UP #2 In Ease Of Doing Business

UP #2 In Ease Of Doing Business

The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, under the Ministry of Commerce published ranks of Ease of Doing Business (EoDB) of states and for the third consecutive year, Andhra Pradesh ranked first. Uttar Pradesh jumped 10 positions, ranking second. Let’s understand how states are ranked and what helped UP secure second position.

Crux of the Matter

How Is The Ranking Done?
In the Ease of Doing Business index states are ranked on the basis of their performance and implementation of new reforms suggested by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT). 187 reforms initiatives across 45 business regulatory areas like easy access to information, paying taxes, obtaining utility permits, contract enforcement, labor, and construction permit enablers, single-window approval systems, and land administration are taken into consideration.

Moreover, states need to upload evidence for verification. States need to provide at least 20 respondents from a list of users that would allow verifying the implementation of new reforms. The state’s performance is “exclusively” linked to user feedback, which means that only ground level and impactful reforms are taken into consideration via the feedback.

UP Aiming To Be First
UP had implemented 186 out of 187 reforms in 2019 and received 62,286 investor-feedbacks till July. Around 73% of users rated services as “satisfactory”. UP has also started implementing the Business Reform Action Plan (BRAP) 2020-21 reforms. So far it has implemented 170 reforms out of the 301 suggested. The state has also commenced ranking its 75 districts in ‘District-wise ease of doing business’. The state also aims to promote and impart transparency and best practices to business-to-government (B2G) interactive procedures.

Digitization The Key
Experts say digital integration played a major role. UP government launched the ‘Nivesh Mitra’ e-portal to facilitate various business processes. In the last two years, 94% of the ~2.3 lakh No Objection Certificate (NOC) applications processed through the portal. Nivesh Mitra portal resolved 98% of 18,120 grievances received.

UP is committed to the call of Prime Minister Narendra Modi for Aatmanirbhar Bharat and making all efforts in this regard. UP achieving the second rank in the EoDB rankings is proof of that.
Yogi Adityanath, UP Chief Minister

Also Read: Will UP Come Out On Top Post-Lockdown?

Curiopedia
  • Uttar Pradesh ranks first in domestic tourist arrivals among all states of India with more than 71 million visitors. Uttar Pradesh is a favoured tourist destination because of religious tourism and the three World Heritage Sites the state houses.
  • The Yamuna Expressway which is between New Delhi to Agra, is one of the best highways in the country. In 2015, the state government started another expressway project between Agra to Lucknow which will reduce the journey time.
  • Vibhuti Narayan Singh was the king of Benares, a city considered holy, located in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. He was the last king of the British governed Kingdom of Kashi.

UP Makes the First Move to Attract Manufacturing Cos Leaving China

In the wake of Coronavirus and potential US-China trade war, manufacturing companies are considering moving their plants and units out of China. Uttar Pradesh is preparing itself to grab this opportunity to lure companies and investments to the state.
Complete Coverage: Coronavirus

Crux of the Matter

UP to Open Doors for Investment
Uttar Pradesh is preparing itself for a sharp economic revival post-COVID crisis by inviting companies and firms to invest and set up plants in the state. CM Yogi asked the Industrial development and MSME department of state (micro, small and medium enterprises) to come up with packages to offer companies leaving China.

US-based companies like FedEx, UPS, Cisco, Adobe, Lockheed Martin, Honeywell, Boston Scientific, etc. are in talks with the UP government. Electronic, Food processing, garments, and automobiles industry are more likely to invest there. The government offered UPS and FedEx to use Jewar airport in Greater Noida and Purvanchal Expressway. Lockheed Martin is expected to get space in UP’s Defence corridor.

Many companies appear to be disenchanted with China. If a company or investor wants to invest in the state, Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath will give them a special package and facility.

Awanish Awasthi, Additional Chief Secretary (Home)

Uttar Pradesh has a large workforce which can be beneficial to the companies. State connectivity in terms of road, railways, and airports will result in smooth operations. The UP government is also changing its industrial and sectoral policy to lure companies. The state government will help in relocating the plants from China. The state is also coming up with new policies for land acquisition plans to allocate land.

