10 Point Plan For Green Revolution Launched By UK

10 Point Plan For Green Revolution Launched By UK

Before UK hosts the COP26 UN climate summit next year, it has launched a 10 point plan for green industrial revolution, in order to tackle climate change and create jobs in energy efficient markets. UK’s PM Boris Johnson has set a target for 2030 for its completion.

Crux of the Matter

Why The Sudden Step?
In fact, it is 10 years earlier as it was planned for a 2040 launch. It is part of the UK PM, Boris Johnson’s green industrial revolution, in order to tackle climate change and create jobs in industries like nuclear energy.

What Is This 10-Point Plan?

1. Hydrogen
Have 5 GigaW of “low carbon” hydrogen production capacity for industry, transport, power, homes and for the first town heated by gas.

2. Offshore wind
Produce enough wind to power every home in UK, by quadrupling its production to 40 gigawatts, and supporting up to 60,000 jobs.

3. Shift towards Electric Vehicles
Stopping sales of new petrol and diesel cars and vans, to accelerate the transition to electric vehicles. This would also help in investing in grants to buy electric charge point infrastructure.

4. Advocating Nuclear Power
To push nuclear power as a clean energy source and including provision for a large nuclear plant (probably at Sizewell in Suffolk) – and for small nuclear reactors, that could support 10,000 jobs.

5 & 6. Greener Maritime and Public Transport
To support research projects for zero-emission planes and ships and make public transport, cycling, and walking, more attractive ways to travel.

7. Carbon Capture
Developing technology to capture and store harmful emissions away from the atmosphere, with a target to remove 10M tonnes of CO2.

8 & 9. Energy-efficient Homes and Innovation
Making homes, schools, and hospitals warmer and energy-efficient, by installing 600,000 heat pumps every year via Green Homes Grant for home insulation. Also developing cutting-edge tech to make London, the global centre of green finance.

10. Nature Conservation
Preserving the natural environment, by planting 30,000 hectares of trees every year.

Read More at Summachar: Turning Polluted Air To Tiles

Mixed Reception
While the public remains optimistic hearing about the intricate plan, critics like Ed Miliband, energy and climate change secretary (2008-10), and Green Party MP Caroline Lucas, have criticised the plan. They say that the funding allocated for the good deed does not “remotely meet the scale of what is needed” to tackle unemployment and the climate emergency.

Curiopedia
  • Volkswagen has twelve subsidiary brands: Bugatti, Lamborghini, Bentley, Porsche, Audi, Škoda, SEAT, Ducati, Scania, MAN and Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles. 
  • Adolf Hitler ordered Ferdinand Porsche to manufacture a Volkswagen, which literally means ‘People’s Car’ in German. This car went on to become the Volkswagen Beetle.
  • Volkswagen named several of its cars after wind. Passat – a German word for trade wind; Golf – Gulf stream; Polo – polar winds; Jetta – jet stream.
  • The first car to be manufactured in India was the Hindustan Ambassador. It was built by Morris Motors. It rolled off the lines in mid-1957.

Windsor Castle Opening And Understanding UK’s Political Structure

Windsor Castle Opening And Understanding UK's Political Structure

With the UK recently opening the garden of the Windsor Castle to public, let us take a look at the political structure of the UK with respect to the Queen and its dominion.

Crux of the Matter

Windsor Castle Garden
The Windsor Castle of England recently announced its decision to open its East Terrace Garden to public for the first time in 40 years.

The Windsor Castle is one of the official residences of Queen Elizabeth of Britain and was founded by William the Conqueror in the 11th Century. The garden of the castle currently features a central fountain surrounded by 3,500 rose bushes.

The first garden was created in 1824 during the reign of George IV, later being modified by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert in the 19th century. Prince Philip, the husband of Queen Elizabeth, is credited with the shaping of the current appearance. The castle also has a Royal library, which contains drawings by Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Hans Holbein the Younger, etc.

Royal Residences
The UK has several residences for the royal family, with major places listed as follows:

  • Buckingham Palace: The official residence of the monarch of the UK located in London. Open for tourists only between July and October.
  • Balmoral Castle: Located in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Open to the public from April to July, but provides limited access to the tourists.
  • Windsor Castle: Located in the Berkshire county in England, and recently opened its East Terrace Garden to the public.
  • Palace of Holyroodhouse: Located in Edinburg, Scotland.
    The Queen spends one week in the palace, which is known as the ‘Holyrood week’ and occurs from the end of June to the beginning of July.
  • Clarence House: Located in London, it is the official London residence of Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall.
    Open to the public in the summers.


UK Britain England – What’s What?

