Namibia President Hage Geingob Wins Second Term in The Presidential Elections

Amidst facing several corruption accusations, economic recession President Hage Geingob of Namibia has retained his term consecutively for the second time in the 2019 Presidential elections. The Electoral Commission of Namibia announced on November 30 announced that Geingob won by securing 56.3% vote share.

Crux of the Matter
  • There were about 1.3 million registered voters for which the turnout was 60%.
  • The president, Hage Geingob, received 56.3% of the votes while his opposition Panduleni Itula bagged 29%.
  • The elections were held for 96 parliamentary seats, in which the ruling party won 63 seats while the opposition Popular Democratic Movement (PDM) party secured 16 seats.
  • After the results were announced, Hage Geingob addressed the people of Namibia and said, ” I am proud of the fact that the elections were held free and fair, without any fights or attacks. People were able to cast their votes to the representatives of their choice.”
  • Opposition leader Venaani said that his party is considering approaching the courts over “anomalies and irregularities” during the election.

Hage Gottfried Geingob is the third and current president of Namibia, in office since 21 March 2015. Geingob was the first Prime Minister of Namibia from 21 March 1990 to 28 August 2002, and served as Prime Minister again from 4 December 2012 to 21 March 2015. Between 2008 and 2012 Geingob served as Minister of Trade and Industry. He is also the current president of the ruling SWAPO Party since his election to the position in November 2017. More Info

Donald Trump Signs “Hong Kong Human Rights & Democracy Act” Bill

US President Donald Trump signed into law a bill ‘The Human Rights and Democracy Act‘ that supports pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong and mandates an annual review, to check if Hong Kong has sufficient autonomy to justify its special status with the US.

Crux of the Matter
  • The US decision is seen as a serious interference in internal matters of Hong Kong.
  • President Trump said that has he signed the law out of respect for President Xi Jinping, China, and the people of Hong Kong.
  • Hong Kong government reacted by saying that the bill would send the wrong signal and would not help to ease the situation.
  • China’s foreign ministry said it will take firm countermeasures.
  • Trump also signed a second bill that prohibits the export of crowd-control ammunition to the Hong Kong police including tear gas, rubber bullets and stuns guns.
  • 2019 Hong Kong protests, also called as the Anti-Extradition Law Amendment Bill movement is an ongoing series of demonstrations in Hong Kong which were triggered by the introduction of the Fugitive Offenders amendment bill by the Hong Kong government. If enacted, the bill would have let local authorities detain and extradite criminal fugitives who are wanted in territories with which Hong Kong does not currently have extradition agreements. Protesters laid out five key demands, which include the withdrawal of the bill, an investigation into alleged police brutality, the release of arrested protesters, a complete retraction of the official characterisation of the protests as “riots”, and Chief Executive Carrie Lam’s resignation. More Info

200 Chileans Lose Eyesight During Protests, Govt Agrees for a Referendum

Chile Protests that began as students protested against increased subway fare have escalated to such heights that nearly 200 Chileans’ eyesight has been damaged due to pellets fired by the Government Security Agents.

Crux of the Matter
  • Chileans are protesting against inequality. There is a call for massive reforms in the job, education, and health, sectors and the pension scheme.
  • As much as 2,500 people have been injured and 20 killed since the protests began. Nearly 200 people have lost or damaged their eyesights on account fo the pellets fired by the Security Agents.
  • Chile’s President Sebastian Pinera is taking hard action against the police and security agents that violated the basic human rights of the citizens through excessive violation and harassment.
  • For the demand for a new constitution, the government has agreed to a referendum that will take place in the month of April next year. Many view this as a turnaround from the clutches of dictatorship since more involvement of citizens is anticipated.

The 2019 Chilean protests are ongoing civil protests throughout Chile in response to a raise in the Santiago Metro’s subway fare, the increased cost of living, privatization and inequality prevalent in the country. The protests began in Chile’s capital, Santiago, as a coordinated fare evasion campaign by secondary school students which led to spontaneous takeovers of the city’s main train stations and open confrontations with the Chilean Police. On 18 October, the situation escalated as organized bands of protesters rose in rebellion across the city, seizing many stations of the Santiago Metro network and disabling them with extensive infrastructure damage, ultimately disabling the network in its entirety. In total, 81 stations have been damaged, with 17 burned down. On the same day, President of Chile Sebastián Piñera announced a state of emergency, authorizing the deployment of Chilean Army forces. Protests and riots have expanded to other cities, including Concepción, San Antonio, and Valparaíso. As of 26 October, 19 people have died, nearly 2,500 have been injured, and 2,840 have been arrested. Human rights organisations have received several reports of violations conducted against protesters by security forces, including torture, sexual abuse and rape. Read More

Protestors in HK Use Arrows and Molotov Cocktails to Fight Police

Protests in Hong Kong escalated as protestors used bows and arrows and hurled gasoline bombs to prevent the rioting police from entering into the Hong Kong Polytechnic University campus. The person injured through the arrow was a media liaison officer.

Crux of the Matter
  • HK Polytechnic University Campus is considered to be the last of the 5 campuses used by the protestors for blocking Hung Hom’s central cross-harbor road tunnel.
  • The 5-month long protests escalated when the protests denied evacuation of the university campus.
  • Educational institutes in Hong Kong have been declared shut until the situation clears. Nearly 1 million students had to sit home amidst protests.
  • The to and fro attacks continued as the police hurled tear gases on the campus, and the protestors catapulted gasoline bombs and shot arrows at the advancing riot police.

The 2019 Hong Kong protests, also known as the Anti-Extradition Law Amendment Bill (or Anti-ELAB) movement, are an ongoing series of demonstrations in Hong Kong which were triggered by the introduction of the Fugitive Offenders amendment bill by the Hong Kong government. If enacted, the bill would have let local authorities detain and extradite criminal fugitives who are wanted in territories with which Hong Kong does not currently have extradition agreements, including Taiwan and mainland China. This created concerns that the bill would subject Hong Kong residents and visitors to the mainland Chinese jurisdiction and legal system, undermining the region’s autonomy and its civil liberties. Read More

Global Auto Sales Slowdown Leads to Daimler Cutting Down on Manpower

Amidst sluggish global auto sales, Daimler has announced over $1 billion in job cuts over the next three years citing the costs of moving the company towards electric cars and to meet EU emissions targets.

Crux of the Matter
  • CEO Mr Källenius outlined his restructuring plans for Daimler, which includes a cap on investment and research and development at Mercedes Cars, as well as job cuts across the group.
  • 10% of management positions will be cut at the Mercedes unit and as well as a number of “indirect” administrative roles, will be eliminated.
  • The company aims to have plug-ins and full electrics in over 50% of Mercedes-Benz car sales by 2030.
  • It is expected to reduce costs by more than 1 billion euros. The trucks unit will save 300 million euros in Europe.
  • Along with the heavy investments in this shift, the upcoming Brexit is also a matter of concern.
  • CEO Ola Källenius said that the company’s metamorphosis will have a “negative impact” on earnings in 2020 and 2021.

Daimler AG is a German multinational automotive corporation, headquartered in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg. Daimler-Benz was formed with the merger of Benz & Cie and Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft in 1926. The company was renamed DaimlerChrysler upon acquiring the American automobile manufacturer Chrysler Corporation in 1998 and was again renamed Daimler upon divesting of Chrysler in 2007.  In 2017, Daimler sold 3.3 million vehicles. By unit sales, Daimler is the thirteenth-largest car manufacturer and is the largest truck manufacturer in the world. More Info