Big Plans
Migrant labors of UP are affected very severely by COVID-19. To support the state economy, CM Yogi has vowed to create 15 lakhs jobs. The government is going to implement schemes like MSME, ODOP, NRLM, horticulture and food processing, Deendayal Upadhyay Swarozgar Yojana, Skill Development Mission, Khadi Village Industries and MNREGA to reach the goal. CM ordered to set up ‘Youth Hub’ to give a platform to learn and apply skills. UP govt’s step may support migrant workers who had to come back due to the pandemic as it will be creating employment within the state in a post-COVID UP.

Curiopedia
  • Apple recently announced plans of assembling its iPhone in India, which was previously assembled only in China. Apple iPhone is one of the most sold products with over 1 billion iPhones sold since its inception.
  • Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh had the first woolen textile mill in India. Because of its textile industries, Kanpur was called the Manchester of India. This nickname was also shared by Ahmedabad.
  • The economy of Uttar Pradesh is the fifth largest of all the states of India. According to the state budget for 2017–18, Uttar Pradesh’s gross state domestic product is ₹16.89 lakh crore ($240 billion).

Allahabad HC Terms Yogi's Hoarding Move as 'Unjust'

After Yogi government put up hoardings with names, photographs and addresses of anti-CAA protestors in Lucknow, the Allahabad High Court taking suo-moto cognizance ordered Lucknow District Magistrate and Commissioner of Police to remove them as it violates right of privacy under Article 21 of the Constitution.

Crux of the Matter

The court said that privacy is an intrinsic component of Part III of the Constitution of India which gives all citizens the fundamental right of equality, freedom of speech and expression, freedom of movement and protection of life and personal liberty.

The bench headed by the Chief Justice of Allahabad High Court Govind Mathur said, “These fundamental rights cannot be given or taken away by law and laws. All the executive actions must abide by them.”

Advocate General Raghvendra Pratap Singh who appeared on behalf of the state government said, “the court should not interfere in such matters by taking suo-moto cognizance of the government action which was taken against those persons who damaged public and private property.”

The Allahabad Court in its order observed that ‘the object as disclosed to us is only to deter the people from participating in illegal activities.’ Experts suggest that the placement of personal data of selected persons reflects the colourable exercise of powers by the Executive.

The wrong-doer must be brought to book. But can the state go beyond that?

– Justice UU Lalit

The Bench also said: “Where there is gross negligence on part of public authorities and government and the public is put to suffering and where the precious values of the constitution are subjected to injuries, a constitutional court can very well take notice of that at its own. The court in such matters is not required to wait necessarily for a person to come before it to ring the bell of justice.”

The officers will submit a compliance report by March 16 when the court will hear this case again.

Curiopedia

Suo moto is a Latin term meaning “on its own motion”. It is used in situations where a government or court official acts of its own initiative. The term is usually applied to actions by a judge taken without a prior motion or request from the parties. Cases may be filed in the public interest when victims lack the capability to commence litigation or their freedom to petition the court has encroached. It aims to ensure the right to equality, life and personality which is guaranteed under part III of the Constitution of India. It also functions as an effective instrument for changes in society or social welfare. More Info

Yogi Govt Follows Modi Mantra for Muslims in its budget

Yogi Adityanath

Eyeing the upcoming Assembly elections in Uttar Pradesh, the Yogi Adityanath led BJP government on February 18 presented a massive Rs. 5,12,860 crores state budget – largest to date – for FY 2020-21 which is nearly 12% higher than last year.

Crux of the Matter

In this year’s budget, a special focus is seen to be made on minority welfare where the government has been facing a lot of criticism, especially with the recent CAA protests. A provision of Rs 783 crores has been made for the Prime Minister’s Public Development Programme for Minority Welfare.

After Babri Verdict, Madrasas for Muslims
Allocation of Rs 479 crore has been made for the modernization of madrasas and maktabs in the state. Recently with some from the Muslim communities taking to streets against CAA and NRC, the UP government had also issued orders to recover money from the protesters for not only damaging the public property but also for providing security.