  • Great Britain: Island comprising of England, Scotland, and Wales. Also includes outlying islands like the Isle of Wight under the joint administration of the three.
  • United Kingdom (UK): With the full name being ‘The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland’, it is a Sovereign state comprising of England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
    The UK Parliament is located in London, England. Though it holds supreme for the sovereign, considerable autonomy is provided to each country under it. The Parliaments of Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland defer to the UK Parliament only in “reserved matters” like the foreign policy and EU membership.
  • Ireland: Island consisting of Northern Island and the Republic of Ireland. While the Northern Island falls under the jurisdiction of the UK Parliament, the Republic of Ireland operates as an independent state.
  • England: The largest and the most powerful nation of the UK, having the UK Parliament situated in London.


Political Structure
The UK is a “parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy” having both a monarch and the Prime Minister. While the monarch is ‘the head of the state’, the PM is considered ‘the head of the Government’. The current monarch in the UK is Queen Elizabeth II, with Boris Johnson being the PM.

The monarch functions mainly in a ceremonial role currently, having no any political or executive role. However, the monarch keeps in touch with the PM and advises on key matters.

Curiopedia
  • The Gateway of India was erected to commemorate the landing in December 1911 of King-Emperor George V and Queen-Empress Mary, the first British monarch to visit India. At the time of the royal visit, the gateway was not yet built, and a cardboard structure greeted the monarch.
  • Edward Jones was a British teenager who became notorious for breaking into Buckingham Palace multiple times between 1838 and 1841. He later became the subject of a children’s book and the film The Mudlark.
  • One-nation conservatism is a paternalistic form of British political conservatism. It advocates the preservation of established institutions and traditional principles within a political democracy, in combination with social and economic programmes designed to benefit the ordinary person. Boris Johnson identifies as a one-nation conservative.

Removal Of Lockdown In UK Vis A Vis India

Both the United Kingdom (UK) with over 2,75,000 cases and India with over 1,98,000 cases are facing the worst health crisis due to the ongoing pandemic. Over 2 months into the lockdown, both the nations have now stepped up and boldly announced reopening of the country.
Complete Coverage: Coronavirus

Crux of the Matter

Unlocking UK
The latest update by the UK PM Boris Johnson on 28 May has outlined a greater easing of lockdown rules. England with over 1,30,000 cases and 27000+ deaths is the worst affected state in the UK, the government has announced opening up of primary schools in England from June 1 which has sparked debates on the readiness of the schools to implement hygiene and social distancing norms.

The restriction on the use of public transport has been slightly eased and according to the new guidelines the authorities have now no powers to enforce two-meter distancing. On the contrary, the Welsh government has allowed people to go outdoors for the first time in the past 2 months and has decided to keep the schools and universities shut.

The government is taking modest steps in easing lockdown restrictions. I am reasonably confident the measures would be manageable, but the room for manoeuvre is limited.

Robert Jenrick, Communities Secretary

The update has allowed the garden centers and sports that are physically distanced – such as golf – to reopen. Two people from different households are also allowed to meet in outdoor settings, such as parks, as long as they stay more than 2 metres apart. The government also hopes to re-open at least some of the hospitality industry and other public places by July.

Governments Clashing Over Unlocking
The latest guidelines from the government have led to a divergence in lockdown rules between the UK government and the devolved administrations, with Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland keeping stricter measures in place and retaining the message to stay at home.

On 28 May, the NHS Test and Trace scheme was launched, which allows people with coronavirus to trace those they have made contact with and thus reduce further transmission of the virus.

As the number of cases continues to rise steadily; the UK government has been facing tremendous pressures in its politically charged environment earlier to increase the testing capacities and now to manage the lockdown measures in order to avoid a second spike.

India’s Unlock 1.0
On the contrary, the Indian government has called the Lockdown 5.0 as the ‘Unlock 1.0’ under which a phased re-opening of all the activities has been planned out except in the areas of containment zones where the lockdown has been extended till 30th June.

In the first phase of unwinding from June 8, the Ministry of Home Affairs has allowed re-opening of malls, hotels, restaurants, and places of worship. It has also made the use of face masks and social distancing norms compulsory. Night curfew timing has been revised and the movement shall be prohibited between 9 PM to 5 AM. In Phase-2, the Home Ministry has said that consultations will be held with States, UTs, and other stakeholders on the re-opening of academic institutions from July.

Domestic Air travel continues with 1/3rd capacity, railways are increasing the trains steadily whereas metro, cinema halls, international travel, gym, and spa continue to remain closed everywhere and based on the situations opening up for these sectors will be decided in Phase-3.

The restrictions on inter-state and intra-state movements have been fully lifted up and the requirement of e-pass has been removed. The central government has now asked states to issue their own guidelines by assessing the situation.

At a time when India is witnessing new Covid highs each day and monsoon is making an entry on the west coast, India stands at a very critical junction compared to the UK in this fight against coronavirus.

