trillion over the last four years on our military. We have the most powerful military anywhere in the world, and it’s not even close.
Xi Jinping (Chinese President)
Jinping downplayed China’s expansionism, took covert jibe at the US and made grand promises.
We will never seek hegemony, expansion, or sphere of influence. We have no intention to fight either a Cold War or a hot war with any country.
We aim to have CO2 emissions peak before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060.
In particular, major countries should act like major countries. They should provide more global public goods, take up their due responsibilities and live up to people’s expectations
Vladimir Putin (Russian President)
Putin offered aid to the UN members while pushing for more open trading across the world.
Russia is ready to provide the UN with all the necessary qualified assistance; in particular, we are offering to provide our vaccine, free of charge, for the voluntary vaccination of the staff of the UN and its offices.
I would like to draw attention once again to Russia’s proposal to create so-called ”green corridors“ free from trade wars and sanctions.
In general, freeing the world trade from barriers, bans, restrictions and illegitimate sanctions would be of great help in revitalizing global growth and reducing unemployment.
Emmanuel Macron (French President)
Macron discussed a multipolar world besides the US and China while highlighting unlawful actions being taken across the world.
The world as it is today cannot come down to simple rivalry between China and the United States, no matter the global weight of these two great powers.
I repeat once more to Russia the need for full light to be shed on the murder attempt on a political opposition figure using a nerve agent, Novichok.
We will not compromise on the activation of a mechanism that the United States is not in a position to activate on its own after leaving the agreement (reactivated sanctions on Iran by the US).
Recep Tayyip Erdogan (Turkish President)
Erdogan raised the issue of Kashmir, again.
The Kashmir conflict, which is also key to the stability and peace in South Asia, is still a burning issue. Steps taken following the abolition of the special status of Jammu & Kashmir further complicated the problem.
In order for the Kashmiri people to look at a safe future together with their Pakistani and Indian neighbours, it is imperative to solve the problem through dialogue and on the basis of justice and equity, but not through collision. Recep Tayyip Erdogan, President of Turkey in 2019 UN General Assembly
Modi called for structural reforms while declaring a need for “multilateralism”.
The declaration acknowledges the need for reform in the United Nation itself. You cannot fight today’s challenges with outdated structures.
Without comprehensive reforms, the UN faces a crisis of confidence. For today’s interconnected world, we need a reformed multilateralism that reflects today’s realities.
T S Tirumurti, India’s permanent representative to the UN, tweeted that “Turkey should learn to respect sovereignty of other nations and reflect on its own policies more deeply”.