In the 2019 budget; the government had provided Rs.942 crores for the scholarship scheme for students belonging to minority communities and Rs.459 crores were allocated for modernization of Arabi-Farsi madrasas.

Spotlight on Infra and Tourism
An allocation of Rs. 612.6 crores has been made for constructing gaushalas and the maintenance of stray cattle. With an aim to promote tourism in the state, Rs. 180 crore worth cultural center in Varanasi is planned and Rs. 50 crore has been allocated to the state’s tourism department.

The budget provides Rs. 25 crores for water sports at Ramgarh Lake in Gorakhpur and Rs. 200 crores for the Kashi Vishwanath Temple along with Rs. 85 crores allocation to develop tourist facilities in Ayodhya where a massive Ram Mandir is expected to come up soon.

On the infrastructure segment; the government’s plan includes an investment of Rs. 20,000 crores for Smart City Project, Rs.500 crores for Ayodhya Airport, Rs.2000 crores for Jewar Airport,  law university in Prayagraj, Ayush University in Gorakhpur, Rs.2000 crores Ganga Expressway and Rs. 358 crores for Kanpur Metro.

Curiopedia

The economy of Uttar Pradesh is the fifth largest in India. According to the state budget for 2017–18 its gross state domestic product is Rs 16.89 lakh crore (US$240 billion). Uttar Pradesh has an urban population of 44,495,063. According to the 2011 census report, 22.76% of Uttar Pradesh’s population lives in urban areas. The state is a major contributor to the national food grain stock with nearly 18.90% contribution (50.05 million tonnes of foodgrain) in 2013–14. It is home to many industries like handloom, textile, minerals, oil refinery, livestock and agriculture. The state is witnessing massive industrialisation with booming MSME sector with a growth rate of 5-7%. More Info

Article 28 – Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions.
1. No religious instruction shall be provided in any educational institution wholly maintained out of State funds.
2. Nothing in clause (1) shall apply to an educational institution which is administered by the State but has been established under any endowment or trust which requires that religious instruction shall be imparted in such institution.
3. No person attending any educational institution recognised by the State or receiving aid out of State funds shall be required to take part in any religious instruction that may be imparted in such institution or to attend any religious worship that may be conducted in such institution or in any premises attached thereto unless such person or, if such person is a minor, his guardian has given his consent thereto. More Info

Crude Bomb Explosion Shakes Lucknow Court Premises

A crude bomb explosion shook the premises of the Lucknow court on February 13. It has been reported to have taken place in the Lucknow collectorate in Hazratganj.

Crux of the Matter

Cause of Bombing
Locals reported that the blast was due to a dispute between two groups of lawyers on a complaint and it is suspected to be an attempt to attack a lawyer present in the court. Joint Secretary of the Lucknow Bar Association, Sanjiv Kumar Lodhi has claimed that he was the target of the attack because he had complained about a few judicial officers.

Bomber Identification
According to the police reports, three live bombs were recovered and nobody appeared to have seen or heard the blast. The bomb used was a locally made explosive device. So far, the police have identified one of the bombers as Jeetu Yadav. A large number of policemen and a bomb disposal squad was rushed to the site and a police inquiry was initiated immediately.

Carnage that Could have been
The site of the explosion was barely a kilometer away from the Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha. One person was seriously injured in the blast with two people receiving minor injuries. Sanjiv Kumar Lodhi said, “About 10 people hurled crude bombs outside my chamber. One bomb exploded but two remained unexploded.”

Deja Vu for Lawyers
The Bar Council of Uttar Pradesh asked bar associations to abstain from work in order to put pressure on the government to pass legislation to protect lawyers. There have been recent incidents and reports on attacks after which the lawyers had staged a protest questioning the security of the lawyers and the court premises.

Curiopedia

The Bar Council of India is a statutory body established under section 4 of the Advocates Act 1961 that regulates the legal practice and legal education in India. Its members are elected from amongst the lawyers in India and as such represent the Indian bar. It prescribes standards of professional conduct, etiquette and exercises disciplinary jurisdiction over the bar. It also sets standards for legal education and grants recognition to Universities whose degree in law will serve as a qualification for students to enroll themselves as advocates upon graduation. More Info