Curiopedia
  • Darkest Hour is a 2017 war drama film directed by Joe Wright and written by Anthony McCarten. Set in May 1940, it stars Gary Oldman as Winston Churchill and is an account of his early days as the Prime Minister of the UK during World War II.
  • The Premier League often referred to as the English Premier League or the EPL outside England, is the soccer league of England. The 2019/20 Premier League season will resume on June 17 after the UK government permitted its return.
  • In April last week, Philanthropist and Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates had commended Prime Minister Narendra Modi‘s leadership and his government’s “proactive measures” such as lockdown and expansion of focused testing in combating the Covid-19 pandemic in India.

UK plays host to 'Pegasus' mastermind Israeli spyware company NSO

Pegasus hacked WhatsApp

The British government is all set to host the infamous Israeli spyware firm NSO Group, which makes the Pegasus spyware, to market its surveillance technologies at a ‘secretivefair. The firm’s technology has allegedly been used by repressive regimes to spy on private messages of journalists and activists. The annual trade fair is organized by the Home Office and the Department for International Trade.

Crux of the Matter

Divine Horse or Destructive Spyware?
NSO’s flagship product is Pegasus, a program that can turn on a phone’s microphone and camera, crawl through emails and messages and collect location data. It specifically advertises its products to Middle Eastern and western intelligence agencies and says Pegasus is intended for governments to fight terrorism and crime. It was recently valued at $1bn in a leveraged buyout that involved the UK private equity fund Novalpina Capital.

Speculation around NSO
The group was reportedly sued last year in the US, by Facebook-owned WhatsApp messenger after 1,400 of its users were hacked over a two-week period. The attackers were able to install the malicious code and surveillance software developed by NSO, on both iPhones and Android phones, by ringing up targets using the app’s phone call function. While the popular messaging app hurried to close the loophole, the Israeli company denied the allegations altogether as the Israeli Ministry of Defence was known to support it as well.

UK’s Exclusive Fair for VVIPs
In the past four years, the trade fair has included countries such as Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the UAE, Oman, Qatar and Hong Kong, whose human rights records have been criticized. The general public has been barred from the fairs. Whitehall memos show that the government has strict criteria for selecting who attends and exhibits. Brochures from previous years show how firms were seeking to sell equipment for many kinds of surveillance, from software that “intercepts” national phone and internet systems to traditional “bugs” that can be attached to cars or hidden in walls.

Road Ahead for NSO

The government will do all it can to help keep British people and British interests safe in the UK and overseas.

– Home Office Spokesperson

It is currently the subject of a lawsuit by international advocacy group Amnesty International, which alleges that the company attempted to hack into one of their employees smartphone. Last week, Reuters revealed that the FBI was also looking into NSO’s role in hacking U.S. residents and companies.

Curiopedia

Spyware is a software that aims to gather information about a person or organization, without their knowledge, and send such information to another entity without the consumer’s consent. Furthermore, spyware asserts control over a device without the consumer’s knowledge, sending confidential information to another entity with the consumer’s consent, through cookies. It is mostly used for the stealing information and storing Internet users’ movements on the Web and serving up pop-up ads to Internet users. Whenever spyware is used for malicious purposes, its presence is typically hidden from the user and can be difficult to detect. Some spyware, such as keyloggers, may be installed by the owner of a shared, corporate, or public computer intentionally in order to monitor users. More Info

Brexit: What is Britain's Way Ahead?

Britain officially left the European Union on 31 January 2020, marked as the Brexit Day. UK and EU will undergo a transition period of 11 months till all the negotiations regarding trade, governance, water distribution, and other things are finalized from both ends. Let us have a look at what will change and what remains unchanged.

Crux of the Matter

Immediate Changes
After separation from the EU, UK will have no representation in EU Parliament and Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) from UK will lose their seats. Moreover, Britain will continue to pay its share in the EU’s budget until the transition period gets over. It will have no part in law and decision making in the EU. Britain will circulate commemorative 50 pence coin in the country with text “peace, prosperity and friendship with all nations”.

Britain may enter into new trade agreements with countries like the USA and Australia. It must be noted that Britain faced restrictions in trade agreements with other countries to conform with EU’s policies.  UK will also negotiate its trade agreements with the EU.

It is speculated that Britain will not want to lose its access to the EU markets for its biggest export industry i.e. the financial services sector, which is likely to be used as leverage by EU demanding the UK to allow fishing in its water.

Unchanged For Now
Travel sector is likely to remain as it is. Both, the UK and EU will continue to follow trade deals without any changes until the transition period gets over. There will be no change in the living and working system in the EU and UK both and people will enjoy the same freedom of movement until the transition period get over.

Curiopedia

European Union free trade agreements – The European Union has concluded free trade agreements (FTAs) and other agreements with a trade component with many countries worldwide and is negotiating with many others.The European Union negotiates free trade deals on behalf of all of its member states, this means individual member states are prohibited from negotiating individual free trade deals with either non EU counties (known as Third Countries) and fellow member states. More Info